Armbrust (German: Crossbow) is a lightweight unguided anti-tank weapon designed and developed by Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm of Germany, who later sold its manufacturing rights to Chartered Industries of Singapore (the predecessor of ST Kinetics).
An Armbrust launcher
|Place of origin||West Germany|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||Cambodian–Vietnamese War |
Croatian War of Independence
Slovenian War of Independence
Cambodian–Thai border stand-off
2013 Lahad Datu standoff
Pouderies Réunies de Belgique (PRB)
ST Kinetics (STK)
|Variants||Armbrust AT, Armbrust AP, Armbrust Ub, Armbrust SC|
|Mass||6.3 kg (13 lb 14 oz)|
|Length||850 mm (2 ft 9 in)|
|Width||126 mm (5.0 in)|
|Height||140 mm (5.5 in)|
|Caliber||67 mm (2.6 in)|
|Muzzle velocity||210 m/s (690 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||300 m (980 ft)|
|Maximum firing range||1,500 m (4,900 ft)|
|Feed system||Single shot|
|Sights||Reticle, externally illuminated for night|
The Armbrust is a recoilless weapon, and is one of the few weapons of this kind that may safely be fired in an enclosed space. The propellant charge is placed between two pistons with the projectile in front of one and a mass of shredded plastic in the rear. Unlike most recoilless weapons, it is a true counter-shot weapon, as the mass of the projectile is equal to the mass of the counterweight and they are ejected from the barrel at the same initial velocity. When the weapon is fired, the propellant expands, pushing the two pistons out. The projectile is forced out of the front and the plastic out of the back. The plastic disperses on leaving the back of the barrel, and is quickly stopped by air resistance. The pistons jam at either end of the barrel, locking the hot gases inside. Its warhead can penetrate up to 300 mm of armoured steel.
During the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Armbrust was supplied to the Cambodian Khmer Rouge. It was used in their fight against the Cambodian government, as well as against the invading Vietnamese Army.
|Armbrust 1980s brochure photos|
|Soldier firing Armbrust|
|Details of Armbrust and cut-away drawing|
|Details of firing of Armbrust low launch signature|
|Details of Armbrust anti-armour and anti-personnel projectiles|
- Jane's Infantry Weapons 1995-96, page 318, edited by T. Gander and I. Hogg, ISBN 0-7106-1241-9
- New Straits Times: Khmer Rouge using Missiles made in West, March, 12. 1994
- Die Zeit, Michael Sontheimer: Die Mörder kehren zurück, January, 12. 1990 (German)
- Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
- "Kopassus & Kopaska - Specijalne Postrojbe Republike Indonezije" (in Croatian). Hrvatski Vojnik Magazine. Archived from the original on 2010-08-22. Retrieved 2010-06-12.
- "Armbrust in the AFP". Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2012.