Artashumara[1] (Mittani Aryan: Artasmara;[2][3] Akkadian: Artašumara[4]) was briefly king of Mitanni in the fourteenth century BC.



The name Artašumara is the Akkadian form of the Mittani Aryan name Artasmara, which is a cognate of the Vedic Sanskrit term ऋतस्मर (Ṛta-smara), meaning "he remembers Ṛta".[2][3]



He is known only from a single mention in a tablet found in Tell Brak "Artassumara the king, son of Shuttarna the king" and a mention in Amarna letter 17.[5][6] According to the latter, after the death of Shuttarna II he briefly took power but was then murdered (by someone named Tuhi) and succeeded by his brother Tushratta.[7][8]

See also

Preceded by Mitanni king
14th century BC
Succeeded by


  1. ^ Mario Liverani (2014). The Ancient Near East: History, Society and Economy. Routledge. Text 16.1
  2. ^ a b Witzel, Michael (2001). "Autochthonous Aryans? The Evidence from Old Indian and Iranian Texts". Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies. 7 (3): 1–118. doi:10.11588/EJVS.2001.3.830. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b Liverani, Mario (2014). "16.1. The 'mountain people' and the 'dark age'". The Ancient Near East: History, Society and Economy. Routledge. p. 273.
  4. ^ ar-ta-aš-šu-ma-ra in "CDLI-Archival View".
  5. ^ Finkel, Irving L. “Inscriptions from Tell Brak 1984.” Iraq, vol. 47, 1985, pp. 187–201
  6. ^ Moran, William L. (1992). The Amarna Letters. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-4251-4.
  7. ^ Artzi, P., "The Diplomatic Service in Action: The Mitanni File”, in: R. Cohen and R. Westbrook (eds.): Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations, Baltimore, London: 205–211, 2000
  8. ^ Podany, Amanda (2010). Brotherhood of Kings: How International Relations Shaped the Ancient Near East. Oxford University Press. p. 198–. ISBN 9780199718290.