Arnon Nampa (Thai: อานนท์ นำภา; RTGS: Anon Nampha, also spelt Anon Numpa; born 18 August 1984) is a Thai human rights lawyer and activist. He is renowned in Thailand for openly criticizing the monarchy of Thailand, breaking the country's taboo. He was initially regarded as a prominent human rights defender during his tenure as a human rights lawyer and later accumulated multiple criminal charges due to his active involvement in pro-democracy activism. He is considered to be one of the leading figures of the 2020–2021 Thai protests, co-leading reforms to the monarchy reform movement by non-elite people for first time in Thai history.
|Born||18 August 1984|
Roi Et, Thailand
|Alma mater||Ramkhamhaeng University (LLB)|
Thai Bar Association (BL)
|Known for||2020–2021 Thai protests' co-leader|
|Awards||Jarupong Thongsin for Democracy Award (2020)|
Gwangju Prize for Human Rights (2021)
He was detained without trial in 2020 for 24 days but after Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-o-cha declared to use all laws including Lèse-majesté to the protesters in November 2020, he had been detained for 110 days in first round of remanding. After he received bail just 2 months from June 2021, on 9 August 2021, he has been imprisoned again without trial for 172 days until today.
Rot Et: 1984–2003Edit
Arnon Nampa was born on 18 August 1984 in Thung Khao Luang, former Thawat Buri in a family background rich in agriculture in Roi Et Province. His parents were rice farmers. He studied for secondary education at a top provincial school, Roi Et Wittayalai, gained the nickname "The Little Communist" for his rebellious actions. He wrote a poem, papered all over the school's walls to rebuke and criticize teachers and friends that cooperated tutoring on extra private classes. He protested and collected a list of students that disagreed with class-time change because it would make rural students miss commuting back to their houses.
At that time, the first three-year at his school did not accept female students, but he promised to the students to change that, made him elected as a student council president in 2002. In his presidential year, he presented the 6 October 1976 massacre content on a school board and started 'Sports event: women school - Roi Et school'. He also won the first place in the northeast region for the law questionnaire student competition in that year. Chamlong Daoruang, Roi Et Wittayalai alumni and Free Thai Movement member, was his influencer in his early years.
Arriving in Bangkok: 2003–2007Edit
Having interest in a poetry, he chose the Thai language program in the Faculty of Education of Mahasarakham University in 2003, but the environment did not induce him enough, so he did not enroll. Reading a lot of history of Thammasat University, he sought to be in the Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology Thammasat University, but after two months he decided to leave and studied a law at Ramkhamhaeng University instead.
In 2005, Arnon and most student activists supported People's Alliance for Democracy in 2005–2006 Thai political crisis at the beginning, anti-authoritarian of Thaksin Shinawatra. During 2006 Thai coup d'état, he turned to be anti-coup activist and joined Sombat Bunngam-anong's 19 September Network against Coup d'Etat group as reciting poetry role. He also joined the 'black shirt' protest led by Giles Ji Ungpakorn.
After Arnon graduated with a law degree in 2006, he was conscripted to military for one year by catching a red lottery. In 2007, he passed an exam for a lawyer license before his service ended. He won the first case at Military courts of Thailand which his first client was a drafted military colleague.
Human rights lawyerEdit
Red shirts lawyer: 2007–2010Edit
Arnon started lawyer internship in 2007 at EnLAW Thai Foundation by Surachai Trongngam, practicing human rights defend cases such as Sahaviriya steel mill project protests in Bang Saphan District, police crackdown on Thai-Malay gas pipeline project protest, and Charoen Wat-akson assassination-related Bo-Nok and Ban-Krut coal power plant protest, gained him an awareness of problems over human rights violation to people. In 2008, his internship ended and he went out on a trial by himself. He received a Barrister degree from the Thai Bar Association in 2009.
Amid the Centre for Resolution of Emergency Situation, army group that took over the country after the 2010 red shirts crackdown occurring, Arnon became Sombat Bunngam-anong's the Red Sunday Group's lawyer, named by some media as 'Red Sunday lawyer'. His ability in handling the court cases earned him the nickname of 'lawyer for the Red Shirts'. He became a lawyer of the monarchy defamation cases because of the political crisis, red shirt activists who disagreed with the 2010 coup were charged with lèse-majesté. His early help on the cases were Chotisak Onsoong case, Suwicha Thakor case.
