Arthur "Art" Clokey (born Arthur Charles Farrington; October 12, 1921 – January 8, 2010) was an American pioneer in the popularization of stop motion clay animation, best known as the creator of the character Gumby and the original voice of Gumby's sidekick, Pokey. Clokey's career began in 1953 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, which was influenced by his professor, Slavko Vorkapich, at the University of Southern California. Clokey and his wife Ruth subsequently came up with the clay character Gumby and his horse Pokey, who first appeared in the Howdy Doody Show and later got their own series The Adventures of Gumby, from which they became a familiar presence on American television. The characters enjoyed a renewal of interest in the 1980s when American actor and comedian Eddie Murphy parodied Gumby in a skit on Saturday Night Live.
Arthur Charles Farrington
October 12, 1921
|Died||January 8, 2010 (aged 88)|
|Alma mater||Pomona College|
|Occupation||Animator, director, producer, screenwriter, voice actor|
|Known for||Creator of Gumby|
(m. 1948; div. 1966)
(m. 1976; died 1998)
|Family||Joseph W. Clokey (father)|
Clokey founded the company Premavision (which has manufacturing subsidiary, Prema Toy Company) around his Gumby and Pokey franchise.
At Webb School in Claremont, young Clokey came under the influence of teacher Ray Alf, who took students on expeditions digging for fossils and learning about the world around them. Clokey later studied geology at Pomona College, before leaving Pomona in 1943 to join the military during World War II. He graduated from his adoptive father's alma mater, Miami University, in 1948.
Art Clokey also made a few highly experimental and visually inventive short clay animation films for adults, including his first student film Gumbasia (produced in 1953 and released in 1955), the visually rich Mandala (1977) — described by Clokey as a metaphor for evolving human consciousness — and the equally bizarre The Clay Peacock (1963), an elaboration on the animated NBC logo of the time. Consisting of animated clay shapes contorting to a jazz score, Gumbasia so intrigued Samuel G. Engel, then president of the Motion Pictures Producers Association, that he financed the pilot film for what became Clokey's The Gumby Show (1957). The title Gumbasia was in homage to Walt Disney's Fantasia.
The Clokeys are credited with the clay-animation title sequences for the 1965 beach movies Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine and How to Stuff a Wild Bikini. His son, Joe Clokey, continued the Davey and Goliath cartoon in 2004. In March 2007, KQED-TV broadcast the hour-long documentary Gumby Dharma as part of their Truly CA series.
In 1995, Clokey and Dallas McKennon teamed up again for Gumby: The Movie, a feature film. The movie was not a success at the box office and was widely panned by critics, although it saw modest success on home media, going on to sell more than a million copies on home media, cementing itself as a cult classic. It was released in its original 90-minute theatrical version on Blu-ray in 2017.
In the mid-1990s, Nickelodeon, Fox and Cartoon Network signed a contract with Art Clokey to air every episode of Gumby for its anchor spots at 8 a.m. and 2 p.m. It was on top of their ratings for over three years.
Death and legacyEdit
On October 13, 2011, a day after on what would have been Clokey's 90th birthday, Google paid homage to his life and works with an interactive logo doodle in the style of his clay animations, including Gumby, produced by Premavision Studios.
- Gumbasia (1955) (animator, director, producer and writer)
- The Gumby Show (1957–1968) as Pokey (voice) (Also animator, director, producer and writer)
- Davey and Goliath (1961–1964, 1971–1975) (director, producer and writer)
- Mandala (1977) (Also director, producer and camera operator)
- The Puppetoon Movie (1987) as Pokey (voice)
- Gumby Adventures (1988) as Worm (voice) (Also director, producer and head writer)
- Gumby: The Movie (1995) as Pokey (voice) (Also director, producer, script writer and animator)
- Tim Lawson; Alisa Persons, eds. (2004). The magic behind the voices. University Press of Mississippi. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-57806-696-4.
- TV personalities: biographical sketch book: Volume 3. St. Louis, Mo. : TV Personalities. 1957. OCLC 2470684.
- Gumby’ creator Art Clokey, dead at 88, had an especially animated life
- Art Clokey dies at 88; creator of Gumby
- "Who Are Davey and Goliath?". Daveyandgoliath.org. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- These films have recently become available for purchase by the public and are included in the Rhino box-set release of Gumby's television shorts.
- The Clay Peacock, Gumby World
- Felch, Jason (January 9, 2010). "Art Clokey dies at 88; creator of Gumby". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- Fox, Margalit (January 11, 2010). "Art Clokey, Animator Who Created Gumby, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
- Pemberton, Patrick S. "'Gumby' creator and Los Osos resident Art Clokey dies" Archived January 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, SanLuisObispo.com/The Tribune, January 8, 2010
- Art Clokey: How Gumby got his name, Christian Science Monitor, retrieved 2010-10-12.
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