Armed Police Force (Nepal)
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The Armed Police Force of Nepal is a paramilitary land force tasked with counter-insurgency operations in Nepal. It functions as a semi-military wing, and occupies a sort of dual role as both military and law enforcement. Service is voluntary and the minimum age for enlistment is 18 years. Initially founded with a roster of 15,000 police and military personnel, the Armed Police Force is projected to have a corps of 40,000 at the close of 2015.
|Armed Police Force|
Logo of the Armed Police Force
|Motto||Peace, Security and Dedication|
|Governing body||Ministry of Home Affairs (Nepal)|
In February 1996, the ideologically Maoist Communist Party of Nepal operating as the United People's Front of Nepal initiated what was then dubbed the "People's War". Ensuing armed resistance and criminal activity escalating from the conflict motivated King Gyanendra to consider amassing an independent police force. Subsequently, the Armed Police Force was founded on 24 October 2001. Late Krishna Mohan Shrestha of the Nepal Police (then serving as Additional Inspector General of Police) was its first Chief.
The current command and control organization of Nepal's army is outlined along the protocol of the 1990 Constitution and its interim constitution. Its standing Inspector General is the Chief of Armed Police Forces, equivalent in rank to a three star Lieutenant General of the Nepal Army.
The fundamental ethos of the Armed Police Force (APF) is Peace, Security, Commitment.
The Armed Police Force was founded in 2001 to help Nepal's army and civil police force counter a growing Maoist insurgency in Nepal. It was fundamentally a paramilitary organization and mostly engaged in counterinsurgency operations. In August 2003, five constables of the Armed Police Force were killed in a military operation in the Ramechapp District of Nepal which killed 39 Maoist rebels. In January 2003, the head of the Armed Police Force Inspector General Krishna Mohan Shrestha was shot and killed by Maoist insurgents while taking his morning walk, alongside his bodyguard and wife who were also killed.
Current department and commanderEdit
|1||National APF Academy||AIG Ram Saran Poudel||2||APF Human Resource Development||AIG Shailendra Khanal|
|3||APF Operation||AIG Puspa Ram KC|
|5||APF Border Security|
|6||Metropolitan APF Security Office||APF AIG Narayan Babu Thapa|
In November 2001, the Nepalese armed forces began military operations against the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). And Armed Police Force has involved in this operations with the birth of is organization alongside with Nepal Army.
Allegations of war crimes and human rights abuses have been leveled by the media against members of the Armed Police Force.
International peacekeeping missionsEdit
Armed Police Force contributes its soldiers in peacekeeping efforts under the coveted blue flag of the United Nations for global peace and security as a whole.
Since October 2002, Armed Police Force, Nepal has made contributions to various UN Peace Keeping Missions like UNGCI (Iraq), UNMIK (Kosovo), UNMIL (Liberia), UNAMSIL (Sierra Leone), MINUSTAH (Haiti), UNMIS & UNMISS (Sudan), UNAMID (Darfur), UNSOM (Somalia),UNMIT (East Timore) & UNFICYP (Cyprus) as a UN Police advisers, instructors, monitors and contingent.
6582 APF Personnel had already participated as a member of FPU contingent and 785 personnel have surved as an Individual Police Officer (IPOs) until August 2018 in the United Nations Peace Keeping Missions.
- Nepalese Rebels Walk Away from Peace Talks http://www.worldpress.org/Asia/1478.cfm
- New York Times: Nepal's Police Chief Killed https://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/26/world/nepal-s-police-chief-killed.html
- NEPAL: HEAD OF ARMED POLICE FORCE ASSASSINATED IN KATHMANDU https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/03KATHMANDU140_a.html