Open main menu

Archie Moore (born Archibald Lee Wright; December 13, 1916 – December 9, 1998) was an American professional boxer and the longest reigning World Light Heavyweight Champion of all time (December 1952 – May 1962). He had one of the longest professional careers in the history of the sport, competing from 1935 to 1963. Nicknamed "The Mongoose", and then "The Old Mongoose" in the latter half of his career, Moore was a highly strategical and defensive boxer, with a great chin and durability. Archie Moore ranks fourth on The Ring's list of "100 greatest punchers of all time". Moore is rated by prominent boxing website BoxRec as the 3rd greatest pound-for-pound boxer of all-time.[1] Moore was also a trainer for a short time after retirement, training boxers such as Muhammad Ali, George Foreman and James Tillis.

Archie Moore
Archie Moore 1955.jpg
Archie Moore in 1955
Statistics
Real nameArchibald Lee Wright
Nickname(s)The (Old) Mongoose
Ancient Archie
Weight(s)Middleweight
Light Heavyweight
Heavyweight
Height5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
Reach75 in (191 cm)
NationalityAmerican
Born(1916-12-13)December 13, 1916
Benoit, Mississippi, U.S.
DiedDecember 9, 1998(1998-12-09) (aged 81)
San Diego, California, U.S.
StanceOrthodox
Boxing record
Total fights219
Wins186
Wins by KO131
Losses23
Draws10
No contests1

A native of Benoit, Mississippi, Moore was raised in St. Louis, Missouri and grew up in poverty. A victim of racism for much of his career, Moore was denied a shot at the world title for over ten years, and spent many of those years fighting on the road with little to show for it. An important figure in the American black community, he became involved in African American causes once his days as a fighter were over. He also established himself as a successful character actor in television and film. Moore died in his adopted home of San Diego, California; he was 81 years old.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Born Archibald Lee Wright, the son of Thomas Wright, a farm laborer and drifter, and Lorena Wright. He always insisted that he was born in 1916 in Collinsville, Illinois, but his mother told reporters that he was actually born in 1913 in Benoit, Mississippi. His father abandoned the family when Archie was an infant. Unable to provide for him and his older sister, his mother gave them into the care of an uncle and aunt, Cleveland and Willie Pearl Moore, who lived in St. Louis. Archie later explained why he was given their surname: "It was less questions to be called Moore."

He attended segregated all-black schools in St. Louis, including Lincoln High School, although he never graduated. His uncle and aunt provided him with a stable upbringing, but after his uncle died in a freak accident around 1928, Moore began running with a street gang. One of his first thefts was a pair of oil lamps from his home, which he sold so that he would have money to buy boxing gloves. He later recalled of his stealing: "It was inevitable that I would be caught. I think I knew this even before I started, but somehow the urge to have a few cents in my pocket made me overlook this eventuality". After he was arrested for attempting to steal change from a motorman's box on a streetcar, he was sentenced to a three-year term at a reform school in Booneville, Missouri. He was released early from the school for good behavior after serving twenty-two months.

Around 1933 Moore joined the Civilian Conservation Corps, working for the forestry division at a camp in Poplar Bluff, Missouri. Having determined to become a boxer, he decided to make his work at the camp a form of training. He later recalled that the other boys constantly kidded him about one daily exercise—standing upright in the bed of a truck as it drove along primitive forest roads, waiting until the last possible moment before ducking or weaving away from tree branches. The captain of the camp permitted him to organize a boxing team, which competed in Golden Gloves tournaments in southern Missouri and Illinois. Many of his fights occurred in a racially charged atmosphere; he later described one of them, against a white boxer named Bill Richardson in Poplar Bluff:

I knocked him down with a volley of head punches about one minute into round one. His brother ... was the referee. He was furious at me and told me to keep my punches up. Since I had been hitting Bill in the head I would have missed him altogether if I threw my punches any higher. But the referee said I had fouled him. ... I got steamed at this and offered to fight [the referee], too. I resolved not to hit Bill any place but his head. ... In the second round I dropped him with a left hook that spun his head like a top. ... I heard a man at ringside say, "For two cents I'd shoot that nigger."