Ratsadornprasong Law Office: 2011–2014Edit
In 2011, Arnon started his pro bono law practice, the 'Ratsadornprasong Law Office', with other two lawyers to help red-shirts protesters for almost 100 cases, and people who had been charged with lèse-majesté from a political conflict. The firm notable cases and works were the burning of the Mukdahan Provincial Offices case with over twenty defendants, charges were dismissed leter in 2019. His firm also helped poor defendant families' welfares and a reparation on other detained red shirts defendants. He helped in the 'Uncle SMS' Ampon Tangnoppakul case, Thantawut or 'Noom Rednont', Joe Gordon on a translation of The King Never Smiles book. The firm helped operating the People's Information Center: The April-May 2010 Crackdowns (PIC) and involved in 'Nuamthong' movie
The firm ended in 2013 because the political crisis was unfolding before the 2014 Thai coup d'état occurred. It became 'Ratsadornprasong fund' to bail out political activists from strict military regime prosecution and it has been helped political activists until today.
Two days after the 2014 Thai coup d'état, Arnon and lawyer friends found Thai Lawyers for Human Rights (TLHR) to tackle with arrested, summoned, detained by the military junta, including cases in military court. He positioned himself to be a freelance lawyer and receiving cases from TLHR. Later, he pursued a career as a human rights lawyer and went onto to defend court cases on behalf of prominent high-profile activists, including Aekachai Hongkangwan, Phai Dao-din.
Resistant Citizen: 2014–2017Edit
Arnon co-founded the Resistant Citizen group in January 2015 after he organized many experiment protests and the 'Coup Down People Rise 2015' party, a symbolic event at the Democracy Monument on 31 December 2014. The group released a couple of YouTube parodies and performance arts about the coup, in which he played the main role in 'Chub Yei Chan-O-Cha' (Kiss to mock the moon O-Cha). The moon in Thai is 'Chan', he dressed Prayut Chan-o-cha military uniform in the parody music video.
The Resistant Citizen group set up the 'Election that We (Love) was Stolen' event at Bangkok Art and Culture Centre on Valentine's Day, 14 February. They wanted to create a space where people can speak their minds after the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), the military junta came to silence Thai people for almost a year. They staged a mock election to recall the 2 Feb 2014 election which was rescinded, attracting about 300 people. Arnon, Siravich Sereethiwat, Punsak Srithep, and Wannakiat Chusuwan were arrested and charged by Army Col Burin Thongprapai with violating the military junta order prohibiting an assembly of more than five people. He was bailed out after being detained one night at Phayathai police station. He gained a lot of attention from the news, "Many months have passed, half of my friends in a jail, other half fled to other countries." when asking about the pressure he got after an arrest. He was also charged under a computer crime laws for Facebook messages he posted.
His group organized another event in March 2015, 'I Walk Therefore I Am'. Arnon and another 3 defendants walked 3 days from Bangbuathong to Patumwan police station to protest that civilians should not face military court. It was called the landmark case from the Human Right Watch that could shake strict military rule.
Arnon was arrested a second time in 2015, on the train traveling from Bangkok Noi to Rajabhakti Park, led by Siravich of the Democracy Studies Group. The campaign "Taking a train to Rajabhakti Park to throw light on graft techniques" is to look into alleged corruption during park construction. Army troops intercepted a train carrying student activists and disconnected their carriage from the train at Ban Pong Station, Ratchaburi. He and other 37 activists were taken to the National Office of Buddhism in Phutthamonthon park, later in the night, they were released. He was detained in Bangkok Remand Prison on 25 April 2016 by the court prosecution of a military judge advocate, Col.Burin Thongprapai, complainant, and later released by bail.  At the end of 2019, the court withdrew an accusation.
On 31 October 2015, he was charged under Public Assembly Act for using an amplifier without permission during the activity to recognize the death of Nuamthong Praiwan. He was fined for 200 baht by Pol Col Attawit Saisueb, Deputy Chief of Metropolitan Police Division One.
On 19 and 27 April 2016, he and the Resistan Citizen group invited people to stand, literally, at the Victory Monument to protest military harassment against activists. He and other 15 activists were arrested for a Protesting Act violation on both days. In 2019, the court ordered fining him 1,000 baht.
Aside from activism, he took on a lot of lese majeste cases that spiking in the year after the coup, such as '30 years in jail' for posting insulting to the monarchy. He was also a lawyer of Thanakorn Siripaiboon who was charged with infamous lese majeste related to the King's dog, 'Tongdaeng', and Siravich's mother, who was charged 15 years in prison for 'Ja' Facebook message reply. Thanet Anantawong, the Dao Din group, and Jatupat Boonpattararaksa were also his clients.
In late 2017, continuing working as a human rights activist, he communicated human rights stories on his Facebook account and eventually criticized the court for punishing his particular group of clients by restricting them from seeing each other. He said that the court had no right to order that. On 5 December, he was charged with violating the Computer Crime Act and contempt of court by Lt.Col.Supharat Kam-in. He denied all charges and believed it was politically motivated against exercising rights to freedom of expression. Human rights NGOs demanded military junta to stop a strategic litigation against public participation (SLAPPs). Front Line Defenders condemned the military junta on judicial harassment of him, strongly believed it was linked to his human rights lawyer duty, and demanded junta drop all charges against him.
