Arm triangle choke

Arm triangle choke, side choke, or head and arm choke are generic terms describing blood chokeholds in which the opponent is strangled in between their own shoulder and the practitioner's arm. This is as opposed to the regular triangle choke, which denotes a chokehold using the legs, albeit with a similar mechanism of strangulation against the opponent's own shoulder. An arm triangle choke where the practitioner is on the side of the opponent and presses a forearm into the opposite side of the neck of the opponent is known as a side choke, such as from the kata-gatame hold. The time it takes for the opponent to be rendered unconscious does vary depending on the configuration of the grip and position, although the standard arm triangle is one of the fastest at 7.2 seconds.[1]

Arm triangle choke
Arm triangle choke from the side control position
Arm triangle choke from the side control position
StyleJudo, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, Catch Wrestling
AKAArm triangle

Anaconda chokeEdit

An anaconda choke is an arm triangle from the front headlock position.[2] The performer threads his or her arm under the opponent's neck and through the armpit, and grasps the biceps of the opposing arm. The performer then attempts to pin the opponent onto the trapped shoulder so as to better interrupt the flow of blood, all the while applying pressure with the grasped biceps. The performer may accomplish this by rolling the opponent over the trapped shoulder, (known as a gator roll) and use the momentum to turn the opponent onto his or her trapped shoulder. The creator of this choke is unknown, although many sources point towards UFC veteran Milton Vieira.[3] Viera himself has disputed this however and has gone on record as not claiming to be the originator of the Anaconda Choke, explaining that it is likely that multiple people came up with the same choke simultaneously.[4]

D'Arce choke/Brabo chokeEdit

The D'Arce choke and Brabo choke is using the similar technique except Brabo choke is used in gi BJJ by gripping your opponents gi, in contrast to the D'Arce choke which does not.[5] The D'Arce choke, or Brabo choke, is similar to the Anaconda choke. The difference is that the choking arm is threaded under the near arm, in front of the opponent's neck, and on top of the far arm.

The D'Arce choke gets its name from Joe D'Arce, a third-degree Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu black belt under Renzo Gracie. D'Arce is not the inventor of the choke however, he merely popularized its use in competition. Instead the Luta Livre practitioners point to its originator being Björn Dag Lagerström who discovered the choke when attempting to perform an Anaconda Choke in practice, and getting his arms the wrong way around.[6] During a sparring session between D'Arce and Jason Miller, the choke surprised Miller, who gave it the name and pronunciation "Darce" rather than the proper "D-Arsee," when D'Arce did not have a title for the technique.[7]

The Brabo choke gets its name from Leonardo Vieira, founder of the Checkmat academy. Vieira first saw one of his white belt students get into a similar position by instinct and he started working on this position. He used this position to submit most of his opponents at the 2004 Pan American Championship and at the World Cup of 2004. Vieira's friend, Kit Pelligro, calling this position "Brobo choke" deriving from Vieira's email address "leobroba@...." which fit the actual meaning of the world "brobo" in Portuguese of angry, aggressive or toughness.[8]


  1. ^ "Scientists Confirm Which Chokes Put People to Sleep the Fastest". 31 March 2021.
  2. ^ Pearson, Charlie. Anaconda choke. URL last accessed March 4, 2006.
  3. ^ History of the head and arm choke
  4. ^ Viera doesn't want credit for the anaconda choke
  5. ^ Wray, David (2021-05-28). "Brabo Choke – BJJ Submission Explained". Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  6. ^ "Submission History: The Origins of the Head and Arm Choke". 8 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Joe D'Arce Explains His Namesake Choke – D'Arce". BJJ Eastern Europe. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 2020-05-06.
  8. ^ "The Brabo Choke | BJJ Heroes". 15 September 2014. Retrieved 2021-08-09.

External linksEdit