Archontophoenicinae

Archontophoenicinae is a botanical subtribe consisting of four genera of palms, namely Archontophoenix from Queensland and New South Wales and Actinokentia, Chambeyronia and Kentiopsis from New Caledonia.[1][2] Phylogenetic relationships between the four genera are unresolved.[3]

Archontophoenicinae
ArchontophoenixC.jpg
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Areceae
Subtribe: Archontophoenicinae
J.Dransf. & N.W.Uhl
Genera

DescriptionEdit

The palms in this subtribe are medium-sized palms, with well-developed, distinct crownshafts and strictly pinnate leaves with generally short and massive petioles. The inflorescences are branched to two or three orders, with the prophyll and penduncular bracts similar. The subtribe is homogenous compared to other subtribes of the Areceae. All the genera have more than six stamens. The New Caledonian genera have distinctive leaf anatomy and may share a common ancestor (Uhl and Dransfield 1987:367).

ReferencesEdit

  • Dransfield, John, Natalie W Uhl, Conny B Asmussen, William J Baker, Madeline M Harley, and Carl E Lewis (2005) A new phylogenetic classification of the palm family, Arecaceae. Kew Bulletin, Vol. 60 (2005).
  • Uhl, Natalie W. and Dransfield, John (1987) Genera Palmarum - A classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore. Lawrence, Kansas: Allen Press. ISBN 0-935868-30-5 / ISBN 978-0-935868-30-2.
  • USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "Genus Mackeea H. E. Moore". Germplasm Resources Information Network — (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-05-08.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Some sources include the genus Mackeea in Archontophoenicinae. This is a synonym of Kentiopsis.
  2. ^ Two other genera, Hedyscepe from Lord Howe Island and Rhopalostylis from Norfolk Island, Australia, and New Zealand (including the Kermadec Islands) were formerly included in this subtribe, but have now been separated out to form the subtribe Rhopalostylidinae (Dransfield, Uhl et al., 2005).
  3. ^ Domenech, B., C. B. Asmussen-Lange, W. J. Baker, E. Alapetite, J. C. Pintaud, and S. Nadot. (2014) A Phylogenetic Analysis of Palm Subtribe Archontophoenicinae (Arecaceae) Based on 14 DNA Regions.” Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 175 (4): 469–81.