Demanding an election: 2018–2019Edit
On 27 January 2018, a group of activists demanding a general election, Arnon, Sirawit Seritiwat, Nutta Mahattana, Rangsiman Rome, Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal, Ekachai Hongkangwan, and Sukrid Peansuwan were charged at Pratumwan Skywalk with political gatherings more than four and committed acts of incitement against the state by the same person who charged him in 2015, Col.Burin Thongprapai.
On 10 February 2018, Arnon, Sirivich, and Rangsiman led 200-500 protesters at the Democracy Monument to demand a general election within the year 2018 and to criticize Prayut and Prawit Wongsuwan. The police charged him and 6 individuals that the authorities are seen as the leader and had informed sedition accusation under the order of the head of NCPO no.3/2015. On 23 July 2019, the charge was drop.
He and activists organized a political rally of the people who want an election at the army headquarter and the UN Building on 24 March and 22 May 2018, the authorities also informed sedition accusation to him. Later in October, he was charged again on the Computer Crime Act for sharing Rajaphakti plan and pressing the like button to Tongdeang the King's dog parody case in Facebook.
On 6 January 2019, he led a demonstration calling to stop postponing a general election at the Victory Monument. After 2019 Thai general election ended, he protested every day for a week to Office of Election Commission of Thailand which prosecuting critics that criticized counting process and confused initial results by just standing. Unofficial results, which typically would be known by the same night and announced the next morning, were repeatedly delayed for 44 days. 
Reforms to the monarchy: 2019–2020Edit
On 30 September 2019, King Maha Vajiralongkorn ordered an emergency decree as a result two infantry regiments were removed from the Royal Thai Army's chain of command and placed under the Royal Security Command to consolidate his personal authority. All personnel, assets, and operating budgets were likewise transferred to the agency. On 14 October, Arnon posted an open letter to the House of Representatives on Facebook, urged to open a discussion and vote on disapproval of it. He explained it was contrary to Article 172 of the Constitution because it is not an urgent matter and it is an extension of the military power of the monarchy that would break the democratic system, which normally military power should be under the cabinet executive to be able to check and balance by the National Assembly of Thailand and the Judiciary of Thailand. Later, an emergency decree passed but 70 representatives from Future Forward Party which later dissolved by the Constitutional Court led by Piyabutr Saengkanokkul voted against it.
On 16 June 2020, after he was accused of Computer Crime violation again by an unknown person, posting about the monarchy budget on Facebook. He filed a letter to Prayuth Chan-O-Cha, demanded to explain and investigate the monarchy budget, and urged to distribute a fraction of it to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis.
On 24 June, Arnon and the DRG organized a pre-dawn protest at the Democracy Monument across the nation, to commemorate the 1932 revolt which ended the absolute monarchy and started democracy system. These events were trending number 1 on a Twitter platform but later they were charged with several minor violations.
On 18 July, the student group Free Youth Movement organized a public demonstration that drew more than 2,000 protesters at the Democracy Monument. He reminded protesters to support prisoners convicted under the lèse-majesté law, and Tiwagorn Withiton who posted a picture of himself wearing the viral “I lost faith in the monarchy” t-shirt then was forcibly admitted to a psychiatric hospital. He called for the dissolution of parliament because of an unfair election and dissolving of the Future Forward Party, for officials to stop threatening citizens, and drafting a new constitution that appointing 250 junta senators to vote for himself to be prime minister. Later on 20 July, he addressed in front of the Royal Thai Army, demanded the army to stop harassing activists, repeal the junta senate, and stop a coup amnesty.
Breaking the tabooEdit
In mid-2020, despite openly criticizing the monarchy and protesting on social media was active, such as Tiwagorn case, but no one had tried in public speaking. Eventually, on Monday evening of 3 August 2020, Arnon Nampa openly criticized the monarchy in front of 200 protesters dressed as a wizard for a Harry Potter-themed protest at the Democracy Monument. It was regarded as the first time in Thai history, calling for the monarchy powers to be curbed in unusually frank public speech. Only Somsak Jeamteerasakul had done it but in closed academic seminars and public articles, other case is Daranee Charnchoengsilpakul comments against the monarchy during a speech at the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship political rally in 2008 Thai political crisis.
He stressed that he wanted to reform the constitutional monarchy, not overthrow, and focusing on the asset transfer from the Crown Property Bureau to the personal belonging of the King. He also questioned the King's decision to transfer two military units to his command which was not a democratic, constitutional monarchy. He accused King Maha Vajiralongkorn of creating unprecedented changes in the constitution. He told the media that he spoke candidly, to honor his integrity, the integrity of the audience, and out of respect for the monarchy.
