Ariyalur district

Ariyalur district is an administrative district, one of the 38 districts in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The district headquarters is located at Ariyalur. The district encompasses an area of 1,949.31 km².

Ariyalur District
N-TN-C94 A View at Sunset of Brihadiswara Temple.jpg
Busy Noon Day in Bus Stand Road, Jayankondam.jpg
சோழகங்கம் ஏரி.jpg
Anganur School.JPG
Brihadiswara Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram, bus stand road in Jayankondam, school in Anganur, Tirumalapadi Siva Temple, Cholagangam Lake
Cement city
Location in Tamil Nadu
Location in Tamil Nadu
Ariyalur district
Coordinates: 11°08′13″N 79°04′33″E / 11.13704°N 79.075821°E / 11.13704; 79.075821Coordinates: 11°08′13″N 79°04′33″E / 11.13704°N 79.075821°E / 11.13704; 79.075821
Country India
StateTamilNadu Logo.svg Tamil Nadu
 • District CollectorP. Ramana Saraswathi, IAS[1]
 • Superintendent of PoliceK. Feroze Khan Abdullah[2]
 • Total1,949.31 km2 (752.63 sq mi)
 • Total754,894
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTN 61

Gangaikonda Cholapuram, built by King Rajendra Cholan of Chola Empire, is a UNESCO World Heritage site situated in this district. The district is also known for its rich prehistoric fossils. Many fossils of gigantic molluscs and jawed fishes, at least one fossilized dinosaur egg, and several fragmentary fossils of sauropod and theropod dinosaurs have been discovered here.[4][5][6] An on-site museum is being set up at Keelapazhur to preserve and conserve fossils.[7] Ariyalur is noted for its cement industries and Jayankondam has huge reserves of lignite.[8]


In 1995, Tiruchirappalli was trifurcated and the Perambalur and Karur districts were formed. Ariyalur district was carved out of Perambalur district on 1 January 2001. But, it was merged with Perambalur district on 31 March 2002. Ariyalur district was re-carved on 23 November 2007. The district is bordered by the districts of Cuddalore to the north and north-east, Mayiladuthurai to the east, Thanjavur to the south and south-east, Tiruchirapalli to the south-west and Perambalur to the west.[citation needed]

Brihadeeswarar Temple, GangaikondacholapuramEdit

Brihadisvara Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva in Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Jayankondam, in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Completed in 1035 AD by Rajendra Chola I as a part of his new capital, this Chola dynasty era temple is similar in design, and has a similar name, as the older 11th century, Brihadeeswarar Temple about 70 km (43 mi) to the southwest in Thanjavur. The Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple is smaller yet more refined than the Thanjavur Temple. Both are among the largest Shiva temples in South India and examples of Dravidian style temples.


Religions in Ariyalur district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census, Ariyalur district has a population of 754,894,[10] roughly equal to the nation of Guyana[11] or the US state of Alaska.[12] This gives it a ranking of 491 in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 387 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi) .[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 8.19%.[10] Ariyalur has a sex ratio of 1016 females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 71.99%. 11.01% of the population lives in urban areas.[10] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 23.34% and 1.42% of the population, respectively. As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Tamil Nadu (out of 32), after Perambalur and Nilgiris.[10] Jayankondam is the most populated town in Ariyalur district. Tamil is the predominant language, spoken by 99.27% of the population.[13]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Ariyalur district 149 Ariyalur K. Chinnappa Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) UPA
150 Jayankondam K. S. K. Kannan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA

Important placesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "New Collector takes charge in Ariyalur". The Hindu. 13 July 2017 – via
  2. ^ "I-Day celebrations held in Ariyalur and Karur". The Hindu. 15 August 2022. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  3. ^ "2011 Census of India" (Excel). Indian government. 16 April 2011.
  4. ^ Nainar, Nahla (29 March 2019). "A trip through the fossil-rich grounds of Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  5. ^ Goswami, A.; Prasad, G. V. R.; Verma, O.; Flynn, J. J.; Benson, R. B. J. (16 April 2013). "A troodontid dinosaur from the latest Cretaceous of India". Nature Communications. 4 (1): 1703. Bibcode:2013NatCo...4.1703G. doi:10.1038/ncomms2716. ISSN 2041-1723. PMID 23591870.
  6. ^ "From the lost world". The Hindu. 24 February 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  7. ^ "With rare collection of fossils, Ariyalur museum in Tamil Nadu nearing completion". 5 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Ariyalur district".
  9. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Tamil Nadu". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guyana 744,768
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alaska 710,231
  13. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Tamil Nadu". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  14. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  15. ^ "Places of Interest | Ariyalur District, Government of Tamil Nadu | Land of Cements". Retrieved 8 April 2019.

External linksEdit