After the bout, the boxing team was followed back to camp by a line of cars loaded with angry "townies". They dispersed only when the camp captain threatened them with a submachine gun.[citation needed]

Professional boxing careerEdit

He turned professional in 1935 and boxed all but one of his 12 bouts that year in San Diego. Moore had eight bouts in 1939, going 5–2 during that span, with one "no contest". He lost to former Middleweight Champion and future Hall of Famer Teddy Yarosz during that time, and his no-contest was against Jack Coggins, in eight rounds.

In 1940, Moore made a tour of Australia and fought in Melbourne, Tasmania, Adelaide and Sydney. He won all of his seven bouts there, including six by knockout. Upon returning to the United States, he defeated Pancho Ramirez by a knockout in five but lost to Shorty Hogue on a six-round decision.

First retirement and comebackEdit

Moore had four fights in 1941, during which he went 2–1–1, with the draw against Eddie Booker. By then, however, he had suffered through several stomach ulcers, with the resulting operations, and he announced his retirement from boxing.

His retirement was brief, however, and by 1942 he was back in the ring. He won his first six bouts that year, including a second-round knockout of Hogue in a rematch, and a ten-round decision over Jack Chase. He met Booker in a rematch, and reached the same conclusion as their first meeting had: another 10-round draw.

In 1943, Moore fought seven bouts, winning five and losing two. He won and then lost the California State Middleweight title against Chase, both by 15-round decisions, and beat Chase again in his last bout of that year, in a ten-round decision. He also lost a decision to Aaron Wade that year.

The Atlantic CoastEdit

In 1944, he had nine bouts, going 7–2. His last bout that year marked his debut on the Atlantic Coast, and the level of his opposition began to improve. He beat Jimmy Hayden by a knockout in five, lost to future Hall of Famer Charlie Burley by a decision, and to Booker by a knockout in eight.

He won his first eight bouts of 1945, impressing Atlantic coast boxing experts and earning a fight with future IBHOF enshrinee Jimmy Bivins, who defeated Moore by a knockout in six at Cleveland. He returned to the Eastern Seaboard to fight five more times before that year was over. He met, among others, future IBHOF enshrinee Holman Williams during that span, losing a ten-round decision, and knocking him out in eleven in the rematch.

By 1946, Moore had moved to the light heavyweight division and he went 5–2–1 that year, beating contender Curtis Sheppard, but losing to future World Heavyweight Champion and Hall of Famer Ezzard Charles by a decision in ten, and drawing with old nemesis Chase. By then, Moore began complaining publicly that, according to him, none of boxing's world champions would risk their titles fighting him.

1947 was essentially a year of rematches for Moore. He went 7–1 that year, his one loss being to Charles. He beat Chase by a knockout in nine, Sheppard by a decision in ten and Bivins by a knockout in nine. He also defeated Burt Lytell, by a decision in ten.

He fought a solid 14 fights in 1948, losing again to Charles by a knockout in nine, losing to Leonard Morrow by a knockout in the first, to Henry Hall by a decision in ten and to Lloyd Gibson by a disqualification in four. But he also beat Ted Lowry, by a decision in ten, and Hall in a rematch, also by decision.

1949 was also a good year for Moore: He had 13 bouts that year, going 12–1. He defeated the Alabama Kid twice; by knockout in four and by knockout in three, Bob Satterfield by a knockout in three, Bivins by a knockout in eight, future World Light Heavyweight Champion and IBHOF inductee Harold Johnson by a decision, Bob Sikes by a knockout in three and Phil Muscato by a decision. He lost to Clinton Bacon by a disqualification in six.

By Moore's standards, 1950 was a vacation year for him: he only had two fights, winning both, including a 10-round decision in a rematch with Lydell.

In 1951, Moore boxed 18 times, winning 16, losing one, and drawing one. He went on an Argentinian tour, fighting seven times there, winning six and drawing one. In between those seven fights, he found time for a trip to Montevideo, Uruguay, where he defeated Vicente Quiroz by a knockout in six. He knocked out Bivins in nine and split two decisions with Johnson.

World Light Heavyweight ChampionEdit

 
Archie Moore vs. Joey Maxim in December 1952

1952 was one of the most important years in Moore's life. After beating Johnson, heavyweight contenders Jimmy Slade, Bob Dunlap, and Clarence Henry and light heavyweight Clinton Bacon (knocked out in four in a rematch), Moore was finally given an opportunity at age 36 to fight for the title of World Light Heavyweight Champion against future IBHOF honoree Joey Maxim.

