Armenian National Congress
This article needs to be updated.(June 2018)
This article has an unclear citation style.(June 2021)
The Armenian National Congress (Armenian: Հայ Ազգային Կոնգրես, romanized: Hay Azgayin Kongres) is an Armenian political party led by former president Levon Ter-Petrosyan and formed in 2008. Its direct predecessor was the Pan-Armenian National Movement.
|Founded||1 August 2008(as a coalition) |
March–April 2013 (as a party)
|Preceded by||Pan-Armenian National Movement|
|European affiliation||ALDE Party|
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It is often abbreviated as ՀԱԿ or HAK, in keeping with its Armenian spelling, but it is occasionally referred to as the ANC in English-language media, including in its official website.
From 2008 to 2013, it was a coalition of 13 opposition parties. In 2013, when certain member parties left the Pan-Armenian National Movement, the remainder of the organization collectively decided during a conference to form a new party called the Armenian National Congress.
Formation and goalsEdit
The website of the Armenian National Congress lists five main goals:
• The immediate release of all political prisoners.
• Attaining complete freedom of speech, access to media, and assembly.
• Truly independent investigation of the crimes of March 1 with the significant participation of International experts.
• Initiation of a dialogue with the authorities about democratic reforms after the fulfillment of at least the first condition.
• Holding of pre-term presidential and parliamentary elections.— Armenian National Congress, official website
In addition, the ANC also believes in maintaining good relations with Armenia's neighbors, including normalizing relations with both Turkey and Azerbaijan, developing closer relations with the Middle East, self-determination of the Republic of Artsakh, encouraging further European integration of Armenia and deepening cooperation with the European Union, the United States, Russia and maintaining strong relations with CIS member states.
The Impeachment Union party was officially dissolved in 2008 as members opted to join the ANC.
During the 2011 Armenian protests, the HAK played a major role in organizing demonstrations and pushing for the government of President Serzh Sargsyan, who defeated Ter-Petrosyan in the 2008 election, to accept the demands of protesters. The death of 10 people during protests that followed Sargsyan's disputed victory were a major rallying point for protesters.
2012 parliamentary electionEdit
Prior to the 2012 parliamentary elections, the ANC formed an electoral bloc with the Democratic Homeland Party. Following the 2012 elections, the Armenian National Congress gained 7 seats in the National Assembly of Armenia. The ANC was endorsed by the Green Party of Armenia.
The Democratic Homeland Party subsequently left the ANC. Also in 2012, the Armenian Liberal Party left the ANC after being a member of the party since 2008.
2015 Armenian constitutional referendumEdit
In the 2015 constitutional referendum in Armenia, the ANC supported the "no" camp. ANC leader Levon Ter-Petrosyan, stated that "the constitutional changes initiated by Serzh Sargsyan was destroying the bases of the state".
2017 Armenian parliamentary electionEdit
2018 Armenian parliamentary electionEdit
The ANC did not participate in the 2018 Armenian parliamentary elections.
2021 Armenian parliamentary electionEdit
On 16 May 2021, the ANC announced that the party would participate in the 2021 elections with Levon Ter-Petrosyan leading the party's electoral list. Following the election, the party gained just 1.54% of the popular vote, failing to win any seats in the National Assembly.
A statement from the Armenian National Congress in 2019 addressed tax reform: "On 7 March 2019, the Government of the Republic of Armenia approved the package of draft amendments to the Tax Code and to several laws regulating tax relations, but certain draft laws will cause harm to the activities of small and medium enterprises."
- "Ter-Petrosyan: Congress suggests following Constitution instead of preaching "ethno-religious ideology"". ArmeniaNow. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Party Programs". Armenian National Congress.
- "Liberalism in Armenia well rooted among ANC but country on a slippery slope". Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party. 2015-08-26. Archived from the original on 2016-03-28. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
- ANC turns into Armenian National Congress party
- PANM becomes Armenian National Congress party
- "Declaration on The Creation of the Armenian National Congress". Armenian National Congress.
- "Party Programs". Armenian National Congress.
- "Armenia's opposition ANC holds rally on Liberty Square again". People's Daily Online. 9 April 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Stepan Safaryan urges to stop Heritage-ANC confrontation". PanArmenian. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Պահպանողական կուսակցությունը լքեց ՀԱԿ-ը". December 25, 2012.
- "Պահպանողական կուսակցությունը լքում է ՀԱԿ-ը". armenpress.am.
- Լևոն Տեր-Պետրոսյան. Նոր Սահմանադրությունը քանդում է պետության հիմքերը
- Levon Ter-Petrosyan to Head ANC Election List If Party Decides to Participate in June Election
- "Armenian National Congress issues statement on Armenia government's tax reforms". news.am. Retrieved 2019-04-02.