Arnold Palmer Invitational
The Arnold Palmer Invitational is a professional golf tournament in Florida on the PGA Tour. It is played each March at the Bay Hill Club and Lodge, a private golf resort owned since 1974 by Arnold Palmer in Bay Hill, a suburb southwest of Orlando.
|Location||Bay Hill, Florida, U.S.|
|Established||1966, 53 years ago|
|Course(s)||Bay Hill Club and Lodge|
|Length||7,454 yards (6,816 m)|
|Prize fund||$9.1 million|
|Aggregate||264 Payne Stewart (1987)|
|To par||−23 Buddy Allin (1973)|
The event was founded in 1979 as a successor to the Florida Citrus Open Invitational, which debuted in 1966 and was played at Rio Pinar Country Club, east of Orlando, through 1978. Arnold Palmer won the Florida Citrus Open in 1971.
Since 1979, the tournament title has had a number of different names, most of them including "Bay Hill," but has played under the Palmer name since 2007. On March 21, 2012, the Arnold Palmer Invitational and MasterCard Worldwide announced an extension to MasterCard's "Presented by" sponsorship until the 2016 tournament.
In June 2014, the PGA Tour approved a resolution to grant the winner a three-year exemption, one more than regular Tour events and on par with winners of the World Golf Championships, The Tour Championship, and the Memorial Tournament.
Beginning with the 2017 tournament, the winner receives a red cardigan sweater in memory of Arnold Palmer.
The Arnold Palmer Invitational is one of only five tournaments given "invitational" status by the PGA Tour, and consequently it has a reduced field of only 120 players (as opposed to most full-field open tournaments with a field of 156 players). The other four tournaments with invitational status are the Genesis Open, RBC Heritage, the Fort Worth Invitational, and the Memorial Tournament. Invitational tournaments have smaller fields (between 120 and 132 players), and have more freedom than full-field open tournaments in determining which players are eligible to participate in their event, as invitational tournaments are not required to fill their fields using the PGA Tour Priority Ranking System. Furthermore, unlike full-field open tournaments, invitational tournaments do not offer open qualifying (aka Monday qualifying).
The field consists of 120 players invited using the following criteria:
- Arnold Palmer Invitational winners prior to 2000 and in the last five years
- The Players Championship and major championship winners in the last five years
- The Tour Championship, World Golf Championships, and Memorial Tournament winners in the past three years
- Tournament winners in the past year
- Playing member of last named U.S. Ryder Cup team; current PGA Tour members who were playing members on last named European Ryder Cup team, U.S. Presidents Cup team, and International Presidents Cup team
- Prior year U.S. Amateur winner (if still an amateur)
- Top 50 Official World Golf Ranking (as of Friday prior)
- PGA Tour life members
- 18 sponsors exemptions– 2 from Web.com Tour finals, 8 members not otherwise exempt, and 8 unrestricted
- Up to two foreign players designated by the commissioner
- Top 70 from prior year's FedEx Cup points list
- Members in top 125 non-member category whose prior year non-WGC points equal or exceed the 70th position on the prior year FedEx Cup points list
- Top 70 from current year's FedEx Cup points list (as of Friday prior)
- PGA Section champion/player of the year
- Remaining positions filled from current year's FedEx Cup points list
Arnold Palmer had a lifetime invitation.
|Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by MasterCard|
|2019||Francesco Molinari||Italy||276||−12||2 strokes||Matthew Fitzpatrick||1,638,000||9,100,000|
|2018||Rory McIlroy||Northern Ireland||270||−18||3 strokes||Bryson DeChambeau||1,602,000||8,900,000|
|2017||Marc Leishman||Australia||277||−11||1 stroke|| Charley Hoffman
|2016||Jason Day||Australia||271||−17||1 stroke||Kevin Chappell||1,134,000||6,300,000|
|2015||Matt Every (2)||United States||269||−19||1 stroke||Henrik Stenson||1,134,000||6,300,000|
|2014||Matt Every||United States||275||−13||1 stroke||Keegan Bradley||1,116,000||6,200,000|
|2013||Tiger Woods (8)||United States||275||−13||2 strokes||Justin Rose||1,116,000||6,200,000|
|2012||Tiger Woods (7)||United States||275||−13||5 strokes||Graeme McDowell||1,080,000||6,000,000|
|2011||Martin Laird||Scotland||280||−8||1 stroke||Steve Marino||1,080,000||6,000,000|
|2010||Ernie Els (2)||South Africa||277||−11||2 strokes|| Edoardo Molinari
|2009||Tiger Woods (6)||United States||275||−5||1 stroke||Sean O'Hair||1,080,000||6,000,000|
|2008||Tiger Woods (5)||United States||270||−10||1 stroke||Bart Bryant||1,044,000||5,800,000|
|2007||Vijay Singh||Fiji||272||−8||2 strokes||Rocco Mediate||990,000||5,500,000|
|Bay Hill Invitational presented by MasterCard|
|2006||Rod Pampling||Australia||274||−14||1 stroke||Greg Owen||990,000||5,500,000|
|2005||Kenny Perry||United States||276||−12||2 strokes|| Graeme McDowell
|2004||Chad Campbell||United States||270||−18||6 strokes||Stuart Appleby||900,000||5,000,000|
|Bay Hill Invitational presented by Cooper Tires|
|2003||Tiger Woods (4)||United States||269||−19||11 strokes|| Stewart Cink
|2002||Tiger Woods (3)||United States||275||−13||4 strokes||Michael Campbell||720,000||4,000,000|
|2001||Tiger Woods (2)||United States||273||−15||1 stroke||Phil Mickelson||630,000||3,500,000|
|2000||Tiger Woods||United States||270||−18||4 strokes||Davis Love III||540,000||3,000,000|
|1999||Tim Herron||United States||274||−14||Playoff||Tom Lehman||450,000||2,500,000|
|Bay Hill Invitational presented by Office Depot|
|1998||Ernie Els||South Africa||274||−14||4 strokes|| Bob Estes
|1997||Phil Mickelson||United States||272||−16||3 strokes||Stuart Appleby||270,000||1,500,000|
|1996||Paul Goydos||United States||275||−13||1 stroke||Jeff Maggert||216,000||1,200,000|
|1995||Loren Roberts (2)||United States||272||−16||2 strokes||Brad Faxon||216,000||1,200,000|
|1994||Loren Roberts||United States||275||−13||1 stroke|| Nick Price
|1993||Ben Crenshaw||United States||280||−8||2 strokes|| Davis Love III
|1992||Fred Couples||United States||269||−19||9 strokes||Gene Sauers||180,000||1,000,000|
|1991||Andrew Magee||United States||203*||−13||2 strokes||Tom Sieckmann||180,000||1,000,000|
|1990||Robert Gamez||United States||274||−14||1 stroke||Greg Norman||162,000||900,000|
|1989||Tom Kite (2)||United States||278||−6||Playoff||Davis Love III||144,000||800,000|
|Hertz Bay Hill Classic|
|1988||Paul Azinger||United States||271||−13||5 strokes||Tom Kite||135,000||750,000|
|1987||Payne Stewart||United States||264||−20||3 strokes||David Frost||108,000||600,000|
|1986||Dan Forsman||United States||202*||−11||1 stroke|| Raymond Floyd
|1985||Fuzzy Zoeller||United States||275||−9||2 strokes||Tom Watson||90,000||500,000|
|Bay Hill Classic|
|1984||Gary Koch (2)||United States||272||−12||Playoff||George Burns||72,000||400,000|
|1983||Mike Nicolette||United States||283||−1||Playoff||Greg Norman||63,000||350,000|
|1982||Tom Kite||United States||278||−6||Playoff|| Jack Nicklaus
|1981||Andy Bean||United States||266||−18||7 strokes||Tom Watson||54,000||300,000|
|1980||Dave Eichelberger||United States||279||−5||3 strokes||Leonard Thompson||54,000||300,000|
|Bay Hill Citrus Classic|
|1979||Bob Byman||United States||278||−6||Playoff||John Schroeder||45,000||250,000|
|Florida Citrus Open|
|1978||Mac McLendon||United States||271||−17||2 strokes||David Graham||40,000||200,000|
|1977||Gary Koch||United States||274||−14||2 strokes|| Dale Hayes
|1976||Hale Irwin||United States||270||−18||Playoff||Kermit Zarley||40,000||200,000|
|1975||Lee Trevino||United States||276||−12||1 stroke||Hale Irwin||40,000||200,000|
|1974||Jerry Heard (2)||United States||273||−15||3 strokes|| Homero Blancas
|1973||Buddy Allin||United States||265||−23||8 strokes||Charles Coody||30,000||150,000|
|1972||Jerry Heard||United States||276||−12||2 strokes||Bobby Mitchell||30,000||150,000|
|Florida Citrus Invitational|
|1971||Arnold Palmer||United States||270||−18||1 stroke||Julius Boros||30,000||150,000|
|1970||Bob Lunn||United States||271||−17||1 stroke|| Arnold Palmer
|Florida Citrus Open Invitational|
|1969||Ken Still||United States||278||−10||1 stroke||Miller Barber||23,000||115,000|
|1968||Dan Sikes||United States||274||−14||1 stroke||Tom Weiskopf||23,000||115,000|
|1967||Julius Boros||United States||274||−10||1 stroke|| George Knudson
|1966||Lionel Hebert||United States||279||−5||2 strokes|| Charles Coody
Seven men have won this tournament more than once through 2019.
- 1966: Lionel Hebert wins the inaugural version of the tournament. He wins by two shots over Jack Nicklaus, Charles Coody, and Dick Lytle.
- 1968: Dan Sikes breaks out of a 5-way logjam to win by one shot over Tom Weiskopf. At the end of 54 holes, Sikes had been tied for the lead with Jack Nicklaus, Bruce Devlin, Miller Barber, and Bob Charles. Officials said this was the first time there had ever been a five-way tie for the lead after 54 holes at a PGA event.
- 1971: Arnold Palmer wins the event eight years before he becomes its host. He beats Julius Boros by one shot.
- 1973: Vietnam War veteran Buddy Allin shoots a tournament record 23 under par to breeze to an eight shot victory over Charles Coody.
- 1974: Jerry Heard becomes the tournament's first two-time winner. He beats Homero Blancas and Jim Jamieson by two shots.
- 1976: Early on a Monday morning, Hale Irwin defeats Kermit Zarley on the sixth hole of a sudden death playoff after play was suspended due to darkness on Sunday. While speaking to the press on Sunday evening, Irwin blamed NBC Sports for there not being enough time to finish the playoff.
- 1979: Bob Byman wins the first edition of the tournament to be played at Bay Hill. He defeats John Schroeder on the second hole of a sudden death playoff.
- 1980: Dave Eichelberger wins by three shots over Leonard Thompson. The temperatures were so cold that Eichelberger wore panty hose during the final round.
- 1982: Tom Kite chips in for birdie on the first hole of a sudden death playoff to defeat Jack Nicklaus and Denis Watson.
- 1984: Gary Koch shoots a final round 63 before defeating George Burns on the second hole of a sudden death playoff. Koch is the only champion in the tournament's history to win both at Rio Pinar and Bay Hill.
- 1985: Coming off back surgery less than six months previously, Fuzzy Zoeller wins at Bay Hill. He finishes two shots ahead of Tom Watson.
- 1987: Payne Stewart, who owned a home just off Bay Hill's 12th tee, notches his third career PGA Tour title. He beats David Frost by three shots.
- 1989: Tom Kite wins for a second time at Bay Hill by defeating Davis Love III on the second hole of a sudden death playoff. Before the playoff took place, both Kite and Love made double bogey on the tournament's 72nd hole.
- 1990: Robert Gamez holes a 7-iron on the 72nd hole for an eagle two allowing him to win by one shot over Greg Norman.
- 1992: Fred Couples wins by nine shots over Gene Sauers. With his win, Couples becomes the #1 ranked player in the world.
- 1995: Loren Roberts becomes the first returning champion to successfully defend his title. He beats Brad Faxon by two shots.
- 1996: Paul Goydos wins for the first time on the PGA Tour. He beats Jeff Maggert by one shot and Tom Purtzer by two. During the tournament's second round, Purtzer incurred a two-shot penalty by playing the wrong ball.
- 1998: During the tournament's final round, John Daly hits six balls in the water on the sixth hole. He finishes the hole with a final score of 18.
- 2000: Tiger Woods wins at Bay Hill for the first time. He beats Davis Love III by four shots.
- 2003: Tiger Woods becomes the first golfer since Gene Sarazen at the 1930 Miami Open to win the same tournament in four consecutive years. He wins by 11 shots over Kirk Triplett, Stewart Cink, Kenny Perry, and Brad Faxon.