On 5 August, Apiwat Kanthong, the lawyer of Prayuth Chan-O-Cha, filed a complaint for the crime of lèse-majesté and removing him from a member of the Lawyers Council. On 7 August, the Samranrat Police arrested him and Panupong Jadnok with sedition after the 18 July, Free Youth protest. Later that day Arnon and Panupong were dragged by police officers from the Criminal Court to a police vehicle and taken to the Huai Khwang Police Station. He and Panupong were released by bail on the evening of 8 August by the Criminal Court order. On the next day, he continued giving out speech again in the Chiang Mai protest.
He gave an interview later that the students wanted to do this before but they asked him to start the movement. He told that a reaction from the protesters and the police were thrilled, silent, and worried about him. Some media deleted live streaming of his speech.
A week later from the historic speech from Arnon, on 10 August 2020, there was a revolutionary rally at Thammasat University, regarding by BBC analyst, Rangsit campus in Pathum Thani Province named "ธรรมศาสตร์จะไม่ทน." (lit. Thammasat will not tolerate.). Penguin or Parit Chiwarak wrote the revolutionary 10 monarchy reform manifestos, adapted from Somsak Jeamteerasakul writing and let Panusaya Sithijirawattanakul readout, without fear from abduction and murder. In front of more than 1,000 protesters, Arnon also repeatedly gave out a monarchy reform speech again.
Despite monarchy reforms demand protest earlier, 7 days later in the biggest anti-government protest on 17 August by the Free Youth group was different. They demanded only the government to resign, to dissolve the parliament and to hold a new general election under a revised constitution. Drawing more than 20,000 people at the Democracy Monument, Arnon said about "the biggest dream of seeing the monarchy stay alongside Thai society", rather than unattached above it.
He was arrested again on 19 August at night for sedition, Assembly Act, Computer Crime Act on Harry Potter-themed speech. He spent a night in Chanasongkram Police Station, was released on bail in the morning. The police searched his house to find illegal evidence but found nothing. On 25 August, he was arrested again for sedition over his speech on 10 August and was released on bail. Later 1 September, he reported that the state official harassed him by visiting his grandmother house.
On 3 September 2020, the court revoked the bail appeal of Arnon and Panupong Jadnok, and they were remanded until further notice. The court ruled that both of them had breached their bail terms by taking part in protests. Arnon was immediately re-detained, the court justified this on the theory “in order to prevent the offender to cause other harms.” Being detained for 5 days, on September 7, the police withdrew the request. He and Panupong were released. The Clooney Foundation for Justice called it an unlawful bail condition.
Eventually, Arnon, Panupong, Panusaya, Parit, and prominent activists such as Pai Dao Din, organized 19-20 September protest at front of the Grand Palace's Sanam Luang drawing around 18,000 - 50,000 protesters, established main goal of 2020-2021 Thai protests, to curbing the palace's powers. He was regarded as one of the leaders since then. He repeated his monarchy reform goal "Unless the monarchy is under the constitution, we will never achieve true democracy," and "the country belongs to the people, not the monarchy". The leaders placed a commemorative brass plaque, 'second Khana Ratsadon plaque', to remind the 1932 revolution that ended absolute monarchy. They have been called 'Ratsadon' by media.
On Wednesday 14 October, the 47th anniversary of a major student-led 1973 Thai popular uprising, Arnon and other Ratsadon leaders organized a marching protest to the Government House, drawing around 8,000 protesters. It was a general strike planned by them. He led a mass on the truck from the Democracy Monument. Later on the morning of 15 October, he was forcibly taken by a special commando unit without a lawyer to the Chiang Mai Police Station, facing sedition charges by Apiwat Kanthong, Prayuth Chan-O-Cha's lawyer, complaining to Pol. Col. Phuwanat Duangdee for a speech on stage about the monarchy in Chiang Mai and Pathum Thani.
On 16 October, he wrote on a plain paper to the court that a judicial process, order, judging are unfair. He had believed in Thai judicial before, so he decided to study law. But in his experiences, he found that a judicial process is a part of a dictatorship. He believes that someday the court will rethink about it and get back to stand with Thai society. The protest escalated on 16 October when the police fired a water cannon at a large crowd at the Pathumwan intersection.
He had been detained at Chiang Mai Central Prison until 27 October, he was released by 200,000 baht bail but Pol Lt Col Chok-amnuay Wongboonrit, Chana Songkhram police, arrested him straight away for sedition and ruining archaeological site in '19-20 September protest'. He was then taken to the Bangkok Remand Prison. In the evening, the Criminal Court denied bail for him on the grounds that he might cause unrest. 
Being in prison for 19 days since 15 October, he was released on the midnight 2 November along with political activists, Somyot Prueksakasemsuk, and Ekkachai Hongkangwan, making him a jail time total 24 days this year without the court verdict.