Maxim had just defeated the great Sugar Ray Robinson by a technical knockout in 14 rounds, forcing Robinson to quit in his corner due to heat exhaustion. Against Maxim, Moore consistently landed powerful right hands, hurting him several times en route to a fifteen-round decision. After sixteen long years, he had finally achieved his dream.

He was far from done, however. The next year, Moore won all nine of his bouts, including a 10-round, non-title win against then fringe heavyweight contender Nino Valdez of Cuba and a 15-round decision over Maxim in a rematch to retain the belt. He made two more bouts in Argentina before the end of the year.

 
Archie Moore in 1954

In 1954, he had only four fights, retaining the title in a third fight with Maxim, who once again went the 15 round distance, and versus Johnson, who he knocked out in 14. He also beat highly ranked heavyweight Bob Baker.

In 1955, Moore again beat Valdez, who by that time was the no. 1 heavyweight contender, and defended against Bobo Olson, the World Middleweight Champion and future Hall of Famer who was coming off a decision victory over Joey Maxim, by a knockout in three.

"The Mongoose", received two cracks at the heavyweight championship of the world. On September 21, 1955, Moore faced future Hall of Famer Rocky Marciano at New York's Yankee Stadium. It was in this fight Archie came closest to wearing the belt. A Moore surprise right hand in the 2nd round sent Marciano down for the second and final time in his career, setting the stage for a legendary battle, but also creating controversy as far as shared memory. In subsequent years Moore made much of Referee Harry Kessler's handling of the pivotal moment. A half-decade on, in Archie's autobiography, he describes in detail the referee, though Rocky arose at "two", continuing a superfluous mandatory eight-count: "...Kessler went on, three, four. The mandatory count does not apply in championship bouts (1955)...My seconds were screaming for me to finish him and I moved to do so, but Kessler...carefully wiped off Rocky's gloves, giving him another few seconds...he gave him a sort of stiff jerk, which may have helped Rocky clear his head." Moore admits to being angry enough at what he saw as interference, he went recklessly, "blind and stupid with rage", going for the knockout, toe-to-toe.[2] This resentment toward referee Kessler appears only to have grown more entrenched. By the time of a recorded interview with Peter Heller, in October, 1970, Archie had this to say: "(Kessler) had no business refereeing that match because he was too excitable. He didn't know what to do...He grabbed Marciano's gloves and began to wipe Marciano's gloves and look over his shoulder...I'll never forget it. It cost me the heavyweight title."[3]

This grudge, however, was not mutual. In his own autobiography, Harry Kessler indeed recounts Marciano-Moore with a great excitement, frequently employing exclamation marks in his punctuation, going so far as a direct comparison to the donnybrook between Jack Dempsey and Luis Firpo. Yet, the third man is evenhanded in his praise, taking time over most of a chapter on the bout, to laud Moore. Ais praise for Moore include the following quotes: "Archie had exuded a stalwart confidence from his training camp..." "Archie Moore had more punches in his arsenal than Robin Hood and all his Merry Men had arrows in their quivers..." "Archie Moore was probably as sure a fighter as ever set foot in the ring..." "No one ever questioned Archie Moore's courage...". As for the knockdown, described here also in detail, Kessler offers a perspective directly contradicting Moore's, saying "I didn't bother to wipe Marciano's gloves on my shirt before I waved them back to combat; that early in the drama, there was no resin on the canvas." As opposed to any blind rage, Kessler states that "Archie hesitated a couple of seconds before he came in." With humor and without malice, Kessler even recounts the 38-year-old Moore poo-pooing any talk of retirement at the postfight press conference, then sitting in on bass fiddle at a hotspot in Greenwich Village until 5 A.M.![4]

Examination of the original, uncut closed circuit broadcast from 1955, shows no excesses in referee involvement. Marciano arises at "two", but the voice of Al Berl, assigned the counting for knockdowns, continues to "four". In harmony with Archie's further 1960 description, Marciano has moved to the ropes and rests an elbow. Moore is already moving toward him. Kessler flashes onscreen quickly, then away again, as though he had meant to separate the fighters. He is perpendicular to Marciano's chest, and his right hand waves rapidly near Rocky's left glove. Kessler reverses out as fast as he has come into frame, with no wiping of Marciano's gloves, and the action resumes. Marciano recovered, and went on to knock Moore down five times, finally knocking him out in the ninth to retain the belt. It was Marciano's sixth and last title defense, before retiring in 1956.

