Arsenyev (Russian: Арсе́ньев) is a town in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located about 160 kilometers (99 mi) northeast of Vladivostok, the administrative center of the krai. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 56,750.[3] It was previously known as Semyonovka (until 1952).[2]

Arsenyev
Арсеньев
View of Arsenyev
View of Arsenyev
Flag of Arsenyev
Coat of arms of Arsenyev
Location of Arsenyev
Arsenyev is located in Russia
Arsenyev
Arsenyev
Location of Arsenyev
Arsenyev is located in Primorsky Krai
Arsenyev
Arsenyev
Arsenyev (Primorsky Krai)
Coordinates: 44°10′N 133°15′E / 44.167°N 133.250°E / 44.167; 133.250Coordinates: 44°10′N 133°15′E / 44.167°N 133.250°E / 44.167; 133.250
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPrimorsky Krai[1]
Founded1895[2]
Government
 • HeadAlexander Dronin
Elevation
170 m (560 ft)
Population
 • Total56,750
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
52,471 (−7.5%)
 • Rank291st in 2010
 • Subordinated toArsenyev Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
 • Capital ofArsenyev Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugArsenyevsky Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofArsenyevsky Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+10 (MSK+7 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
692330, 692331, 692335, 692337, 692338, 692342–692346, 692348, 692679, 692688
Dialing code(s)+7 42361
OKTMO ID05703000001
Websitears.town
Arsenyev population
2010 Census56,750[3]
2002 Census62,896[8]
1989 Census70,032[9]
1979 Census60,097[10]

HistoryEdit

The history of Arsenyev begins in 1895, when the settlement of Semyonovka (Семёновка) was founded.[2] The first settlement dwellers were the Old Believers. In 1901, the migrant peasants from what is now Poltava Oblast, Ukraine settled here. In 1937, the settlement was connected to the Trans-Siberian Railway by a branch-line. In 1940, the first aviation plant in the Russian Far East, which is now called Progress Arsenyev Aircraft Works, was built in Semyonovka. In 1952, Semyonovka was granted town status and renamed Arsenyev,[2] after Vladimir Arsenyev, an explorer of the Far East, a scientist, a traveler, and a writer, who visited Semyonovka in 1912.

During the Cold War, an air base existed northeast of Arsenyev at Varfolomeyevka.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Arsenyev Town Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Arsenyev Town Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Arsenyevsky Urban Okrug.[5]

ClimateEdit

Arsenyev has a dry-winter warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwb), bordering on a dry-winter hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

The climate of the town is characterized by a great contrast between summer and winter temperatures in comparison with the coastal Primorye. The average temperature in January is −18 °C (0 °F). The average temperature in July is +21 °C (70 °F). The absolute low recorded was −46 °C (−51 °F), record high was +39 °C (102 °F). Spring is characterized by an increase of 10 °C (18 °F) in the average daily temperature from March through April. The annual precipitation is 701 millimeters (27.6 in); the annual humidity is 71%. The soil freezes as deep as 2 meters (6 ft 7 in)

Climate data for Arsenyev
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10.2
(13.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
2.2
(36.0)
13.3
(55.9)
20.2
(68.4)
24.1
(75.4)
26.8
(80.2)
25.9
(78.6)
21.0
(69.8)
13.5
(56.3)
2.2
(36.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
10.5
(50.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.5
(0.5)
−12.9
(8.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
6.7
(44.1)
13.3
(55.9)
18.4
(65.1)
21.9
(71.4)
21.3
(70.3)
14.9
(58.8)
6.7
(44.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−14.6
(5.7)
4.2
(39.6)
Average low °C (°F) −24.8
(−12.6)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
0.1
(32.2)
6.4
(43.5)
12.7
(54.9)
17.0
(62.6)
16.7
(62.1)
8.8
(47.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
−10.0
(14.0)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−2.1
(28.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.2
(0.44)
9.1
(0.36)
19.3
(0.76)
30.4
(1.20)
58.5
(2.30)
70.7
(2.78)
102.8
(4.05)
138.6
(5.46)
90.3
(3.56)
57.1
(2.25)
29.2
(1.15)
13.3
(0.52)
630.5
(24.83)
Source: [11]