On 17 November, Arnon and Rasadon group led the protesters to the Sappaya-Sapasathan parliament, to pressure on parliament to accept the constitution amendment bill sponsored by civil group iLaw. The police used the water cannon to fire a teargas liquid, causing many protesters injured. At the end, the police ran back and let the mass gather in front of the parliament. He called demonstrators to gather at Ratchaprasong Intersection on 18 November, he said to fight face to face to the monarchy. That day, the protesters sprayed a paint around the police headquarter, insulting the monarchy.
On 19 November, Prayuth Chan-o-cha promised to use 'all laws' against the protesters, including Lèse-majesté law or Article 112, but the protests had taken place almost every day from October to November. Arnon was also received a summons for lese majeste in addition to other charges. Clooney Foundation for Justice Initiative called on the Thai government to dismiss these charges against him and others to stop sanctions on free speech and peaceful assembly.
Arnon and the Ratsadon led the protesters to protest at SCB banking company owned by Vajiralongkorn on 25 November, Bangkok army barrack on 29 November. All venues were related to reforms to the monarchy. On 3 December, he still spoke directly to the king that he should stay in the 'the King can do no wrong' idea. He stated to take a break during New Year's holidays and will continue the rally in 2021 with more escalation.
On 14 January 2021, Arnon was recognized by the South Korea's May 18 Memorial Foundation by winning the 2021 Gwangju Prize for Human Rights from his human rights legal contribution, anti-authoritarian activisms and his call for the monarchy reform. He is the third person from Thailand after Angkhana Neelaphaijit and Pai Dao Din.
Imprisonment without trial: 2021–Edit
Bangkok Remand Prison: February–JuneEdit
Nevertheless, on 9 February 2021, Arnon and the Ratsadon group Parit, Patipan Luecha, and Somyot were arrested and detained again, charges of lese majeste and 10 other offenses, including sedition, over 19-20 September protest by Pol Lt Col Chok-amnuay Wongboonrit, Chana Songkhram police. The court denied them bail, remanded them in the Bangkok Remand Prison. US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan expressed concern. United Nations human rights experts condemned on rising lese-majeste cases. After the Court of Appeal, The court rejected a request and cited their disrespect for the monarchy and they posed a flight risk. In front of Bangkok Remand Prison, Prachak Kongkirati, Yukti Mukdawichit, Boonlert Wisetpreecha from Thammasat University and Puangthong Pawakrapan from Chulalongkorn University claiming to represent 255 lecturers at 31 universities and educations read out a statement calling for their release. Human Rights Watch said that the country may returns to the dark days by abusing the law and demanded the Thai government to conform with Thailand's international human rights law obligations.
His lawyers tried to appeal many occasions but all were denied with the same reason by the court. By the time, he was jailed awaiting trial. He was prosecuted for 21 cases, 11 of lese majeste cases.
On 15 March, Arnon wrote the petition, fear of death threat, to the Criminal Court while he was temporarily released to perform his lawyer duty, that prison officials tried four times to take Jatupat and Panupong out to test COVID-19 at night which was an unusual time. Arnon found it suspicious and there was rumours that they will be sent to hurt or kill.
On 8 April, Arnon, Jatupat and Somyot signed a letter expressing their intention to withdraw their lawyer from the trial because he cited lack of due fairness in the court so was therefore no longer required to defend them. While Patipan was released by bail, Parit and Panusaya had committed hunger strike until he get a bail.
Arnon infected with the coronavirus in custody and sent to the prison hospital on 6 May.
110 days after being detained without the court verdict, on 6 June, he was given bail 200,000 baht on conditions that include refraining from defaming the monarchy and inciting non-peaceful event along with Panupong. He was immediately treated in hospital after he had infected the coronavirus.
Bangkok Remand Prison: August–Edit
On 3 August, Arnon Nampa gave a critical speech once again on the front of Bangkok Art and Culture Centre to commemorate 'Harry Potter themed' last year. This time he demanded a revoke of Article 112 law and transferring of public asset from the King back to the previous status.  He has been in jail since 9 August until today on lese majeste charges.
On 10 November, the Constitutional Court ruled that Arnon's speech, calling for reforms of the monarchy in 'Thammasat will not tolerate' rally on 10 August 2020, aimed to overthrow the state and the monarchy in their speeches. The court ordered him and other protest groups to end all monarchy reform movements, as Arnon never had a chance to prove the wrongdoing in the court because he had been in the jail.
Personality and personal lifeEdit
Born in a rice field, he often recalled a natural and rural feeling of a rice field and agriculture. He convinced himself to be 'Arnon' in Caravan 'phleng phuea chiwit' album 'Arnon' (1988), Sai Sima character in Seni Saowaphong novel Pisat (1994), characters in Komtuan Khantanu and Naowarat Pongpaiboon's books. His Facebook profile photo was Chit Phumisak.
