Edvard Armas Järnefelt (14 August 1869 – 23 June 1958), was a Finnish conductor and composer, who achieved some minor success with his orchestral works Berceuse and Praeludium. He spent much of his conducting career at the Royal Swedish Opera in Stockholm, Sweden.
Järnefelt studied with Ferruccio Busoni in Helsinki and with Jules Massenet in Paris. Both Järnefelt and Busoni enjoyed a close relationship with Jean Sibelius, who was married to Järnefelt's sister Aino. From 1905 Järnefelt had a long career as conductor at the Royal Swedish Opera in Stockholm, beginning as repetiteur from 1905 to 1911 (he became a Swedish citizen in 1909); conductor 1911-1923 and chief conductor 1923–1933.
Between 1932 and 1936 Järnefelt was the artistic director and conductor of the Finnish National Opera. He presented, among others, Siegfried and Götterdämmerung from Wagner's Ring cycle, and Parsifal. He was principal conductor of the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra 1942–1943, and also returned to the Royal Swedish Opera as chief conductor from 1938 to 1946. He died in Stockholm.
|You may hear Armas Järnefelt's compositions Praeludiem and Berceuse as conducted by Hans Kindler with his National Symphony Orchestra in 1947 Here on archive.org|
Järnefelt's musical works include:
- Lyrical Overture (1892)
- Childhood Days (Lapsuuden ajoilta) (1892)
- Serenade for orchestra in six movements (1893)
- Symphonic poem Korsholma (1894)
- Suite for small orchestra (1895)
- Symphonic poem Heimathklang (lit. The sound of home) (1895)
- Suite in E-flat major (1897)
- Finnish Rhapsody (1899)
- Praeludium (1900)
- Berceuse (1904)
In addition, he composed more than 70 solo songs, 21 pieces for male chorus, 12 part-songs for mixed chorus, and 13 cantatas. His Berceuse (1904) arranged for violin and piano is included in the Royal Conservatory of Music grade 7 violin repertoire (Canada).
His siblings were Kasper Järnefelt, a critic and translator of Russian literature; the writer Arvid Järnefelt (the incidental music for his play Kuolema was written by Jean Sibelius); the painter Eero Järnefelt (Erik); Ellida; Ellen, Aino (who married Sibelius); Hilja; and Sigrid.
In June 2012 a display of Järnefelt paraphernalia was opened in the entrance of the Sibelius Academy situated in the Helsinki Music Center.
- Photo of Järnefelt conducting the Royal Swedish Orchestra during the 400th anniversary celebrations of the Royal Swedish Opera (in Swedish). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Edvard Armas Järnefelt" (in Swedish). Kungliga Hovkapellet. 2007-12-14. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Violin series. Repertoire. Adaskin, Murray, 1906-2002., Alard, Jean Delphin, 1815-1888., Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg, 1736-1809., Attwood, Ben., Bacewicz, Grażyna., Bach, Johann Christian, 1735-1782. (4th ed.). Toronto: F. Harris Music Co. 2013. ISBN 978-1-55440-461-2. OCLC 894939781.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Salmi, Hannu (15 April 2008). "Järnefeltin jalanjäljillä: Laulu tulipunaisesta kukasta (1919)" (in Finnish). [In the footsteps of Järnefelt : Song of the Scarlet Flower(1919)]. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
| Principal Conductors, Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra