Arrosès

Arrosès (French pronunciation: ​[aʁozɛs]; Occitan: Arrosés) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Arrosès
A general view of Arrosès
A general view of Arrosès
Location of Arrosès
Arrosès is located in France
Arrosès
Arrosès
Arrosès is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Arrosès
Arrosès
Coordinates: 43°32′32″N 0°06′37″W / 43.5422°N 0.1103°W / 43.5422; -0.1103Coordinates: 43°32′32″N 0°06′37″W / 43.5422°N 0.1103°W / 43.5422; -0.1103
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementPau
CantonTerres des Luys et Coteaux du Vic-Bilh
IntercommunalityNord-Est Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Michel Cantounet[1]
Area
1
9.64 km2 (3.72 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
139
 • Density14/km2 (37/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64056 /64350
Elevation129–265 m (423–869 ft)
(avg. 226 m or 741 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Arrosès is located some 50 km south-east of Hagetmau and some 5 km west of Madiran with the eastern border of the commune being the border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Hautes-Pyrénées departments. Access to the commune is by the D219 road from Aurions-Idernes in the west passing through the commune north of the village then continuing east to Madiran as the D66. The D292 comes from Aubous in the north passing through the commune and the village and continuing south to join the D139 south of Crouseilles. The commune is mostly farmland with patches of forest scattered throughout.[3]

The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour with several streams rising in the commune and flowing east to join the Saget which flows north to join the Adour near Saint-Mont and forming most of the eastern border of the commune. The Larcis forms most of the western border of the commune as it flows north to join the Lees.

Places and HamletsEdit

  • Auvian
  • Baradat[4]
  • Barbau
  • Baylou
  • Bigarat
  • Bouézou[5]
  • Bousigué
  • Bouziquet
  • Cantounet
  • Couet
  • Crecq
  • Ducos
  • Duliès
  • Flandres[6]
  • Grange
  • Haget
  • Hourat
  • Jouet
  • Lasgrabes
  • Laudique
  • Lavielle
  • Mombet[7]
  • Mondain
  • La Mothe[4]
  • Paris
  • Peyret
  • Raguet
  • Regard
  • Ribès
  • Sassié
  • Tapounet
  • Tillet

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

ToponymyEdit

The commune name in béarnais is Arrosés.

Michel Grosclaude proposed as its etymology the anthroponym Arrosés which was very common in the Pyrenees and the Iberian peninsula and well attested in the Middle Ages.[8]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arrosès Aroses 1385 Raymond
13
Census Village
Arozee 14th century Raymond
13
Census
Arosser 14th century Raymond
13
Census
Arozer 14th century Raymond
13
Census
Arroser 1402 Raymond
13
Census
Rosees 1472 Raymond
13
Affièvement
Arrosers 1487 Raymond
13
Establishments
Rosses 1538 Raymond
13
Reformation
Arrosees 1538 Raymond
13
Reformation
Arrozes 1546 Raymond
13
Reformation
Rosez 1675 Raymond
13
Reformation
Arrouzès 1686 Raymond
13
Reformation
Rosés 1750 Cassini
Arroses 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Arblé Arblé 1863 Raymond
9
Moor
Baradat Baradat 1863 Raymond
20
Farm
La Barthe La Barthe 1863 Raymond
22
Moor
Chaudelet Chaudelet 1863 Raymond
49
Farm
Crestia Crestiàa 1863 Raymond
53
Place
Espiau Espiau 1863 Raymond
61
Place
Les Garbères Les Garbères 1863 Raymond
67
Farm
Le Gog Le Gog 1863 Raymond
72
Farm
Les Grabes Les Grabes 1863 Raymond
73
Farm
Lamothe Lamothe 1863 Raymond
91
Mill
Larbareng Larbareng 1863 Raymond
94
Place
Lorthe Lorthe 1863 Raymond
104
Place
Mané Mané 1863 Raymond
108
Farm
La Mothe La Mota d'Arroses 1538 Raymond
118
Reformation Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
La Motte 1863 Raymond
118
Peirolis Peirolis 1863 Raymond
133
Farm
La Salle Lasalle 1776 Raymond
154
Terrier Farm
Sinsoos Sinsoos 1863 Raymond
161
Farm

Sources:

Origins:

  • Census: Census of Béarn[10]
  • Affièvement: Titles of affièvement of Arrosès
  • Establishments: Register of Establishments of Béarn[11]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[12]
  • Terrier: Terrier of Arrosès.[13]

HistoryEdit

Paul Raymond noted on page 13 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385, Arrosès had 31 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Lembeye. There was a Tithe in Arrosès parish called Sainte-Rose.[4]

AdministrationEdit

 
The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name
1995 2001 Francis Cazenave
2001 2008 Gérard Saint-Martin
2008 2014 Christian Labat
2014 2026 Michel Cantounet