 
Archie Moore and Onyx Roach in 1956

In 1956, Moore fought mostly as a heavyweight but did retain his Light Heavyweight title with a ten-round knockout over Yolande Pompey in London. He won 11 bouts in a row before challenging again for the World Heavyweight Championship. The title was left vacant by Marciano, but Moore lost to Floyd Patterson by a knockout in five (Patterson, yet another future Hall of Famer, himself made history that night, becoming, at the age of 21, the youngest World Heavyweight Champion yet, a record he would hold until 1986).

Moore won all six of his bouts during 1957. Among those wins was an easy 10-round decision over heavyweight contender Hans Kalbfell in Germany, a knockout in 7 rounds over highly ranked Tony Anthony to retain the light heavyweight title, a one-sided 10-round decision over light heavyweight contender Eddie Cotton in a non-title bout and a 4th-round knockout of future top ten heavyweight contender Roger Rischer.

In 1958, Moore had 10 fights, going 9–0–1 during that span. His fight with Yvon Durelle in particular was of note: defending his world light heavyweight title in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, he was felled three times in round one, and once again in round five, but then dropped Durelle in round 10 and won by a knockout in the 11th.

1959, his last full year as uncontested champion, was another rare low-profile year; in his two fights, he beat Sterling Davis by a knockout in three, and then Durelle again, also by a knockout in three, to once again retain his World Light Heavyweight title.

During 1960, Moore was stripped of his World Light Heavyweight title by the National Boxing Association (NBA), but continued to be recognized by most major boxing authorities including the New York State Athletic Commission and The Ring Magazine. Moore won three of his four bouts in 1960, one by decision against Buddy Turman in Dallas, his lone loss coming in a ten-round decision versus Giulio Rinaldi in Rome.

In 1961, he defeated Turman again by decision in Manila, Philippines before defending his Lineal World Light Heavyweight Championship for what would be the last time, beating Rinaldi by a 15-round decision to retain the belt. In his last fight that year, he once again ventured into the heavyweights, and met Pete Rademacher, a man who had made history earlier in his career by becoming the first man ever to challenge for a world title in his first professional bout (when he lost to Patterson by a knockout in six). Moore beat Rademacher by a knockout in nine.

In 1962, the remaining boxing commissions that had continued to back Moore as the World Light Heavyweight Champion withdrew their recognition. He campaigned exclusively as a heavyweight from then on, and beat Alejandro Lavorante by a knockout in 10 and Howard King by a knockout in one round in Tijuana. He then drew against future World Light Heavyweight Champion Willie Pastrano in a 10-round heavyweight contest. On the posters advertising that fight, Moore was billed as the "World Light Heavyweight Champion." The bout took place in California, which had not yet withdrawn recognition from Moore at the time the Moore-Pastrano fight was signed. By the time the bout took place, the California commission, like New York, Massachusetts, the EBU and Ring Magazine, had recognized Harold Johnson, who had beaten Doug Jones 16 days earlier, as the new Light Heavyweight Champion. Johnson had reigned as the NBA (WBA) Champion since February 7, 1961.

Then, in his last fight of note, Moore faced a young heavyweight out of Louisville named Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali). Moore had been Clay's trainer for a time, but Clay became dissatisfied and left Moore because of Moore's attempts to change his style and his insistence that Clay do dishes and help clean gym floors.

In the days before the fight, Clay had rhymed that "Archie Moore...Must fall in four." Moore replied that he had perfected a new punch for the match: The Lip-Buttoner.

Nonetheless, as Clay predicted, Moore was beaten by a knockout in four rounds. Moore is the only man to have faced both Rocky Marciano and Muhammad Ali.

After one more fight in 1963, a third-round knockout win over Mike DiBiase in Phoenix, Moore announced his retirement from boxing, for good.

Final retirementEdit

Despite retiring, Moore couldn't escape the limelight, and received numerous awards and dedications. In 1965, he was given the key to the city of San Diego, California. In 1970, he was named "Man of The Year" by Listen Magazine, and received the key to the city of Sandpoint, Ohio.

