Arnold S. Relman
Arnold Seymour Relman (June 17, 1923 – June 17, 2014) — known as Bud Relman to intimates — was an American internist and professor of medicine and social medicine. He was editor of The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) from 1977 to 1991, where he instituted two important policies: one asking the popular press not to report on articles before publication and another requiring authors to disclose conflicts of interest. He wrote extensively on medical publishing and reform of the U.S. health care system, advocating non-profit delivery of single-payer health care. Relman ended his career as professor emeritus at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts.
Arnold S. Relman
|Born||June 17, 1923|
Queens, New York, US
|Died||June 17, 2014 (aged 91)|
Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
|Alma mater||College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University|
|Known for||Editor of The New England Journal of Medicine|
|Fields||Internal medicine, social medicine|
|Institutions||The New England Journal of Medicine|
Relman was born in Queens, New York, in 1923.
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He was educated at Cornell University and the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University. After Medical school, he contracted tuberculosis. Although an antibiotic called streptomycin had finally been developed by that time, Relman eschewed the opportunity to use it as he feared its side effects which were most toxic. The years of rest without streptomycin delayed his career and during this time he read Thomas Mann's novel "Magic Mountain" about the experience of patients in a tuberculosis sanitarium. The work affected him greatly and he never failed to recommend the work to medical students on his service. He was first professor at Boston University School of Medicine, then Frank Wister Thomas professor of medicine and chair of the department of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (now the Perelman School of Medicine), and finally a professor at Harvard School of Medicine.
Relman was the only person to have been president of the American Federation for Clinical Research, the American Society for Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians. In 1988 he was awarded Honorary Fellowship by the New York University School of Medicine.
Relman died in Cambridge, Massachusetts of melanoma in 2014 at the age of 91. He and his wife Marcia Angell, also a NEJM editor and the first woman to serve as its editor-in-chief, had a son David Relman, a physician and professor at Stanford University School of Medicine.
On for-profit health careEdit
Relman was an uncompromising critic of the American health care system as a profit-driven industry. He once said, "The medical profession is being bought by the pharmaceutical industry, not only in terms of the practice of medicine, but also in terms of teaching and research. The academic institutions of this country are allowing themselves to be the paid agents of the pharmaceutical industry. I think it’s disgraceful."
He coined the term "medical–industrial complex." He deplored the increasing treatment of health care in the US as a "market commodity" distributed according to a patient's ability to pay, not medical need. He believed that the solution would come only by two fundamental structural reforms: implementation of a single-payer financing system like Medicare without investor-owned private insurance companies and provision of a non-profit delivery system, with multi-specialty groups of physicians paid by salary within a preset budget.
In 1999, Relman participated in a Harvard Medical School debate on the subject of unionization of physicians and for-profit health care. His stance was described:
- "Although he believes that managed care is here to stay, the current 'marketplace' state of health care is not viable. In order for the system to work, it is going to have to be 'not-for-profit, community-based, and run by doctors and local health care institutions with the support of community groups.' Keeping the big picture in mind, Relman said, 'Unions are unnecessary in a not-for-profit sector.'"
On alternative medicineEdit
There are not two kinds of medicine, one conventional and the other unconventional, that can be practiced jointly in a new kind of "integrative medicine." Nor...are there two kinds of thinking, or two ways to find out which treatments work and which do not. In the best kind of medical practice, all proposed treatments must be tested objectively. In the end, there will only be treatments that pass that test and those that do not, those that are proven worthwhile and those that are not. Can there be any reasonable "alternative"?
Investigation of John MackEdit
In May 1994, Arnold Relman chaired a committee at Harvard, to confidentially review John E. Mack's clinical investigation of the people who had shared their reported alien encounters with him. According to the BBC, Angela Hind wrote, "It was the first time in Harvard's history that a tenured professor was subjected to such an investigation."
According to Daniel P. Sheehan, one of Mack's attorneys, the draft report of Relman's committee suggested that "To communicate, in any way whatsoever, to a person who has reported a ‘close encounter’ with an extraterrestrial life form that this experience might well have been real ... is professionally irresponsible.”
- Ingelfinger, Franz Josef; —; Finland, Maxwell, eds. (1966). Controversy in Internal Medicine. 1. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. OCLC 500690355.
- Ingelfinger, Franz Josef; —; Finland, Maxwell, eds. (1974). Controversy in Internal Medicine. 2. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. ISBN 9780721650265.
- The Future of Medical Practice. Merrimon Lecture Series. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina; School of Medicine. 1982. OCLC 10027873.
- "Publishing Biomedical Research: Roles and responsibilities". Hastings Center Report. 20 (3): 23–7. May–June 1990. doi:10.2307/3563157. JSTOR 3563157. PMID 2376495.
- 10 Shattuck Street: Selected Editorials. Waltham, MA: Massachusetts Medical Society. 1991. ISBN 9780910133340.
- The Choices for Healthcare Reform. Camp Hill, PA: Pennsylvania Blue Shield Institute. 1992. OCLC 27164594.
- When More is Less: The Paradox of American Health Care and How to Resolve It. New York: W.W. Norton. 1997. ISBN 9780393035797.
- "A trip to Stonesville: Some notes on Andrew Weil". The New Republic. 219 (24). December 14, 1998. p. 28.
- Angell, Marcia; — (Spring 2002). "Patents, profits & American medicine: Conflicts of interest in the testing & marketing of new drugs" (PDF). Daedalus. 131 (2): 102–11. JSTOR 20027764.
- —; Angell, Marcia (December 16, 2002). "America's other drug problem: How the drug industry distorts medicine and politics" (PDF). The New Republic. 227 (25). pp. 27–41. PMID 12561803. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 17, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "Restructuring the U.S. health care system". Issues in Science and Technology. 19 (4). September 2003.
- A Second Opinion: Rescuing America's Health Care. Century Foundation Books. New York: PublicAffairs. 2007. ISBN 9781586484811.
- Relman, Arnold (February 6, 2014). "On Breaking One's Neck". The New York Review of Books.
- "Physicians and politics". Invited Commentary. JAMA Internal Medicine. 174 (8): 1318–9. June 2, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.509. PMC 1512542. PMID 24887238.
- Martin, Douglas (June 21, 2014). "Dr. Relman, medical editor and health system critic, dies at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-06-23.
- Harvard Catalyst: The Harvard Clinical and Translational Science Center. "Harvard Catalyst Profiles: Arnold Seymour Relman, M.D." catalyst.harvard.edu. The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2014-06-23.
- Insel, Paul A.; Kornfeld, Stuart; Majerus, Philip W.; Marks, Andrew R.; et al. (2004). "Blasts from the past". Journal of Clinical Investigation. 114 (8): 1017–33. doi:10.1172/JCI23321. PMC 522273. PMID 15489944.
- Farber, Saul J. (November 1988). "Conferring of Honorary Fellowship upon Arnold S. Relman, M.D." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 64 (8): 887–90. PMC 1629363. PMID 3072042.
- Marquard, Bryan (17 June 2014). "Dr. Arnold Relman, 91; ex-N.E. Journal of Medicine editor". Boston Globe. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Relman A, Angell M. America's other drug problem. New Republic 2002. December 16: 27.
- Angell, Marcia (2014), "On Arnold Relman (1923-2014)", New York Review of Books, (14 Aug issue).
- Chu, Catherine (December 3, 1999). "Panelists debate if doctors should unionize". Focus. Harvard Medical School.
- *"A trip to Stonesville: Some notes on Andrew Weil". The New Republic. 219 (24). December 14, 1998. p. 28.
- Hind, Angela (June 8, 2005). "Alien thinking". BBC. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- Peck, Peggy (June 19, 2014). "Arnold Relman, MD: Physician, educator and editor". Public Health Policy. MedPage Today. Little Falls, NJ.
- Lowes, Robert (June 19, 2014). "Arnold Relman, medicine's long-time conscience, dies at 91". Medscape Medical News. Medscape.
- Sabin, James (June 18, 2014). "Arnold Relman: 1923-2014". Over 65 (blog).
- Marquard, Bryan (June 17, 2014). "Dr. Arnold Relman, 91; ex N.E. Journal of Medicine editor". The Boston Globe (Obituary).
- Conaboy, Chelsea (January 28, 2014). "Dr. Arnold Relman on becoming the patient". The Boston Globe.
- Zuger, Abigail (March 19, 2012). "A drumbeat on profit takers". The New York Times. Profiles in Science: Arnold Relman and Marcia Angell.
- Relman, A. (June 5, 1991). "Arnold Relman — the last angry doctor" (PDF). At Large: with Dennis L. Breo. JAMA. 265 (21): 2864–9. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03460210110042. PMID 2033748.