Arturo "Arte" Moreno (born August 14, 1946) is an American businessman. On May 15, 2003, he became the first Mexican-American to own a major sports team in the United States when he purchased the Anaheim Angels baseball team from the Walt Disney Company.
Arte Moreno in 2007.
Arturo Ricardo Moreno
August 14, 1946
|Education||B.S. University of Arizona|
|Known for||CEO of Outdoor Systems; owner of Los Angeles Angels|
|Net worth||US$2.5 billion|
|Parent(s)||Mary and Arturo Ricardo Moreno|
Early life and educationEdit
Moreno was born to a Mexican American family in Tucson, Arizona, the oldest of 11 children of Maria and Arturo Moreno, who immigrated from Mexico. His father ran a small print shop; his grandfather owned Tucson's first Spanish-language newspaper. In 1965, graduated from high school and in 1966, he was drafted into the United States Army and fought in the Vietnam War. After returning to civilian life in 1968, he enrolled at the University of Arizona where he graduated in 1973 with a degree in marketing.
After school, he was hired to work at the Eller Outdoor advertising company. He traveled across the country for the next seven years, relocating several times and in 1984, he moved back to Arizona, settling in Phoenix, where he was hired by billboard company Outdoor Systems.
In 1996, Moreno took Outdoor Systems public. The company's stock soared, and in 1998 Moreno sold the company to Infinity Broadcasting for $8 billion.
With baseball being Moreno's favorite pastime, he applied his business acumen in that arena, as well, purchasing the Salt Lake Trappers minor league team alongside 17 other investors in 1986. The group owned the team until 1992, and the venture proved to be a resounding financial success.
By 2001, Moreno was hungry to own a Major League Baseball (MLB) team. He attempted to buy controlling interest in his homestate's Arizona Diamondbacks, however no deal could be reached. He nonetheless remained determined to own a Major League team, and soon set his sights on the 2002 World Series champion Anaheim Angels.
In April 2003, it was announced that Moreno had reached a deal with The Walt Disney Company to purchase the team for $180 million. On May 15, 2003, MLB commissioner Bud Selig announced that the sale of the Angels to Moreno had been approved. One of the first people to congratulate Moreno after the news was Diamondbacks' owner Jerry Colangelo, a personal friend who declared it a good opportunity for Moreno.
Moreno soon demonstrated a willingness to spend the money necessary to sign premium players, including star outfielder Vladimir Guerrero, to improve the team. He also took a hands-on approach, becoming a regular attendee of the team's home games and periodically leaving his owner's box during games to mingle with fans in the regular stadium seating areas and concourses. All of these moves proved very popular with fans. In the first year of his ownership, the Angels drew more than three million fans, 750,000 more than their championship season.
However, Moreno encountered a substantial backlash from fans of the team, and in particular, from the city leadership of Anaheim, California, over his decision in 2005 to change the name of the team from the Anaheim Angels to the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. Moreno saw the change as part of an overall strategy to increase the team's revenue by actively marketing it to, and associating it with, the entire Los Angeles metropolitan area, rather than restricting the team's identity to the city of Anaheim and to Orange County. In recent years, the San Diego Zoo and Los Angeles Times have been notable club sponsors, while all baseball TV rightsholders also use some variation of the team's new name, indicating the effect of Moreno's plan. But the move outraged Anaheim city officials, who responded by suing the team. It also angered a substantial segment of the Angels' fan base in Orange County, who took pride in the team's identity being distinct from Los Angeles. The awkwardness of the of Anaheim suffix, appended to satisfy a contractual requirement for Anaheim to be included in the team's name, also caused the new name to become the subject of national ridicule. Eventually, the team won the lawsuit filed by the city. Whatever displeasure fans felt over the name change has not translated into diminished support for the team, as attendance levels have remained well above 2002 numbers.
Aside from the name controversy, Moreno's first few seasons as owner of the Angels were largely successful. The team posted three consecutive winning seasons for the first time in club history (2007–2009), including winning the American League Western Division championship in 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2014 when they finished with a league leading 98 regular season wins.
Just prior to the start of the 2006 Major League season, Moreno scored another success in signing a lucrative contract with Fox Sports Net for the television broadcast rights for the Angels' regular season games. The ten-year deal significantly increased the team's television revenue. In April 2006, Forbes magazine estimated the team to be worth $368 million—twice the amount Moreno paid for the club only three years earlier; in January 2018 Forbes estimated the franchise value at $1.75 billion.
[Moreno] has really done an amazing job with the franchise. To double the value in three years without getting a new stadium is an incredible feat.
- — Forbes magazine associate editor Kurt Badenhausen
Other business interestsEdit
On February 26, 2006, Moreno led a partnership of buyers to purchase Radio 830 KMXE, the nation's largest Spanish-language AM radio station. For the 2006 and 2007 seasons Radio 830 KMXE served as the Spanish-language radio broadcast outlet for the Angels. On July 17, 2007 the station began broadcasting from new studios located in Angel Stadium. Just before the 2008 season the station became AM830 KLAA (AM) and went all English language, including the Angels game broadcasts. The station has since added morning and afternoon sports talk shows to its lineup.
While it seems a new trend for sports teams to buy their own radio stations (see St. Louis Cardinals baseball and Washington Redskins football teams), for the Angels it is a tradition started by team founder Gene Autry, who owned 710 KMPC and broadcast the games for years.
Moreno has been married twice. He has three children.
In 1997, Moreno and his wife established the Moreno Family Foundation, which supports non-profit organizations focusing on youth and education. It also has provided support to the athletic programs at the University of Arizona.
Aside from this, Moreno is vigilant about maintaining his privacy. He refuses most interview requests, and does not discuss his personal life publicly. His family and friends also avoid commenting on his personal life publicly, though off the record, those who know him describe him as "unabashed in his support of Republican politics" and as particularly dedicated to his family.
- "Forbes Moreno profile". Forbes. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- Mendez, Davis (March 4, 2013). "Tucson born Moreno among Forbes wealthiest". Tucson Weekly. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Los Angeles Times: "Generosity and work ethic were the gifts that helped turn his son into a billionaire owner" by Sam Farmer Sam Farmer
- Mark Boster (May 15, 2003). "Arte Moreno". Los Angeles Times.
- Boeck, Greg (February 24, 2004). "Moreno a thorough baseball man". USA Today. Gannett. Retrieved January 21, 2010.
- Moore, David Leon (2005-02-23). "City of Angels … and Dodgers". USA Today.
- Lennon, David (2005-10-05). "AL DIVISION SERIES, ANGELS NOTEBOOK, What's in a name? Big bucks". Newsday. p. A70.
- Shaikin, Bill (2005-01-04). "Angels to Be a Team of 2 Cities". Los Angeles Times. p. A1.
- Shalkin, Bill. (2007, February 26). "Moreno keeps pushing and pushing", Los Angeles Times
- "Forbes estimates team value". Forbes. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Shalkin, Bill. (2006, April 21). "Angels Increase in Value", Los Angeles Times
- (2006, February 6). "Partnership Led by Arte Moreno to Acquire Radio 830 KMXE; Deal to Create Bilingual Format and Expand Sports Broadcasting in Southern California Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine", Hispanic PR Wire
- Greg Boeck, "Moreno a thorough baseball man", USA Today, February 2, 2004
- Reaves, Joseph A.; Harris, Craig & Higuera, Jonathan J. (April 23, 2003). "Baseball more than business for Moreno". Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
Reaves, Joseph A., Craig Harris and Jonathan J. Higurea. (2003, April 23). "Baseball more than business for Moreno", The Arizona Republic