Asadabad, Iran

Asadabad (Persian: اسدآباد‎, also Romanized as Asadābād)[2] is a city and capital of Asadabad County, Hamadan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 51,304, in 12,583 families.[3] Asadabad is located 54 kilometers southwest of Hamadan, the provincial capital, on the historic route from Baghdad to Hamadan and then on to Ray and Tehran. The Kuh-e Alvand, the innermost part of the Zagros mountains, separates Asadabad and Hamadan.[4]

Asadabad

اسدآباد
City
Asadabad city from top view
Asadabad city from top view
Asadabad is located in Iran
Asadabad
Asadabad
Coordinates: 34°46′57″N 48°07′07″E / 34.78250°N 48.11861°E / 34.78250; 48.11861Coordinates: 34°46′57″N 48°07′07″E / 34.78250°N 48.11861°E / 34.78250; 48.11861
Country Iran
ProvinceHamadan
CountyAsadabad
BakhshCentral
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total55,703 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

HistoryEdit

Little is known about Asadabad's pre-Islamic history, although its strategic location suggests great antiquity. Wilhelm Tomaschek suggested a possible identification with the place named "Adrapana" by Isidore of Charax. Asadabad was an important royal site during the Sasanian period, with the 10th-century traveler Abu Dolaf Khazraji reporting that Shah Mardan, son of the Sasanian ruler Khosrow II and his wife Shirin, lived here for some time. Another writer, Ibn al-Faqih, reported that the Sasanian emperors kept a palace at a nearby place called Āzarmīḏdoḵt. The most visible Sasanian ruins in medieval times was the site variously called the Maṭābeḵ Kesrā ("Kitchens of Chosroes") or the Ayvān al-Ṣanj ("Portico of the Cymbal") by medieval Muslim writers.[4]

Early Islamic Asadabad was a small but prosperous city in the province of Jebal, surrounded by fertile farmlands that produced cereals, cotton, fruit, and especially honey. These farmlands were irrigated by waters brought down from the Kuh-e Alvand via qanats. In 810-11, during the Fourth Fitna, a battle was fought at Asadabad between the forces of al-Amin and al-Ma'mun, two sons of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid. Al-Ma'mun's general Taher Dhu'l-Yaminayn, who would later go on to found the Tahirid dynasty of Khorasan, defeated al-Amin's commander Abd-al-Rahman ibn Jabala Abnawi, who was killed in battle. As a result of this battle, al-Ma'mun's forces were able to take control of the entire province of Jebal.[4]

In the early 11th century, Asadabad was contested between different factions within the Kurdish Hasanwayhid dynasty. Later, in 1023-24, the Daylamite Kakuyid ruler Mohammad ibn Rostam Doshmanziyar took control of the city. Another battle was fought at Asadabad in 1120, when Mas'ud ibn Mohammad, the governor of Mosul, al-Jazira, and Azerbaijan, unsuccessfully rebelled against the Seljuq emperor Mahmud II.[4]

Asadabad continued to thrive under Ilkhanid rule; the 14th-century writer Hamdallah Mustawfi recorded that 35 villages were dependent on Asadabad, with the total revenue of the district amounting to 15,000 dinars. It was a minor center of Islamic scholarship, with the writer Sam'ani listing several notable scholars from Asadabad.[4]

At some point after this, however, Asadabad shrank to the size of a large village. In 1877, the European traveler H.W. Bellew counted 200 houses in Asadabad, and noted the presence of a Jewish community in the town.[4]

It has been suggested that the 19th-century Islamic activist Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, who said that he was from Asadabad in Afghanistan, was actually from an Iranian Shi'i family from this Asadabad, near Hamadan.[5]

In 1951, Asadabad was home to some 7,000 people, most of whom spoke Persian, with a minority of Kurdish and Turkish speakers also present.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Asadabad, Iran can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3053792" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Bosworth, C.E. "ASADĀBĀD (1)". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  5. ^ Ahmad, Sheikh Bashir (2007). Rafiabadi, Hamid Naseem (ed.). Challenges to Religions and Islam: A Study of Muslim Movements, Personalities, Issues and Trends. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. pp. 821–822. ISBN 9788176257329. Retrieved 19 May 2020.