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Argentine Mauser Model 1909

The Argentine Mauser Model 1909 were Gewehr 98 pattern bolt-action battle rifles designed for the Argentine Army. They were produced both in Germany and in Argentina.

Mauser Modelo Argentino 1909
Argentinean Mauser (3808895358).jpg
TypeBolt-action rifle
Place of originGermany
Service history
In service1905-Present[citation needed]
Used byArgentina
Paraguay
WarsChaco War
Production history
Designed1909
ManufacturerDWM
Fabrica Militar de Armas Portatiles
Produced1909-1959
No. built~285,000
Specifications
Mass4.17 kilograms (9.2 lb)
Length124 centimetres (49 in)
Barrel length74 centimetres (29 in)

Cartridge7.65×53mm Mauser
ActionBolt-action
Muzzle velocity839.6 metres per second (2,755 ft/s)
Feed system5-round stripper clip, internal magazine
SightsIron sights adjustable to 2,000 metres (2,200 yd)

DesignEdit

 
The action of the Argentine Mauser 1909

The Mauser 1909 was a slightly modified copy of the Gewehr 98. Among other modifications, the Lange Vizier sight was replaced by a tangent leaf sight. The M1909 was also able to use the bayonet of the Mauser 1891 it replaced.[1] The main producer in Germany was Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken that delivered 200,000 rifles[2] while around 85,000 rifles[1] were manufactured by the Fabrica Militar de Armas Portatiles, governmental plants in Rosario and Santa Fe. The Model 1909s were replaced by FN FALs[3] without having seen combat[4].

Some Argentine Mauser 1909 rifles and carbines without crests were sold to Paraguay during the Chaco War.[1]

VariantsEdit

  • Mauser 1909 sniper rifle: version with a German-made scope and a bent-down bolt handle.[4]
  • Mauser 1909 cavalry carbine: shortened variant, with a straight grip stock and a forecap that covers all the barrel.[5] The bayonet can be attached under this forecap.[6]
  • Mauser 1909 Moutain Carbine or Engineers Carbine: probably cut-down rifles[6]

Peruvian Mauser 1909Edit

 
Peruvian ceremonial unit in 2010 with Mauser rifles.

Peru received between 1910 and 1914 thousands of Mauser Model 1909 rifles, chambered in 7.65 Mauser. They were closer copies of the Gewehr 98, including the Lange Vizier sight.[7] Aside from the caliber, the only differences were the larger receiver ring, the 5 mm (0.20 in) shorter breech, the slightly modified strip guide to use older Model 1891 strips, the longer hammer, the aspheric shape of the bolt handle and the Peruvian markings.[8] While these rifles were able to fire the old bullets with round nose, they were later adapted to spitzer bullets.[9] These weapons were used during the Leticia Incident and the Ecuadorian–Peruvian War.[10] After 1945, the Mauser 1909s were replaced by American weapons and were sold in the civilian market in the 1960s, a few being kept as ceremonial rifles.[11]

UsersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Ball 2011, p. 12.
  2. ^ Webster 2003, p. [page needed].
  3. ^ Ball 2011, p. 9.
  4. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 14.
  5. ^ Ball 2011, p. 15.
  6. ^ a b Ball 2011, p. 18.
  7. ^ Ball 2011, pp. 289-290.
  8. ^ Guillou 2006, pp. 23-24.
  9. ^ Guillou 2006, pp. 24-25.
  10. ^ Jowett, Philip (28 Jun 2018). Latin American Wars 1900–1941: "Banana Wars," Border Wars & Revolutions. Men-at-Arms 519. Osprey Publishing. pp. 29, 46. ISBN 9781472826282.
  11. ^ Guillou 2006, p. 25.
  12. ^ Ch. M. Kieffer (15 December 1983). "Afghan". Encyclopædia Iranica (online ed.). Columbia University. Archived from the original on 2013-11-16.
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  15. ^ a b c d McLachlan, Sean (20 Sep 2011). Armies of the Adowa Campaign 1896: The Italian Disaster in Ethiopia. Men-at-Arms 471. Osprey Publishing. pp. 36, 44. ISBN 9781849084574.
  16. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Capie was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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  20. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Walter was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  21. ^ Sicard, Jacques (November 1982). "Les armes de Kolwezi". La Gazette des armes (in French). No. 111. pp. 25–30. Archived from the original on 2018-10-19. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
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  24. ^ a b c Smith, Joseph E. (1969). "Turkey". Small Arms of the World (11 ed.). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company. pp. 570–572.
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  26. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference weapon was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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  28. ^ Cite error: The named reference German was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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  41. ^ Cite error: The named reference Peru was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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  43. ^ Cite error: The named reference Senegal was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  44. ^ http://www.law.go.kr/lsInfoP.do?lsiSeq=61603&efYd=19880225#0000 Archived 29 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
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