Arrows A11(Redirected from Arrows A11B)
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|Chassis||Carbon fibre and kevlar monocoque|
1989-1990: mid-engine, longitudinally mounted, 3,493 cc (213.2 cu in), Ford DFR, 90° V8, NA|
1991: mid-engine, longitudinally mounted, 3,499 cc (213.5 cu in), Porsche 3512, 80° V12, NA
Arrows / Hewland |
1989-1990: 5-speed manual
1991: 6-speed semi-automatic
Arrows Grand Prix International|
Footwork Arrows Racing
9. Derek Warwick|
10. Eddie Cheever
9. Michele Alboreto
10. Bernd Schneider
10. Alex Caffi
|Debut||1989 Brazilian Grand Prix|
Designed by Ross Brawn, the A11 was the first Arrows car following the ban on turbocharged engines at the end of 1988, being fitted with a normally-aspirated 3.5-litre Ford Cosworth DFR V8 engine. It was raced to reasonably good effect by Derek Warwick and Eddie Cheever in 1989, Warwick finishing in the top six on five occasions and briefly challenging for victory in the Canadian Grand Prix, and Cheever finishing third in the United States Grand Prix, held in his home town of Phoenix, Arizona. With 13 points, Arrows placed seventh in the Constructors' Championship.
For 1990, the car received minor suspension upgrades and became the A11B, while Italian drivers Michele Alboreto and Alex Caffi replaced Warwick and Cheever. 1990 turned out to be far less successful than 1989, however, as the car failed to qualify seven times, and finished in the top six only once, when Caffi took fifth at an attritional race in Monaco. Caffi was also forced to sit out the United States and Spanish races through injury, Germany's Bernd Schneider deputising on both occasions. The two points from Monaco gave Arrows ninth in the Constructors' Championship.
By the start of 1991, the team had been taken over by the Japanese Footwork concern and renamed accordingly, and had also secured a deal to run Porsche V12 engines, replacing the Fords. However, the team's car for that season, the FA12, had to be redesigned when it was discovered that the large Porsche engine, the 3512, could not fit into it. The team therefore modified the A11B into the A11C to accommodate this engine, and used it in the first two races, as well as at San Marino after Alboreto destroyed his redesigned FA12 during practice. From these five attempts, the ageing car qualified only once (Alboreto in the United States), before being finally retired.
Complete Formula One World Championship resultsEdit
|1989||Arrows Grand Prix International||Arrows A11||Ford DFR V8||G||BRA||SMR||MON||MEX||USA||CAN||FRA||GBR||GER||HUN||BEL||ITA||POR||ESP||JPN||AUS||13||7th|
|1990||Arrows Grand Prix International||Arrows A11B||Ford DFR V8||G||USA||BRA||SMR||MON||CAN||MEX||FRA||GBR||GER||HUN||BEL||ITA||POR||ESP||JPN||AUS||2||9th|
|1991||Footwork Arrows Racing||Footwork A11C||Porsche 3512 V12||G||USA||BRA||SMR||MON||CAN||MEX||FRA||GBR||GER||HUN||BEL||ITA||POR||ESP||JPN||AUS||0||-|