Poetry & art worksEdit
Awards & honorsEdit
- Post, The Jakarta. "Three activists who break Thailand's deepest taboo". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- "คุม 'ทนายอานนท์ - ไมค์' ส่งศาลแล้วทั้งคู่ ทามกลางมวลชนนับร้อย". bangkokbiznews.com. 7 August 2020. Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- "อานนท์ นำภา: ทนายและจำเลยที่คิดถึง" [Arnon Nampa: Lawyer and defendant that we miss.]. Prachatai (in Thai). 21 February 2021.
- "ประธานนักเรียนสาย NGOs และทนายของประชาชน: อานนท์ นำภาในมุมของเพื่อนมัธยม และเพื่อนทนาย" [NGO student president and lawyer of the people: Arnon Nampa from friend's viewpoint]. The MATTER (in Thai). 25 May 2021.
- "The Isaander กินลาบกับทนายอานนท์" [Eat Lab with lawyer Arnon]. TheIsaander (in Thai). 4 February 2020.
- "คุยกับทนายสิทธิคนโสด อานนท์ นำภา" [Interview with a single human rights lawyer: Arnon Nampa]. Pepperoni News (in Thai). 7 September 2017.
- "อานนท์ นำภา: ลูกชาวนาผู้ตั้งคำถามสถาบันกษัตริย์" [Arnon Nampa: A farmer son who question the monarchy]. BBC News ไทย (in Thai). BBC.
- ศรีดี, เบญจพร (6 February 2021). "ค้นตัวตน ชีวิต ความรักของ "อานนท์ นำภา" เจ้าของรางวัลกวางจูเพื่อสิทธิมนุษยชน" [Finding Arnon's life and love: Gwangju Prize for Human Rights laureate]. มติชนสุดสัปดาห์ (in Thai).
- "บทกวีถึง "มหาตุลาการ"" [Poetry to a judge]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 3 September 2010.
- ""อานนท์ นำภา"ทนายแดงอุทธรณ์ "พท.-นปช. ทิ้งเหยื่อโดนขังลืม"" [Arnon Nampa left defendant in jail]. สำนักข่าวอิศรา (in Thai). 26 March 2012.
- "ยอดลงขันผ่านแสนหนุนสนง.กม.ราษฎรประสงค์ เพื่อนฝรั่งลั่น'นักโทษเสื้อแดงรอด=พวกเรารอด'" [Donation over 100,000 baht to Ratsadornprasong law office: farang friend declares 'red shirts survive=we survive'] (in Thai). Archived from the original on 11 August 2011.
- "ความเคลื่อนไหวในเรื่องหนังลุงนวมทอง". www.thongthailand.com.
- "กองทุนราษฎรประสงค์: ถ้าประเทศเป็นประชาธิปไตย การประกันตัวจะเป็นสิทธิ เงินประกันจะเป็นสวัสดิการ" ['Ratsadornprasong fund': If Thailand was democracy country, bail money would be a social welfare]. The MATTER (in Thai). 23 September 2021.
- "วันแห่งความ "ลัก" ที่แสนยาวนาน" [Love was 'stolen' for a long time]. Freedom of Expression Documentation Center (in Thai). 28 February 2015.
- "จัดกิจกรรม 'เลือกตั้งที่ลัก' หน้าหอศิลป์ นักกิจกรรมโดนรวบหลายราย" ['Election that We (Love) was Stolen' activists arrested]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 14 February 2015.
- ""ทนายอานนท์" ปลุกพลเมืองสู้ความกลัว" [Lawyer Arnon wake people up from fear]. Post Today (in Thai). Bangkok Post. 22 February 2015.
- "Four Thai activists to face military court in 'landmark case'". Reuters. 16 March 2015.
- "ศาลทหารสั่งฟ้อง "จ่านิว" กับพวกรวม 6 คน คดี "นั่งรถไฟไปอุทยานราชภักดิ์"" [The court charges Ja New and other 5 for 'Train to Rajabhakti']. Thai PBS (in Thai). 25 April 2016.
- "8 จำเลยพ้นข้อหา "นั่งรถไฟไปส่องโกงราชภักดิ์" เหตุยกเลิกความผิดชุมนุมทางการเมือง" [8 defendants clear from an accusition]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 15 February 2019.
- "อานนท์: ชุมนุมรำลึกนวมทอง" [Anon: Assembly for commemoration of Nuamthong]. freedom.ilaw.or.th (in Thai). Retrieved 9 October 2021.
- "เจ้าหน้าที่ล้อมจับ 'ทนายอานนท์' พร้อมพวก นัดยืนเฉยๆ ค้านทหารอุ้มประชาชน" [Officials besieges and arrests protesters]. มติชนออนไลน์ (in Thai). 27 April 2016.
- "Man jailed for 30 years in Thailand for insulting the monarchy on Facebook". the Guardian. 7 August 2015.
- "Thai man faces jail for insulting king's dog with 'sarcastic' internet post". the Guardian. 15 December 2015.
- "Woman faces prison for two-word Facebook reply". The Independent. 10 May 2016.
