Aressy (French pronunciation: ​[aʁɛsi]; Occitan: Arèssi) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. It is part of the urban area (unité urbaine) of Pau.[2]

Aressy
The Lagoin river at the church
The Lagoin river at the church
Location of Aressy
Aressy is located in France
Aressy
Aressy
Aressy is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Aressy
Aressy
Coordinates: 43°16′38″N 0°19′23″W / 43.2772°N 0.3231°W / 43.2772; -0.3231Coordinates: 43°16′38″N 0°19′23″W / 43.2772°N 0.3231°W / 43.2772; -0.3231
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementPau
CantonOuzom, Gave et Rives du Neez
IntercommunalityCA Pau Béarn Pyrénées
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Claude Ferrato
Area
1
2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
763
 • Density350/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64041 /64320
Elevation179–244 m (587–801 ft)
(avg. 241 m or 791 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arésyiens or Arésyiennes[3]

GeographyEdit

Aressy is located four kilometres south-east of Pau within the urban area of Pau. Access to the commune is by the D937 road from Pau which continues south-east to Meillon.[4]

The Idelis bus route P23 stops at Aressy Clinic at Pôle Bosquet. The commune is also served by Route 835 of the Interurban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Transports 64) between Bénéjacq and Pau, and by Route 805 between Lourdes and Pau.

Much of the commune is residential with some farmland and a large lake in the south.

The Gave de Pau flows north-west through the western part of the commune, and the Lagoin flows through the centre of the commune before joining the Gave de Pau just north-west of the commune.

Places and HamletsEdit

  • Las Costes
  • Labielle
  • Marque
  • Matachot
  • Le Saligat[5]

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

ToponymyEdit

Its name in Bearnais is Aressi (according to the classical norm of Occitan).

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[6] indicates that the place name could come from the Basque, meaning "place where there are rocks" which would confirm the hypothesis by Michel Grosclaude[7] of ar- ("stone or rock") with the Basque locative suffix -etz transformed into -esse.

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aressy Aressa 1010 Jobbé Village
Aressa 1101 Raymond
9
Lescar
Aresi 12th century Raymond
9
Lescar
Arecii 1376 Raymond
9
Military
Eressi 1385 Raymond
9
Census
Arecii 1538 Raymond
9
Reformation
Arressii 1546 Raymond
9
Reformation
Aressy 1750 Cassini
Arressy 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Le Junca Le Junca 1863 Raymond
86
Place
Les Pelades Les Pelades 1863 Raymond
133
Place
Le Saliga Le Saliga 1863 Raymond
133
Moor
Le Tuquet Le Tuquet 1863 Raymond
169
Wood

Sources:

Origins:

  • Lescar: Cartulary of Lescar[9]
  • Military: Military Inspection of Béarn[10]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[11]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[12]

HistoryEdit

Paul Raymond noted on page 9 of his dictionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. In 1385, Aressy had nine fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau.[5]

AdministrationEdit

 
The Town Hall
 
Aressy Medical Centre

List of Successive Mayors[13]

From To Name Party
1995 2001 Monique Lanusse-Cazalé
2001 2026 Claude Ferrato MoDem

Inter-communalityEdit

Aressy is part of nine inter-communal structures:

  • the Public agency of local management;
  • the Communauté d'agglomération Pau Béarn Pyrénées;
  • the AEP association for the Jurançon region;
  • the defense against floods association for the Lagoin catchment area;
  • the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the Narcastet leisure centre;
  • the inter-communal association for defense against flooding of the Gave de Pau;
  • the inter-communal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Bizanos;
  • the Joint association for urban transport Pau - Porte des Pyrenees

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 712 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 480—    
1800 215−10.84%
1806 202−1.03%
1821 230+0.87%
1831 276+1.84%
1836 273−0.22%
1841 288+1.08%
1846 314+1.74%
1851 313−0.06%
1856 334+1.31%
1861 345+0.65%
1866 343−0.12%
1872 360+0.81%
1876 355−0.35%
1881 368+0.72%
1886 374+0.32%
1891 345−1.60%
1896 326−1.13%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 346+1.20%
1906 328−1.06%
1911 321−0.43%
1921 320−0.03%
1926 357+2.21%
1931 429+3.74%
1936 418−0.52%
1946 416−0.05%
1954 450+0.99%
1962 399−1.49%
1968 476+2.98%
1975 601+3.39%
1982 578−0.56%
1990 546−0.71%
1999 543−0.06%
2007 571+0.63%
2012 638+2.24%
2017 712+2.22%
Source: EHESS[14] and INSEE[15]
 
Aressy War Memoprial

EconomyEdit

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and HeritageEdit

 
The Church of Saint Denys

Religious heritageEdit

The Parish Church of Saint Denys (1874)  is registered as an historical monument.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ Commune d'Aressy (64041), INSEE
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  4. ^ Google Maps
  5. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  6. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (in French)
  7. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  8. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Aressy
  9. ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (in French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ List of Mayors of France
  14. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Aressy, EHESS. (in French)
  15. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000643 Parish Church of Saint Denys (in French)

External linksEdit