- 2005: Kenny Perry wins by two shots over Vijay Singh and Graeme McDowell. Perry and Singh were tied for the lead until Singh made double bogey at the 72nd hole.
- 2008: Tiger Woods sinks a 25-foot birdie putt at the 72nd hole to defeat Bart Bryant by one shot. It's Woods fifth Bay Hill triumph in addition to his winning the fifth consecutive tournament he had played in.
- 2009: Tiger Woods wins at Bay Hill for the 2nd straight year and sixth time overall. He birdies the 72nd hole to defeat Sean O'Hair by one shot.
- 2012: Tiger Woods wins the Arnold Palmer Invitational for the seventh time, ending a winless streak on the PGA Tour dating back 27 events to September 13, 2009.
- 2013: Tiger Woods wins for a record-tying eighth time at the Arnold Palmer Invitational while holing three eagles during the week, the first time a player has accomplished the feat since 2001; he ascends to the number 1 ranking for the first time since October 2010.
- 2014: With world number one Woods out of the tournament, the focus was on world number two Adam Scott. Scott led the first three rounds, but struggled in the fourth round, finishing third behind Keegan Bradley and first-time PGA Tour winner Matt Every.
- 2015: Matt Every holed an 18-foot birdie putt on the 72nd hole to beat Henrik Stenson by one shot and become the third golfer to defend his title at the Arnold Palmer Invitational. In the third round, Daniel Berger recorded a double eagle at the par-5 6th hole, the first since the tournament moved to Bay Hill in 1979. Zach Johnson repeated the feat in the final round on the par-5 16th.
- "MasterCard Extends Presenting Sponsorship of Arnold Palmer Invitational". MasterCard.com (Press release). March 21, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
- "MasterCard Extends Sponsorship". ArnoldPalmerInvitational.com. March 21, 2012. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
- "Boost to Arnie and Jack tourneys". ESPN. Associated Press. June 3, 2014.
- Auclair, T.J. "Red cardigan sweater for Arnold Palmer Invitational winner revealed". PGA of America. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- "The Open Qualifying Series for 2019 launches with four new events". theopen.com. Archived from the original on January 22, 2019. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- "2015–16 PGA Tour Player Handbook & Tournament Regulations" (PDF). October 5, 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 12, 2016.
- "Course: Bay Hill Club". PGA Tour. 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- Arnold Palmer Invitational - Winners - at www.pgatour.com
- Arnold Palmer Invitational - Winners Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine - at www.golfobserver.com
- Hebert Discards Remedy, Wins Florida Citrus Open
- Dan Sikes wins Citrus Open
- Palmer Cops Citrus Open
- Allin Citrus Champ
- Jerry Heard regains winning touch, takes Citrus Open on 273 total
- Citrus Open playoff won by Hale Irwin
- Irwin Raps TV For Late Start
- Byman steps up in Citrus
- Eichelberger wins chilly Bay Hill
- Golfers required panty hose
- Kite wins Bay Hill Golf in three-man playoff
- Gary Koch wins Bay Hill playoff
- Fuzzy Zoeller wins Bay Hill Classic
- Stewart wins Bay Hill by 3
- Kite catches Love and wins playoff
- Spectacular eagle wins for Gamez
- Sizzling Couples coasts by 9 shots in Nestle laugher
- Roberts and Bay Hill Links Seem Made for Each Other
- Goydos fires 67 to capture Bay Hill
- Six In Lake Give Daly an 18
- Woods Triumphs Again, Leaving Love in Awe
- Ailing Woods wins 4th straight Bay Hill by 11 strokes
- Perry Wins Bay Hill After Singh Suffers Rocky Finish
- Tiger birdies 18 for title
- Golf-Woods overhauls O'Hair for comeback win at Bay Hill
- Donegan, Lawrence (March 26, 2012). "Tiger Woods ends PGA Tour drought with Arnold Palmer Invitational win". The Guardian. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- Schmitz, Brian (March 26, 2013). "Tiger Woods is back at No. 1 after winning Arnold Palmer Invitational". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- "Matt Every wins again at Bay Hill". ESPN.com. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- "Daniel Berger makes 2 on par 5". ESPN.com. Retrieved March 22, 2015.