Arrhenia is a genus[2][3] of fungi in the family Hygrophoraceae.[4] Arrhenia also includes species formerly placed in the genera Leptoglossum and Phaeotellus and the lectotype species itself has an unusual growth form that would not normally be called agaricoid. All of the species grow in association with photosynthetic cryptogams such as mosses, including peat moss, and alga scums on decaying wood, and soil crusts consisting of mixes of such organisms. Typically the fruitbodies of Arrhenia species are grey to black or blackish brown, being pigmented by incrusting melanized pigments on the hyphae.

Arrhenia
Omphalina griseopallida - Lindsey.jpg
Arrhenia (formerly Omphalina) griseopallida
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hygrophoraceae
Genus: Arrhenia
Fr. (1849)
Type species
Arrhenia auriscalpium
(Fr.) Fr. (1849)
Synonyms[1]

EtymologyEdit

Arrhenia was named for the Swedish botanist Johan Peter Arrhenius.

SpeciesEdit

As of February 2016, Index Fungorum accepts 50 species of Arrhenia:[5]

  • A. acerosa (Fr.) Kühner 1980 – Europe
  • A. alnetorum (Singer) Redhead 1984
  • A. andina (Corner) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. antarctica (Singer) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Antarctica; South Georgia
  • A. auriscalpium (Fr.) Fr. 1849 – Antarctica
  • A. australis (Cleland) Grgur. 1997
  • A. baeospora (Singer) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Great Britain
  • A. chilensis (Mont.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. chlorocyanea (Pat.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Europe; North America
  • A. cupuliformis Henn. 1895
  • A. discorosea (Pilát) Zvyagina, Alexandrova & Bulyonkova 2015
  • A. eburnea Barrasa & V.J.Rico 2003
  • A. elegans (Pers.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. epichysium (Pers.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Great Britain
  • A. fissa (Leyss.) Redhead 1984
  • A. glauca (Batsch) Bon & Courtec. 1987
  • A. griseopallida (Desm.) Watling 1989 – Great Britain
  • A. hohensis (A.H.Sm.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. latispora (J.Favre) Bon & Courtec. 1987
  • A. lobata (Pers.) Kühner & Lamoure ex Redhead 1984 – Europe
  • A. lundellii (Pilát) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. luteopallida (Kuyper & Hauskn.) Barrasa & V.J.Rico 2003
  • A. obatra (J.Favre) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Europe
  • A. obscurata (D.A.Reid) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Great Britain
  • A. omnivora (Agerer) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Antarctica
  • A. onisca (Fr.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Europe
  • A. parvivelutina (Clémençon & Irlet) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. pauxilla (Clémençon) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. peltigerina (Peck) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Great Britain
  • A. philonotis (Lasch) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Great Britain
  • A. pubescentipes (H.E.Bigelow) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. rainierensis (H.E.Bigelow) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. retiruga (Bull.) Redhead 1984 – Europe
  • A. rickenii (Hora) Watling 1989 – Europe
  • A. rigidipes (Lamoure) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. rustica (Fr.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Europe
  • A. salina (Høil.) Bon & Courtec. 1987
  • A. spathulata (Fr.) Redhead 1984 – Europe
  • A. sphaerospora (Lamoure) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. sphagnicola (Berk.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Europe
  • A. stercoraria (Barrasa, Esteve-Rav. & Sánchez Nieto) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. subandina (Singer) P.M.Kirk 2014
  • A. subglobispora (G.Moreno, Heykoop & E.Horak) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. subobscura (Singer) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. tabaresiana (Vila & Llimona) Vila 2009
  • A. trigonospora (Lamoure) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. umbratillis (Fr.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Great Britain
  • A. velutipes (P.D.Orton) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002 – Great Britain
  • A. violaceoviridis (Courtec.) Courtec. 2008
  • A. viridimammata (Pilát) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002
  • A. volkertii (Murrill) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys 2002

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Synonymy: Arrhenia Fr., Summa veg. Scand., Section Post. (Stockholm): 312 (1849)". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2014-02-23.
  2. ^ Redhead, S.A.; et al. (2002a). "Phylogeny of agarics: partial systematics solutions for core omphalinoid genera in the Agaricales (euagarics)". Mycotaxon. 83: 19–57."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-09-20. Retrieved 2009-03-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Redhead, S.A.; et al. (2002b). "Phylogeny of agarics: partial systematics solutions for bryophilous omphalinoid agarics outside of the Agaricales (euagarics)". Mycotaxon. 82: 151–168."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-29. Retrieved 2008-01-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Lodge DJ, Padamsee M, Matheny PB, Aime MC, Cantrell SA, Boertmann D, et al. (2014). "Molecular phylogeny, morphology, pigment chemistry and ecology in Hygrophoraceae (Agaricales)" (PDF). Fungal Diversity. 64 (1): 1–99. doi:10.1007/s13225-013-0259-0. S2CID 220615978.
  5. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 29th January 2016). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2016-02-07.

External linksEdit