Arkadelphia is a city in Clark County, Arkansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,714. The city is the county seat of Clark County. It is situated at the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains. Two universities, Henderson State University and Ouachita Baptist University, are located there. Arkadelphia was incorporated in 1857.
|City of Arkadelphia|
|Etymology: Greek for "Brother of Arkansas"|
|• Type||City manager|
|• Total||7.74 sq mi (20.03 km2)|
|• Land||7.73 sq mi (20.02 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||246 ft (75 m)|
|• Density||1,343.17/sq mi (518.60/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
71923, 71998, 71999
|GNIS feature ID||0076188|
The site was settled in about 1809 by John Hemphill, operator of a nearby salt works, Arkansas's first industry. It was known as Blakelytown until 1839, when the settlement adopted the name Arkadelphia. The town was named "Arkadelphia," a combination of Ark- from the state's name Arkansas and adelphia from the Greek meaning "brother/place".
Arkadelphia was once known as the "City of Rainbows", perhaps because the humid climate often resulted in rain.
Arkadelphia is located in northeastern Clark County at  on the west bank of the Ouachita River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (18.8 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.49%, is water.(34.121920, -93.066178),
The climate is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Arkadelphia has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Arkadelphia, Arkansas (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1899–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||89
|Average high °F (°C)||54.7
|Daily mean °F (°C)||42.7
|Average low °F (°C)||30.7
|Record low °F (°C)||−2
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.03
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||0.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.3||6.7||7.4||6.7||7.3||5.8||5.9||5.1||4.7||6.1||6.5||6.7||76.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||0.2||0.3||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||0.7|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,714 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 64.0% White, 30.0% Black, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 1.4% from two or more races. 3.2% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,912 people, 3,865 households, and 2,187 families living in the city. The population density was 1,486.2 inhabitants per square mile (573.8/km2). There were 4,216 housing units at an average density of 574.2 per square mile (221.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 68.98% White, 26.51% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.59% of the population.
There were 3,865 households, out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.4% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city, the age distribution of the population showed 18.1% under the age of 18, 32.9% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 14.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,651, and the median income for a family was $42,479. Males had a median income of $30,152 versus $19,459 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,268. About 19.8% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under the age of 18 and 15.9% of those 65 and older.
Major factors in Arkadelphia's economy are education and manufacturing. Ouachita Baptist University, Henderson State University, and Arkadelphia School District employ many people in the education sector. The manufacturing sector includes Georgia Pacific and Siplast. The economy includes small-scale businesses, including fast-food restaurants.
Arts and cultureEdit
Opened in 2011, the Arkadelphia Arts Center hosts exhibits, productions and educational workshops for many organizations in town, including the Caddo River Art Guild, the Poet and Writer's Guild, the Little Theatre, the two universities, and Arkadelphia School District. Henderson State University holds plays and musical performances in Arkansas Hall located on campus. Ouachita Baptist University displays student art and sculpture in the Hammons Gallery. OBU performing arts take place in the OBU Jones Performing Arts Center on Ouachita Street.
The Clark County Historical Museum contains artifacts from prehistoric times through today in an attempt to document the history of the county. Based in the former Amtrak station, a historic tour through Arkadelphia, including the historic James E. M. Barkman House. The Captain Henderson House is a historic bed and breakfast owned and operated by Henderson State University and originally inhabited by the university's namesake.
Downtown Arkadelphia includes the Arkadelphia Commercial Historic District, the Arkadelphia Confederate Monument, Clark County Courthouse, and the Clark County Library, all listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Other family attractions include the Diamond Lakes Regional Visitors Center on Highway 7 near I-30, and the Reynolds Science Center Planetarium, open to the public during the academic year, is located on the Henderson State University campus.
Parks and recreationEdit
Arkadelphia Parks and Recreation Department operates facilities and manages activities for the community. Within Feaster Park, the department operates Arkadelphia Aquatic Park, which features water slides, swimming, and diving areas. The park includes a recreation center that has an indoor basketball/volleyball court, a weight lifting area and an elevated walking track. In 2013, the department completed construction of DeSoto Bluff Trail, which overlooks the Ouachita River.
DeGray Lake Resort State Park surrounds 13,800-acre (21.6 sq mi; 56 km2) DeGray Lake, which is located 8 mi (13 km) northwest of Arkadelphia, on Arkansas Scenic Byway 7. The state park has facilities for camping, fishing, water sports, golf, hiking, and biking. The Iron Mountain Bike Trail is a winding path inside the park that runs for approximately 26 miles (42 km).
The Ouachita National Forest and Hot Springs National Park are located on the scenic byway, approximately 30 miles (48 km) north of Arkadelphia. To the west of Hot Springs is Lake Ouachita, which has more than 690 miles (1,110 km) of shoreline and more than 40,000 acres (63 sq mi; 160 km2) of water. The lake is surrounded by Ouachita National Forest. The tourist destination of Hot Springs is located adjacent to the national park. Bathhouse Row, Oaklawn Park Race Track and Casino and Magic Springs are some attractions located there.
Arkadelphia operates under the city manager form of government. There is a seven-member city council known as the board of directors that appoint the city manager. Five members of the board are elected via ward. Two members are elected at large, one of which is the mayor position.
Colleges and universitiesEdit
- Henderson State University is a public liberal arts, undergraduate institution that is a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. The university was founded as Arkadelphia Methodist College in 1890, and was renamed Henderson-Brown College before it became a public institution in 1929. Its current name was adopted in 1975. In 2021, Henderson State University joined the Arkansas State University System.
- Ouachita Baptist University is a private, liberal arts, undergraduate institution that is affiliated with the Arkansas Baptist State Convention. The university was founded as Ouachita Baptist College in 1886, and its current designation was established in 1965.
Arkadelphia School District operates five public schools:
- Central Primary School
- Louisa E. Perritt Primary School
- Peake Elementary School
- Goza Middle School
- Arkadelphia High School
For the 2011–2012 school year, there were approximately 2,125 students enrolled. In September 2015, voters in the Arkadelphia School District passed a millage increase earmarked for new elementary and middle schools. Dr. Donnie Whitten is District Superintendent.
- Clark County Christian Academy. K4 through 12th grade.
Major medical services in Arkadelphia are provided by:
- Baptist Health Medical Center-Arkadelphia – a Hospital which provides a wide variety of services, including the 'Arkadelphia Medical Clinic', and a Women's Health Clinic.
- CHI St. Vincent Heart Clinic Arkansas – provider of specialized Cardiology services.
- The Surgical Clinic of Central Arkansas – a comprehensive General Surgery provider.
- Baptist Health Orthopaedic Clinic – General, sports, and joint replacement.
- Interstate 30
- U.S. Highway 67
- Arkansas Highway 7
- Arkansas Highway 8
- Arkansas Highway 51
- Arkansas Highway 874
Arkadelphia is intersected by Interstate 30, a primary east-west Interstate highway running northeast 68 miles (109 km) to Little Rock, 77 miles (124 km) southwest to Texarkana, and 254 miles (409 km) southwest to Dallas. US Route 67 runs parallel to I-30 and connects Arkadelphia to Malvern 25 miles (40 km) to the northeast and Gurdon 15 miles (24 km) to the southwest. Highway 8 and Arkansas Highway 51 serve as primary east-west arterials for Arkadelphia. Arkansas Highway 7 provides a primary north-south route and has been designated as an Arkansas Scenic Byway. Arkansas Highway 874 is a system of state highways that serve Henderson State University.
Passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak's Texas Eagle, which stops at Arkadelphia station. Trains run daily between Chicago and San Antonio. Connecting service between San Antonio and Los Angeles is available three times a week via the Sunset Limited.
Dexter B. Florence Memorial Field (KADF) in southeastern Arkadelphia can serve small business jets as well as single and double-engine aircraft. Henderson State University offers a four-year bachelor of science degree in aviation and is responsible for the airport's fixed-base operation.
Within the city, bus service is provided by South Central Arkansas Transit. (SCAT)
Water and sewer utilities are provided by Arkadelphia's municipal water & wastewater system. The city's electric system is maintained by South Central Arkansas Electric Cooperative, Inc., and natural gas is provided by CenterPoint Energy.
- Harley Bozeman, Arkadelphia native, later a tree farmer, politician, historian, and confidant of Huey and Earl Long in Winnfield, Louisiana
- Trent Bryant, cornerback for NFL's Washington Redskins and Kansas City Chiefs, and CFL's Saskatchewan Roughriders
- Cliff Harris, safety for the Dallas Cowboys, two-time Super Bowl champion; attended college in Arkadelphia
- Johnny R. Key, Republican member of Arkansas State Senate from Baxter County since 2009; native of Arkadelphia, businessman in Mountain Home, Arkansas
- Percy Malone, Arkansas politician and pharmacist
- W. Francis McBeth, first Composer Laureate of Arkansas
- Beth Moore, evangelist and Bible teacher; founder of Living Proof Ministries
- Terry Nelson, tight end for Los Angeles Rams in Super Bowl XIV; born in Arkadelphia
- Tommy Patterson NBA player for Washington Bullets; attended college in Arkadelphia.
- Jim Ranchino (1936–1978), political scientist, consultant and pollster
- Bob C. Riley (1924–1994), former governor of Arkansas
- Nick Tennyson, Secretary of North Carolina Department of Transportation, two-term mayor of Durham, North Carolina from 1997–2001
- Jerry Thomasson (1931–2007), former Democratic member of the Arkansas House of Representatives and two-time Republican candidate for Arkansas attorney general
- Kevin Williams (b. 1980), defensive tackle for NFL's Minnesota Vikings, Seattle Seahawks and New Orleans Saints; born in Arkadelphia
- Winston P. Wilson (1911-1996), United States Air Force Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau
- Chad Griffin, former president of the Human Rights Campaign and youngest member of the White House Clinton staff at 19; grew up in Arkadelphia and graduated from Arkadelphia High School in 1991
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- "South Central Arkansas Electric". South Central Arkansas Electric Cooperative – SCAEC.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
- "Communities We Serve-Arkansas". CenterPoint Energy – CenterPointEnergy.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-01. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
- Harley Bozeman obituary, Winn Parish Enterprise-News-American, Winnfield, Louisiana, May 20, 1971
- "Biography of the Honorable Johnny Key, Arkansas State Senator" (PDF). arkleg.state.ar.us. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article "Arkadelphia".|