Area codes 614 and 380
Area code 614 and 380 are the area codes in the North American Numbering Plan for all or part of four surrounding counties in central Ohio, centered around the state capital of Columbus. Area code 614 is one of the original area codes assigned for Ohio in 1947, while area code 380 is an overlay code covering the same territory.
AT&T originally split Ohio into four numbering plan areas (NPAs), one for each quadrant of the state. Area code 614 was assigned to the southeastern quadrant, from Columbus to the Ohio River along the West Virginia border, stretching as far north as Steubenville.
Despite central Ohio's growth in the second half of the 20th century, this configuration remained in place for 51 years. In 1998, nearly all of the southern portion of the old 614 territory was split into the new area code 740. Ameritech, at that time the predominant incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC), had proposed a split of 614 which generally would have seen Franklin, Delaware and Marion Counties retaining 614, with the rest of the Columbus suburbs following the rural portion of the old 614 into the new 740. A complaint before the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) claiming unequal treatment of the suburban counties was brought by Granville attorney J. Drew McFarland, later joined by the Village of Granville, Licking and Fairfield counties and others, wishing for an overlay area code. The PUCO instead reduced the 614 footprint to Columbus itself and Franklin County. A subsequent appeal made slight variations that allowed Dublin and Westerville to retain 614; both cities are mostly in Franklin County, but spill into neighboring counties. The case represented the first time nationally that an ILEC's plan was substantially modified by consumer action. The reconfigured 614 now comprised all of Franklin County and portions of Delaware, Fairfield and Union counties.
With 614 reduced to be all but synonymous with Columbus, it appears on some T-shirt designs that use 614 as an abbreviation or short form to identify the city.
In 2001, it was planned to overlay area code 614 with area code 380, in anticipation of exhaustion. However, the anticipated growth did not materialize and number pooling replaced the proposal. On January 14, 2015 the PUCO instructed the telecommunications industry to finally implement the new area code on February 27, 2016. Ten-digit local dialing has been required since January 30, 2016.
- McFarland v. Ameritech Ohio, PUCO 97-547-TP-CSS
- "Cell-phone age turns the 614 into just numbers". The Columbus Dispatch. May 16, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- "Area code 614 running out of numbers; 380 'overlay' to debut next year". The Columbus Dispatch. March 3, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- "PL – 477" (PDF). February 20, 2015.
- "Central Ohio's new 380 area code joins 614 on Jan. 30". The Columbus Dispatch. January 5, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- NANPA area code map of Ohio
- LincMad's Area Code Splits with details on 740 split
- AT&T Current status of Ohio's area codes
- List of exchanges from AreaCodeDownload.com, 614 Area Code
|West: 740, 937/326||area code 614/380||East: 740|