Armchair revolutionary (or armchair activist and armchair socialist) is a description, often pejorative, of a speaker or writer who professes radical aims without taking any action to realize them, as if pontificating "from the comfort of the armchair".
In 1937, Nikolai Berdyaev wrote: "After years of living in Western Europe, Plekhanov became entirely a Western and of a very rationalist sort, fairly cultured, although his culture was not of the highest kind; more of an armchair revolutionary than a practical one. He could be a leader of a Marxist school of thought, but he could not be a leader of a revolution; that was made clear at the time of the revolution".:94
Columnist Julie Burchill highlighted the relative level of energy exhibited in this lede: "During a long hard winter, nothing warms the cold blood of the Western armchair revolutionary more than the sight of a bunch of attractive dark-skinned people out on the streets having a right old revolution".
William Graham titled his travel book Latin America: Notes from an Armchair Revolutionary.
In December 2014, The BMJ published a study, possibly satirical in intent and described as "lighthearted" in NHS Choices, with the purported purpose of determining how political affiliation correlates with literal physical activity levels. The study's stated conclusion was that literal "armchair socialists" as a class do not exist as holders of political views toward either end of the spectrum (left or right) tend to be more physically active than political centrists.
- Armchair quarterback, a person who believes they are more qualified to give advice on a sport than the players of that particular sport
- Armchair warrior
- Back-seat driver
- Kathedersozialisten (socialists of the lectern), a comparable construction in German, referring to a university chair
- Champagne socialist
- Keyboard warrior
- Monday morning quarterback
- Virtue signalling
- Berdyaev, Nikolai (1960) [first published 1948; first edition published 1937]. The origin of Russian communism (new ed.). Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-4720-6034-4.
- Burchill, Julie (3 February 2011). "Armchair revolutionaries: be careful what you wish for in the Middle East". The Independent. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- Christie, Bridget (11 April 2015). "We're a nation of armchair activists—and that's OK, says Bridget Christie". Protest. The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- Graham, William (2016) [first published 1988 by Venceremos Productions]. Latin America: notes from an armchair revolutionary. Morrisville, North Carolina, United States: Lulu Press. ISBN 978-1-326-82759-5.
- Bauman, Adrian; Gale, Joanne; Milton, Karen (11 December 2014). "Are "armchair socialists" still sitting? Cross sectional study of political affiliation and physical activity". Christmas 2014: Going to Extremes. The BMJ. 349: g7073. doi:10.1136/bmj.g7073. PMC 4263957. PMID 25500112.
- Bazian (15 December 2014). "Political hardliners 'fitter' than 'fence sitters'". Lifestyle and exercise. NHS Choices. Archived from the original on 24 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.