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The Arnold–Givental conjecture, named after Vladimir Arnold and Alexander Givental, is a statement on Lagrangian submanifolds. It gives a lower bound in terms of the Betti numbers of L on the number of intersection points of L with a Hamiltonian isotopic Lagrangian submanifold which intersects L transversally.

Let HtC(M); 0 ≤ t ≤ 1 be a smooth family of Hamiltonian functions of M and denote by φH the one-time map of the flow of the Hamiltonian vector field XHt of Ht. Let L be a Lagrangian submanifold, invariant under some antisymplectic involution of M. Assume that L and φH (L) intersect transversally. Then the number of intersection points of L and φH (L) can be estimated from below by the sum of the Z2 Betti numbers of L, i.e.

Up to now,[when?] the Arnold–Givental conjecture could only be proven under some additional assumptions.

See alsoEdit


  • Frauenfelder, Urs (2004), "The Arnold–Givental conjecture and moment Floer homology", International Mathematics Research Notices (42): 2179–2269, arXiv:math/0309373, doi:10.1155/S1073792804133941, MR 2076142.
  • Oh, Yong-Geun (1992), "Floer cohomology and Arnol'd-Givental's conjecture of [on] Lagrangian intersections", Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, 315 (3): 309–314, MR 1179726.