Arnoldists were a Proto-Protestant Christian movement in the 12th century, named after Arnold of Brescia,[1] an advocate of ecclesiastical reform who criticized the great wealth and possessions of the Roman Catholic Church,[2] while preaching against infant baptism and Transubstantiation.[3] His disciples were also called "Publicans" or "Poplecans", a name probably deriving from Paulicians (The term "Publicani" would be generally used for any heretic, even a political traitor, through Europe).[4] The Arnoldists were condemned as heretics by Pope Lucius III in Ad abolendam during the Synod of Verona in 1184.[5]

Remains of Arnold of Brescia burned at the stake at the hands of the Papal guards

Their tenets would later be addressed by Bonacursus of Milan, c. 1190, in his Manifestatio haeresis Catharorum, which refuted Arnoldist apostolic poverty and the incapacity of sinful priests to administer the sacraments.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Russell 1992, p. 47.
  2. ^ Russell 1992, p. 35.
  3. ^ A Brief Sketch of the History of the Foreign Baptists By G. H. ORCHARD 1842
  4. ^ Garsoïan, Nina G. (1967). The Paulician heresy: a study of the origin and development of Paulicianism in Armenia and the Eastern Provinces of the Byzantine empire. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 13–26. ISBN 978-3-11-134452-2.
  5. ^ Lambert 1977, p. 72.
  6. ^ Lambert 1977, p. 59.