Arizona State Route 80

State Route 80 (SR 80) is a roughly arc-shaped highway lying in southeastern Arizona that, with New Mexico's State Road 80, is a relic of the old U.S. Route 80, now truncated from San Diego to Dallas. This segment of old US 80 was not closely paralleled by Interstate 10, which lies to its north, and instead supplants the old and more direct (defunct in eastern Arizona) State Route 86.

State Route 80 marker

State Route 80
SR 80 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by ADOT
Length120.20 mi[2] (193.44 km)
ExistedDecember 15, 1989[1]–present
HistoryThe entire route is a former section of US 80
Tourist
routes
Historic US 80
Major junctions
West end SR 10 Bus. near Benson
  US 191 in Douglas
East end NM 80 near Rodeo
Location
CountiesCochise
Highway system
  • Arizona State Highway System
US 80SR 81

Route descriptionEdit

 
SR 80 in Tombstone seen towards south.
Directional color coded US 80 signs c. 1954.
 
SR 80 between Tombstone and Bisbee, seen towards south.
 
Arizona Route 80 skirts the edge of the Lavender Pit in Bisbee

The route begins at an intersection with SR 10 Bus. in Benson near an Amtrak station. The route heads south until it exits the city limit of Benson, where it turns slightly southeast. SR 80 turns eastward, entering St. David as Patton Street. In St. David, SR 80 turns south as Lee Street. SR 80 steers southeast into desert terrain, (south section San Pedro Valley), intersecting SR 82 just north of Tombstone, where SR 80 becomes Fremont Street. The road intersects SR 90 heading south. In Bisbee, (southern Mule Mountains), the road meets SR 92 at a traffic circle. SR 80 nears the international boundary with Mexico as it nears Douglas. A short concurrency begins where U.S. Route 191 turns eastward heading into Douglas. SR 80 turns north on Pan American Avenue away from US 191. The route then takes a more northeasterly route away from the international boundary. SR 80 heads through a long stretch of desert terrain, (San Bernardino Valley), before meeting New Mexico State Road 80 at the New Mexico state line.[3] All of it is surface road, and it is the route of the Butterfield Stage Coach of the nineteenth century, and the Old Spanish Trail.

It is not a very direct route; west of Douglas it is almost as much a north–south route as an east–west route, and it is practically a north–south route east of Douglas.

HistoryEdit

SR 80 was originally conceived as part of the proposed state system of highway in 1919.[4] In 1926, it became part of the cross-country highway US 80. The road was paved at this time between Douglas and Bisbee as well as a portion south of Tombstone. The remainder of the highway was a gravel road.[5] By 1931, the highway was paved from Bisbee to the New Mexico state line as well as a portion south of Benson and another portion south of Tombstone.[6] By 1934, the only portion of the highway yet to be paved was a section between Tombstone and Bisbee.[7] The entire route had been paved by 1935.[8] The highway would continue to serve as a portion of US 80 until 1989 when the last portion of US 80 in Arizona was removed. This portion of the highway was redesignated as SR 80 at this time.[1] On September 21, 2018, most of SR 80 was designated as the Benson to New Mexico segment of Historic U.S. Route 80.[9] The designation was further applied to parts of Allen Street and 6th Street in Tombstone along with Old Divide Road/Tombstone Canyon Road as well as Main Street in Bisbee and G Avenue, 10th Street and A Avenue in Douglas. These other roads were also designated as part of US 80 in previous years, but were bypassed before SR 80 was designated. The I-10 Business Loop in Benson was also designated as part of the Historic Route, as the loop between I-10 and SR 80 was part of US 80 before 1989.[10]

Junction listEdit

The entire route is in Cochise County.

Locationmi[2]kmDestinations[11]Notes
Benson293.35472.10   SR 10 Bus. (4th Street) / Historic US 80 west – Tucson, WillcoxInterchange; western terminus; western end of Historic US 80 concurrency
313.91505.19  SR 82 west – Nogales
332.88535.72  SR 90 west – Sierra Vista, Fort Huachuca
338.74545.15  Historic US 80 east (Old Divide Road)Eastern end of Historic US 80 concurrency
339.07545.68Mule Pass Tunnel
Bisbee339.89547.00West Boulevard / Tombstone Canyon Road (Historic US 80)Interchange
341.44549.49Old Bisbee (Historic US 80 west)Interchange; western end of Historic US 80 concurrency
343.29552.47  SR 92 west / Bisbee Road – Sierra VistaTraffic circle
Douglas364.67586.88  US 191 north – WillcoxSouthern terminus of US 191
366.12589.21    
   US 191 Bus. south (Pan American Avenue south) / Historic US 80 east ("G" Avenue) – Business/Historic District, Mexico
Northern terminus of US 191 Bus.; eastern end of Historic US 80 concurrency
368.06592.34  Historic US 80 west ("A" Avenue) – Business/Historic DistrictWestern end of Historic US 80 concurrency
415.39668.51   SR-80 north / Historic US 80 endsContinuation into New Mexico; eastern terminus of Historic US 80
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Arizona Department of Transportation (December 15, 1989). "ADOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1989-12-A-096". Retrieved October 20, 2019 – via Arizona Highway Data. Change U.S. 80 to S.R. 80 in designated area.
  2. ^ a b Roadway Inventory Management Section, Multimodal Planning Division (December 31, 2013). "2013 State Highway System Log" (PDF). Arizona Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  3. ^ Google (April 7, 2012). "SR 80" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
  4. ^ Arizona State Highway Department (1919). Map of Proposed State Highway System of Arizona (Map). 1:1,584,000. Cartography by Lamar Cobb. Arizona Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 3, 2008 – via AARoads.
  5. ^ Arizona State Highway Department (1926). Map of Arizona (Map). 1:1,267,200. Cartography by E.W. Miller. Arizona Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 3, 2008 – via AARoads.
  6. ^ A. G. Taylor Printing Company (1931). Arizona Highway Department Condition Map of the State Highway System (Map). 1:1,267,200. Arizona State Highway Department. Retrieved May 3, 2008 – via AARoads.
  7. ^ A. G. Taylor Printing Company (1934). Arizona Highway Department Condition Map of the State Highway System (Map). 1:1,267,200. Arizona State Highway Department – via AARoads.
  8. ^ Arizona State Highway Department (1935). State Highway Department Road Map of Arizona (PDF) (Map). 1:1,267,200. Cartography by W.M. DeMerse. Arizona Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 6, 2008.
  9. ^ "Historic Arizona U.S. Route 80 Designation". Tucson Historic Preservation Foundation. August 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  10. ^ Arizona State Transportation Board Meeting Agenda (PDF) (Report). Show Low, Arizona: Arizona State Transportation Board. July 20, 2018. pp. 310 to 339. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  11. ^ Arizona State Transportation Board Meeting Agenda (PDF) (Report). Show Low, Arizona: Arizona State Transportation Board. July 20, 2018. pp. 310 to 339.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata