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The Argentine Rugby Union (Spanish: Unión Argentina de Rugby, abbreviated "UAR") is the governing body for rugby union in Argentina. It is a member of World Rugby with a seat on that body's Executive Council.

Argentine Rugby Union
Unión Argentina de Rugby
Uar rugby logo.png
SportRugby union
Founded10 April 1899; 120 years ago (1899-04-10)
(as "River Plate Rugby Union")[1]
WR affiliation1987
PresidentMarcelo Rodríguez
Men's coachMario Ledesma
Websiteuar.com.ar

The UAR organises all the national teams, including Senior (Pumas), U-20 (Pumitas), Argentina XV, Sevens and Women's squads and the franchise Jaguares that participates in SANZAAR's Super Rugby competition.

Contents

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

The first rugby match in Argentina was played in 1873, in the Buenos Aires Cricket Club Ground sited in Palermo, Buenos Aires. Only 24 players (all of them were English) could meet to contest the match. The teams were named Bancos ("Banks" in Spanish) and Ciudad ("City") and formed with 11 and 13 players respectively.

That same year, another match was played on the Polo Field of Flores AC, part of land owned by the Unzué family. The teams were called Inglaterra ("England") and El Mundo ("The World"). The first team was formed by Royal Navy officers that were temporarily in Buenos Aires, with the addition of some English citizens who resided in Argentina. Its rival was formed by English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish people plus some Argentine-born players of English descent.

On May 14, 1874, the Rugby Football Union rules were adopted to play rugby in Argentina. Those rules were used for the first time during the match contested at Buenos Aires Cricket Club between two teams from that institution. The teams were called El bando del Sr. Trench ("Mr. Trench's side"), and El bando del Sr. Hogg ("Mr. Hogg's side").[2]

Nevertheless, other sources say that the first game under the rules of rugby was played on Thursday, 14 May 1874, at David Mathven's country house, in Caballito, Buenos Aires.[3][4] Buenos Aires FC also played the first inter-provincial rugby game in Argentina, when it faced Rosario AC in the city of Rosario, on 28 June 1886.[5]

First championship organizedEdit

 
Act of foundation of the "River Plate Rugby Union", 10 April 1899

In 1899, clubs Belgrano, Rosario, Lomas, Buenos Aires and Flores[6] founded the "River Plate Rugby Union", naming Leslie William Corry-Smith as President.[7][1] The body organized the first championship that same year, played by the five founding members. In the inaugural game, Lomas defeated Buenos Aires by 11-4.[8] Lomas would be the first Argentine champion, winning the title at the end of the season.[4]

The sport requested an affiliation with the International Olympic Committee (COI), who advised them to add Argentina to their name and so they became the "Unión Argentina de Rugby" on 29 November 1951.

This body, one of the oldest rugby unions in the world, became a member of the International Rugby Board (IRB) after being invited to the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987.

When the rest of the rugby union world went professional in 1995, the UAR decided to keep the game amateur. Also, the Buenos Aires clubs split off the UAR and formed the Unión de Rugby de Buenos Aires (URBA), which has the same status as other provincial unions.

Argentine players who opt to go overseas to play professionally (historically in Italy and France, with an increasing number today playing in England) remain eligible for national team selection (although this was not originally the case). As a result, the national team was heavily, though not exclusively, made up of European-based players. In 2016, the UAR formed the Jaguares team to compete in the Super Rugby. Also, it established a policy of selecting Pumas players from Super Rugby teams only, thereby excluding players from European clubs.

National teamEdit

The first national team (under the name "The River Plate Rugby Football Union") made its debut against the British Lions (named "Combined British") when they toured Argentina in 1910 as part of the celebrations for the 100th anniversary of the Revolución de Mayo. The match was played on 12 June and the Argentina side lost 28-3.[9][10]

The Rugby ChampionshipEdit

Argentina officially joined The Rugby Championship following a meeting in Buenos Aires on November 23, 2011.[11] They became a full member of SANZAAR, the body which operates Super Rugby and The Rugby Championship competitions in rugby union, from the start of 2016.

NamesEdit

The Union had different names through the years. Them are detailed below:[1]

  • River Plate Rugby Union (1899–31)
  • Unión de Rugby del Río de la Plata (1931–51)
  • Unión Argentina de Rugby (1951–present)

StructureEdit

Regional Unions affiliated to Unión Argentina:

Union Region Establ. Notes
Alto Valle del Rio Negro y Neuquén Neuquén, Río Negro 1959
Andina La Rioja, Catamarca 2007
Austral Chubut, Río Negro 1971
Buenos Aires Greater Buenos Aires 1995 Originally, Buenos Aires clubs were UAR direct affiliates
Valle de Chubut Chubut 1971
Córdoba Córdoba 1931
Cuyo Mendoza 1945
Entre Ríos Entre Ríos 1979 Was part of the Unión de Rugby de Rosario until 1980.
Formosa Formosa 1988
Jujuy Jujuy 1966
Lagos del Sur Bariloche 2001 Also includes some regions of Río Negro, Chubut and Neuquén Provinces.
Mar del Plata Mar del Plata 1951 Also includes teams of Tandil.
Misiones Misiones 1977
Nordeste Chaco, Corrientes 1963
Oeste de Buenos Aires Buenos Aires, La Pampa 1986
Rosario Rosario, Córdoba 1928
Salta Salta 1958
San Luis San Luis 1977
San Juan San Juan 1952 Founded after separating from Unión de Cuyo.
Santa Cruz Santa Cruz 2008 Includes some clubs from Chile.
Santa Fe Santa Fe 1955 Separated from the Unión de Rugby del Litoral (today UR Rosario) in 1955, initially with clubs from Entre Ríos affiliated.
Santiago del Estero Santiago del Estero 1968
Sur Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Viedma 1954
Tierra del Fuego Tierra del Fuego, Argentine Antarctica 2000
Tucumán Tucumán 1944 Originally part of Unión de Rugby del Norte.

RankingEdit

Argentina's world rugby ranking

 


Source: WR - Updated to 06/30/2008[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c ""Hechos históricos de la Unión" at UAR website". Archived from the original on 2013-02-19. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  2. ^ "Historia del rugby en Argentina" by Horacio Spinetto, Todo es Historia magazine Nº 295
  3. ^ "1867: 140º Aniversario del primer partido de fútbol disputado en Sudamérica" by Víctor Raffo, 2007
  4. ^ a b ""Historia del Club" - BACRC website". Archived from the original on 2014-09-13. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
  5. ^ "Cuando el Rosario Athletic salió campeón... de fútbol" - CIHF Archived 2014-04-18 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Fundación del River Plate Rugby Championship on Club Atlético del Rosario, 10 Apr 2019
  7. ^ 120 Aniversario UAR, p.6, Olé, 10 Apr 2019
  8. ^ "Leslie Corry Smith, el primer referee oficial de Argentina", by Rubén Ayala at Lomas AC website
  9. ^ "El centenario del debut", Clarín, 13 June 2010
  10. ^ "De festejo también, pero por el Centenario" by Jorge Búsico, La Nación, 27 May 2010
  11. ^ Deges, Frankie. "Argentina is now part of Rugby Championship". Buenos Aires Herald. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  12. ^ World Rugby Rankings: Full world rankings

External linksEdit