- "ทนายอานนท์ ถูกแจ้งความดูหมิ่นศาลพ่วงพ.ร.บ.คอมพิวเตอร์" [Arnon was charged with violating the Computer Crime Act and contempt of court]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 14 December 2017.
- "4 องค์กรสิทธิฯ ขอ จนท. ยุติฟ้องคดี ทนายอานนท์" [Four human rights NGOs demand junta to stop pressing charge Arnon]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 15 December 2017.
- "Thailand: Human rights lawyer facing charges of contempt of court over social media post". Front Line Defenders. 16 January 2018.
- Rojanaphruk, Pravit (30 January 2018). "Junta Orders Pro-Democracy Leaders Charged With Inciting Rebellion". Khaosod English.
- "เงินประกันคนละ 1 แสน ปล่อยตัว 3 แกนนำ "คนอยากเลือกตั้ง"" [100,000 baht bail per person, release 3 leaders]. BBC News ไทย (in Thai). 10 February 2018.
- "การชุมนุมของกลุ่มคนอยากเลือกตั้งที่ถนนราชดำเนิน #RDN50 (คดีผู้ร่วมชุมนุม)" [Political rally of the people who want an election at Ratchadamnoen #RDN50]. freedom.ilaw.or.th (in Thai).
- "ศาลทหารนัดไต่สวน 'อานนท์' เหตุเผยแพร่คำเบิกความคดีแชร์ผังราชภักดิ์-โพสต์เสียดสี 'ทองแดง'" [Military court summoned Arnon for Computer Crime of sharing Rajaphakti Plan and Tongdaeng parody]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 3 October 2018.
- "รวมตัวชุมนุมที่อนุสาวรีย์ชัยสมรภูมิย้ำ คสช.-กกต. หยุดยื้อเลือกตั้ง" [Gathering at Victory Monument to stop postponing an election]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 6 January 2019.
- "'ทนายอานนท์' จัดยืนเฉยๆ ประท้วง กกต. ที่อนุสาวรีย์ชัยฯต่อ เผย 17 เม.ย.มายืนใหม่" [Just standing protesting the EC]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 12 April 2019.
- "อนาคตใหม่ เสียงแตก "งดออกเสียง" หรือ "คว่ำ" พ.ร.ก. โอนหน่วยทหาร" [Council meeting: New future shows "abstain" approval of the Royal Decree as the Act on the transfer of the 1st - 11th Infantry Regiment to the royal government]. BBC News ไทย (in Thai). 15 October 2019.
- "Thai opposition protests emergency troop transfer to king". Reuters. 17 October 2019.
- "อานนท์ นำภา : "รู้ว่าเสี่ยงแต่ต้องทำ"" [Arnon Nampa: Human rights lawyers call to investigate the use of budgets related to the monarchy]. BBC News ไทย (in Thai). 19 June 2020.
- "Thailand pro-democracy protesters mark end of absolute monarchy". Reuters. 24 June 2020.
- "#24มิถุนา ขึ้นอันดับ 1 เทรนด์ทวิตเตอร์ : ประมวลภาพรำลึกช่วงเช้า ที่ กทม. ขอนแก่น และอุบลฯ" [#24June trending no.1 on Twitter]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 24 June 2020.
- "Students lead mass protest against dictatorship at Democracy Monument". Prachatai English. 20 July 2020.
- "ประท้วงหน้า ทบ. ยัน 'ไม่มุ้งมิ้ง' 'ทนายอานนท์' ขอกองทัพหยุดคุกคาม ปชช.-นำ ส.ว.ออกไปจากระบบ" [Arnon urges to stop harassing people-repeal the senate]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 20 July 2020.
- "Thailand protesters openly criticise monarchy in Harry Potter-themed rally". the Guardian. 4 August 2020.
- "Thai protests: Lawyer Anon Nampa among nine arrested in sweep against activists". BBC News. 20 August 2020.
- "Two activists under arrest for sedition, violating Emergency Decree". Prachatai English. 7 August 2020.
- "Exclusive อานนท์ นำภา - "ผมภาวนาให้สถาบันกษัตริย์ปรับตัว"". The 101 World. 20 September 2020.
- Reed, John (6 November 2020). "Inside Thailand's youth revolution". Financial Times.
- "Thailand protests: Risking it all to challenge the monarchy". BBC News. 14 August 2020.
- "Thousands of protesters surround Thailand's Government House". Nikkei Asia. 14 October 2020.
- Beech, Hannah (16 August 2020). "Protests Grow in Thailand, Where Speaking Out Can Be Perilous". The New York Times.(Subscription required.)
- "ทนายอานนท์ถูกจับคดีแฮรี่ พอตเตอร์ ข้อหายุยงปลุกปั่น-พ.ร.บ.ชุมนุมฯ-พ.ร.บ.คอมฯ-เครื่องขยายเสียง". prachatai.com (in Thai). 19 August 2020.
