Arotinolol

Arotinolol (INN, marketed under the tradename Almarl) is a medication in the class of mixed alpha/beta blockers.[1] It also acts as a β3 receptor agonist.[2] A 1979 publication suggests arotinolol as having first been described in the scientific literature by Sumitomo Chemical as "β-adrenergic blocking, antiarrhythmic compound S-596".[3]

Arotinolol
Arotinolol.svg
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
Routes of
administration
Oral (tablets)
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability2 hours
Elimination half-life10 hours
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC15H21N3O2S3
Molar mass371.54 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
 ☒N☑Y (what is this?)  (verify)

UsesEdit

It is used in the treatment of high blood pressure[4] and essential tremor.[5][6]

Recommended dosage is 10–30 mg per day.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zhao J, Golozoubova V, Cannon B, Nedergaard J (July 2001). "Arotinolol is a weak partial agonist on beta 3-adrenergic receptors in brown adipocytes". Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 79 (7): 585–93. doi:10.1139/cjpp-79-7-585. PMID 11478592. 
  2. ^ Takahashi H, Yoshida T, Nishimura M, Nakanishi T, Kondo M, Yoshimura M (September 1992). "Beta-3 adrenergic agonist, BRL-26830A, and alpha/beta blocker, arotinolol, markedly increase regional blood flow in the brown adipose tissue in anesthetized rats". Japanese Circulation Journal. 56 (9): 936–42. doi:10.1253/jcj.56.936. PMID 1383578.
  3. ^ Hara Y, Sato E, Miyagishi A, Aono S, Nakatani H (1979). "新しいβ-受容体遮断薬,dl-2-(3'-t-Butylamino-2'-hydroxypropylthio)-4-(5'-carbamoyl-2'-thienyl)-thiazole hydrochloride (S-596) の薬理作用" [Pharmacological properties of dl-2-(3'-t-butylamino-2'-hydroxypropylthio)-4-(5'-carbamoyl-2'-thienyl)thiazole hydrochloride (S-596), a new β-adrenergic blocking agent]. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica (English abstract) (in Japanese). 75 (7): 707–720. doi:10.1254/fpj.75.707. ISSN 1347-8397. 
  4. ^ Wu H, Zhang Y, Huang J, Zhang Y, Liu G, Sun N, et al. (September 2001). "Clinical trial of arotinolol in the treatment of hypertension: dippers vs. non-dippers" (PDF). Hypertension Research. 24 (5): 605–10. doi:10.1291/hypres.24.605. PMID 11675958. 
  5. ^ Lee KS, Kim JS, Kim JW, Lee WY, Jeon BS, Kim D (August 2003). "A multicenter randomized crossover multiple-dose comparison study of arotinolol and propranolol in essential tremor". Parkinsonism & Related Disorders. 9 (6): 341–7. doi:10.1016/S1353-8020(03)00029-4. PMID 12853233. 
  6. ^ "Almarl (アルマール) Arotinolol HCl Tablets. Full Prescribing Information" (PDF). Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma Co., Ltd. Retrieved 6 March 2016.

External linksEdit