NatureEdit

Large clay deposits that are used by the local plant of construction materials are found in the town's vicinity. There are granite and basalt beds within 10–12 kilometers (6.2–7.5 mi) distance from the town. The suburban flora includes Japanese Yew (Taxus cuspidata), Amur Velvet, Manchurian Walnut (Juglans mandschurica), Ermann's Birch (Betula ermannii), Eleutherococcus, Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera, a rare and very beautiful water-plant that can be found in several small lakes twelve kilometers from Arsenyev). There is a variety of fauna species in the area, including mammals, birds, and insects characteristic of Primorye. The tiger (Panthera tigris), wildcat (Felis spp.), mandarin duck (Aix galericulata), several species of unique butterflies including Catocala and species of Noctuid moth can be found.

There is much snow during winter in Arsenyev, and this creates perfect conditions for skiing around the town. Arsenyev is surrounded by an almost untouched Ussuri taiga. The ecological situation in Arsenyev is more favorable in comparison with other cities and towns of the krai, due to the absence of polluting enterprises in the town and its suburbs.

EconomyEdit

As of 1999, the economy of the town is dominated by state enterprises. The proportion of their employees comprises two-thirds of able-bodied population. Other industries employ an additional 12,000 people. There are about 4,000 unemployed in Arsenyev. The largest enterprise of the town are Askold Shipbuilding Plant and Progress, producing generally products for defense. At present the volume of the output has been lowered due to the reduction of demand for military products. The high prices of raw materials have led to a halt in the production of umbrellas, furniture, and baby prams, that were by-products of Askold and Progress. All of this constitutes a threat to unemployment to most of the town population, which has been employed by these two plants. One possible solution to the problem is exporting military helicopters of Progress Stock Company, which have received worldwide approval. Due to the highly technical industries located there, Arsenyev is characterized by a larger proportion of specialists with higher education compared with other cities of the Krai.

TourismEdit

Arsenyev is situated between the Blue and Eastern-Blue Ranges of the Sikhote-Alin, on the right bank of the Arsenyevka river (the Ussuri's tributary). The river is 294 km (200 mi) long. The valley of the Arsenyevka river is 2–3-kilometer (1.2–1.9 mi) wide. The river is the source of water for the town and for the rice plantations of the adjacent Anuchinsky District. In 1954, a dam was constructed on the Dachnaya River (the Arsenyevka's tributary). It is located in the center of Arsenyev, forming a pool with fountains. The town park is adjacent to it. This is the favorite recreation place of the town's residents. The water reservoir for the town is located on the upper reaches of the Dachnaya river. The town of Arsenyev is built on flat land.

Arsenyev is an attraction primarily for lovers of mountain-skiing. There is a mountain-skiing base in Arsenyev. There is much snow in the Arsenyev area in winter. The mountain normally used for mountain skiers is 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) from the town and rises as high as 870 meters (2,850 ft) above sea level. Training for mountain-skiing beginners is available. Tourists are welcome on week-ends. You can stop at the Salyut recreation center at the foot of the mountain.

SightseeingEdit

There is a monument to Maxim Gorky, founded in 1958 in the public garden on Gorky Avenue.

The Uvalnaya Hill displays the monument to Russian explorer Vladimir Arsenyev and his guide gol'd Dersu Uzala, built in 1972 by donations from Arsenyev's residents.

In the area surrounding Arsenyev there are also many archaeological and natural monuments, acquainting visitors with the culture of the ancient tribes inhabiting these lands, with relics and endemic plants and animals.

Arsenyev's History Museum was opened in 1969. Over 40,000 exhibits are displayed, including the personal belongings of the first dwellers of Semyonovka, a collection of butterflies found in Central Primorye, ethnographic and archaeological collections. The museum attracts about 35,000 people a year.

SportsEdit

The bandy club Vostok[12] plays in the second highest division, Supreme League.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 25. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #178-KZ
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. ^ "Meteorological Station Anuchino". {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  12. ^ Official homepage of Vostok

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №673-КЗ от 6 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Приморского края "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #673-KZ of October 6, 2015 On Amending the Law of Primorsky Krai "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №178-КЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об Арсеньевском городском округе». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Законодательного Собрания Приморского края", №76, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #178-KZ of December 6, 2004 On Arsenyevsky Urban Okrug. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External linksEdit