- "Activist Arnon arrested again over rally calling for reform of monarchy". Bangkok Post. 25 August 2020.
- "ถามนายอำเภอ ไปบ้านยายของทนายอานนท์ทำไม?". prachatai.com (in Thai). 1 September 2020.
- "Thailand to jail protest activists for bail breach". BBC News. 3 September 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- "Statement On The Bail Conditions For Arnon Nampa And Panupong Jadnok In Thailand" (PDF). Clooney Foundation for Justice. 17 September 2020.
- "Biggest Thai protest in years cheers calls to reform monarchy". Reuters. 19 September 2020.
- "Pre-trial hearings today for 22 Ratsadon core leaders and followers". www.thaipbsworld.com. 15 March 2021.
- "ผู้การเชียงใหม่ เผย "อานนท์-ประสิทธิ์" มีหมายจับจากคดีชุมนุมเมื่อ 9 ส.ค." www.thairath.co.th (in Thai). 15 October 2020.
- "ทนายอานนท์ ตัดสินใจไม่ประกัน กังวลขั้นตอนส่งตัวและเสียเงินประกัน เตรียมคัดค้านฝากขังครั้งที่ 2 ศูนย์ทนายความเพื่อสิทธิมนุษยชน" [Lawyer Arnon decides not to bail him out, it wastes the money] (in Thai). 22 October 2020.
- Limited (16 October 2020). "Water cannon used on protesters". Bangkok Post.
- "Arnon released, re-arrested on fresh charge". Bangkok Post. 27 October 2020.
- "'อานนท์-สมยศ-เอกชัย' ยันเดินหน้าสู้ต่อ จุดยืนเดิม ให้เครดิตพลังประชาชนเปิดประตูคุก" [Arnon-Somyot-Ekkachai still fight, credit to people power]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 3 November 2020.
- "Timeline of Tuesday's protests around Parliament". nationthailand. 17 November 2020.
- Beech, Hannah; Jirenuwat, Ryn (18 November 2020). "'Now, We Fight Face to Face': Thailand's Protests Shatter Taboos". The New York Times.
- "PM Prayuth promises to use 'all laws' against Thai protesters". www.aljazeera.com. 19 November 2020.
- "Thai police to charge protest leaders with royal insult". Reuters. 24 November 2020.
- "Thailand Threatens Protest Leaders with Lese Majeste Charges". Clooney Foundation For Justice. 24 November 2020.
- "อานนท์ นำภา ความหวังให้สถาบันพระมหากษัตริย์ปกเกล้าแต่ไม่ปกครอง 2 ธ.ค. 63" [Arnon Nampa for the hope of the king can do no wrong]. prachatai.com (in Thai). 3 December 2020.
- "Thai protesters to pause for now and return next year". Reuters. 14 December 2020.
- "Anon Nampa awarded the 2021 Gwangju Prize for Human Rights". Prachatai English. 14 January 2021.
- "Thai activists jailed pending trial for royal insults". Reuters. 9 February 2021.
- "No bail for protest leaders". Bangkok Post. 16 February 2021.
- "The 4 "Ratsadon" leading figures bail denial is a breach of presumption of innocence". Prachatai English. 12 February 2021.
- "Factbox: Criminal cases mount against Thailand's protest leaders". Reuters. 8 March 2021.
- "Arnon questions prison's nighttime Covid testing". Bangkok Post. 16 March 2021.
- "Patiwat gets bail as protest cohorts stew". Bangkok Post. 10 April 2021.
- "Arnon contracts Covid in custody". Bangkok Post. 6 May 2021.
- "Thai court approves bail for protest leaders jailed over royal insult". Reuters. 1 June 2021.
- "กลุ่มทะลุฟ้า จัดงาน "24 มิถุนา ตื่นเช้ามาสานต่อภารกิจคณะราษฎร" ครบรอบ 89 ปี อภิวัฒน์สยาม". prachatai.com (in Thai).
- Wongcha-um, Panu; Thepgumpanat, Panarat (3 August 2021). "A year after taboo on Thai king broken, 103 face jail for royal insult". Reuters.
- "Thailand: Arbitrary detention of eight pro-democracy activists". International Federation for Human Rights. 12 August 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
- "Constitutional Court rules activists aimed to overthrow monarchy". Bangkok Post. Bangkok Post. 10 November 2021.
- "เหมือนบอดใบ้ไพร่ฟ้ามาสุดทาง". อ่าน (in Thai).
- "รายชื่อกวีนิพนธ์และรายชื่อกรรมการซีไรต์ 2556" [S.E.A. Write Award nomination]. www.thaipoet.net (in Thai). 2013.
- Faiyen (6 December 2017). ชาวนาเฮี้ยน [Farmer] (song). Faiyen.
- Media related to Anon Nampa at Wikimedia Commons