Inter-communalityEdit

The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the Communauté de communes du Nord-Est Béarn;
  • the highways SIVU of the Canton of Lembeye
  • the AEP association of Crouseilles;
  • the SIVU for educational regrouping in Aurions-idernes, Arrosès, Séméacq-Blachon, and Moncaup;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 139 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 466—    
1800 358−3.70%
1806 454+4.04%
1821 463+0.13%
1831 517+1.11%
1836 554+1.39%
1841 645+3.09%
1846 679+1.03%
1851 621−1.77%
1856 597−0.79%
1861 515−2.91%
1866 504−0.43%
1872 492−0.40%
1876 486−0.31%
1881 462−1.01%
1886 478+0.68%
1891 414−2.83%
1896 415+0.05%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 403−0.59%
1906 332−3.80%
1911 310−1.36%
1921 259−1.78%
1926 267+0.61%
1931 223−3.54%
1936 216−0.64%
1946 198−0.87%
1954 183−0.98%
1962 187+0.27%
1968 203+1.38%
1975 178−1.86%
1982 159−1.60%
1990 145−1.15%
1999 141−0.31%
2007 152+0.94%
2012 147−0.67%
2017 139−1.11%
Source: EHESS[15] and INSEE[16]

EconomyEdit

The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zones of Madiran, Pacherenc-du-vic-bilh, and Béarn AOC.

Culture and HeritageEdit

Civil heritageEdit

A number of structures have been identified as historical monuments. These are:

  • A Fortified complex[17] (Motte-and-bailey castle, courtyard, house) indicates the presence of a lordship in the 11th century.
  • Of 50 Houses and Farms[18] surveyed by the Ministry of Culture, 25 were built prior to 1871.
  • The Chateau of Sauvernéa[7] at a place called Mombet is a notable house built in the 18th century. Other objects at Mombet are:
    • A Tombstone dated 1762.[19]
    • A sideboard (18th century)[20]
    • A weathervane (18th century)[21]
  • A Farm at a place called Flandres from 1746.[6]

A Hilarri[5] located at a house in the Bouézou area dates to the 17th century. It came from the old church which is now destroyed.[22]

Religious heritageEdit

 
The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption

The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption[23] partially dates to the 12th century. It contains many items which have been registered. These are:

  • Front of the Altar (19th century)[24]
  • Processional Cross (17th or 18th century)[25]
  • Stations of the Cross (19th century)[26]
  • Altar candlestick (19th century)[27]
  • Processional Banner (19th century)[28]
  • Lectern (18th century)[29]
  • Pulpit (18th century)[30]
  • Tenebrae candlestick (18th century (?))[31]
  • Stoup (2) (12th or 13th century)[32]
  • Stoup (1) (15th or 16th century)[33]
  • Baptismal font (12th and 17th centuries)[34]
  • Confessional (18th century)[35]
  • Statue: Saint Rose (18th century)[36]
  • Retable of Saint Rose (18th century)[37]
  • Altar, 2 altar steps, tabernacle, Retable, Painting (18th-19th centuries)[38]
  • Altar Cross (19th century)[39]
  • Painting: Assumption (18th century)[40]
  • 4 Statues (18th century)[41]
  • Retable (18th century)[42]
  • 6 Statues (18th century (?))[43]
  • Tabernacle, exhibit (18th century (?))[44]
  • Altar (18th century)[45]
  • Ensemble of the Virgin (18th-19th centuries)[46]
  • Panelling on the surfaces (18th century)[47]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  5. ^ a b Base Palissy: IM64002128 Hilarri, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  6. ^ a b Base Mérimée: IA00026449 Farm, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  7. ^ a b Base Mérimée: IA00026446 Chateau of Sauvernéa, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  8. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  9. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Arrosès
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th and 16th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  15. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Arrosès, EHESS. (in French)
  16. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  17. ^ Base Mérimée: IA00026447 Fortified Complex, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  18. ^ Base Mérimée: IA00026448 Houses and farms, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  19. ^ Base Mérimée: IA00027295 Tombstone, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  20. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002130 Sideboard, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  21. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002129 Weathervane, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  22. ^ Base Mérimée: IA00027534 Parish Church, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  23. ^ Base Mérimée: IA00026445 Church of Our lady of the Assumption, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  24. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002127 Front of the Altar, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  25. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002126 Processional Cross, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  26. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002125 Stations of the Cross, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  27. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002124 Altar candlestick, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  28. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002123 Processional Banner, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  29. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002122 Lectern, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  30. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002121 Pulpit, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  31. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002120 Tenebrae Candlestick, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  32. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002119 Stoup (2), Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  33. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002118 Stoup (1), Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  34. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002117 Baptismal Font, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  35. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002116 Confessional, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  36. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002115 Statue: Saint Rose, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  37. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002114 Retable of Saint Rose, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  38. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002113 Altar, 2 altar steps, tabernacle, Retable, Painting, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  39. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002112 Altar Cross, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  40. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002111 Painting: Assumption, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  41. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002110 4 Statues, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  42. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002109 Retable, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  43. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002108 6 Statues, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  44. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002107 Tabernacle, exhibit, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  45. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002106 Altar, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  46. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002105 Ensemble of the Virgin, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  47. ^ Base Palissy: IM64002104 Panelling, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)

External linksEdit