He was elected in 1985 to the St. Louis city Boxing Hall of Fame and he received the Rocky Marciano Memorial Award in the city of New York in 1988. In 1990, he became a member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame in Canastota, New York, being one of the original members of that institution.

At one point the oldest boxer to win the World's Light Heavyweight Championship, he is believed to have been the only boxer who boxed professionally in the eras of Joe Louis, Rocky Marciano and Muhammad Ali. He is one of only a handful of boxers whose careers spanned four decades, retiring with a final record of 185 wins, 23 losses, 11 draws and 1 no contest, with 131 official knockouts.

However, at least three of Moore's 131 knockouts came in less-than-competitive matches against pro wrestlers: "Professor" Roy Shire in 1956, Sterling Davis in 1959 and Mike DiBiase in 1963 (Moore's 131st and final knockout).[5] All three matches are officially listed as third-round TKO stoppages. The second-highest amount of knockouts in boxing history is 128, which belongs to Sam Langford .[6]

During the 1960s he founded an organization called Any Boy Can, which taught boxing to underprivileged youth in the San Diego area. In 1974 he helped train heavyweight boxer George Foreman for his famous "Rumble in the Jungle" title bout in Zaire against Muhammad Ali. In 1976 he served as an assistant coach for the Nigerian Olympic boxing team. Actively involved in efforts to teach children about the dangers of drug abuse, he worked during the 1980s as a youth boxing instructor for the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development, assigned largely to ghettos in San Diego and Los Angeles. "I try to pass on the arts I know: self-control, self-reliance, self-defense," he told a reporter. In the early 1990s he again worked as a trainer for George Foreman.[7]

Acting careerEdit

In 1960, Moore was chosen to play the role of the runaway slave Jim in Michael Curtiz's film adaptation of Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, opposite Eddie Hodges as Huck. Moore garnered positive reviews for his sympathetic portrayal of Jim, which some viewers still consider the best interpretation of this much-filmed role.

Moore did not choose to pursue a full-time career as an actor, but he did appear in 1960s films such as The Carpetbaggers (1964), The Hanged Man (1964) and The Fortune Cookie (1966), and on television in episodes of Family Affair, Perry Mason, Wagon Train, The Reporter, Batman (episode 35) and the soap opera One Life to Live. His later film appearances included the crime film The Outfit (1973), as a chef in Breakheart Pass (1975) with Charles Bronson, and a cameo role as himself in the 1982 film Penitentiary II, along with Leon Isaac Kennedy and Mr. T.

Personal lifeEdit

 
Archie Moore and Joan Hardy in 1956

Archie Moore had three daughters, Reena, J'Marie and Elizabeth Moore-Stump, and four sons, Archie Jr., Hardy, Anthony and D'Angelo.[8] The marriage of Archie Moore and Elizabeth Thorton produced Archie Jr. and Elizabeth. In 1956, he married Joan Hardy and had five children: Reena, J'Marie, Hardy, Anthony and D'Angelo. They were married until his death in 1998.

In 1997, J'Marie Moore became the first daughter of a famous boxer to herself become a professional boxer.[9]

DeathEdit

Archie Moore died of heart failure in 1998, four days before his 82nd birthday. He was cremated and is interred in a niche at Cypress View Mausoleum and Crematory, in San Diego.

AccoladesEdit

  • In 1965, Moore was also inducted by the San Diego Hall of Champions into the Breitbard Hall of Fame.[10]
  • In 1980, he was inducted into the World Boxing Hall of Fame.
  • In 1990, he was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame.[11]
  • In 2002, Archie Moore was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame.[12]
  • In 2006, Moore was inducted into the California Boxing Hall of Fame.
  • The Ring ranked Moore #4 on its "Best Punchers of all time" list in 2003 and #14 on its list of the "80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years."
  • Moore was ranked as the #1 light heavyweight of all-time by the International Boxing Research Organization in 2005.[13]
  • Moore was voted as the #1 light heavyweight of the 20th century by the Associated Press in 1999.[14]
  • Moore is rated the number sixth pound for pound fighter of all time by Boxrec.[1]

Professional boxing recordEdit

185 Wins (131 knockouts, 54 decisions), 23 Losses (7 knockouts, 16 decisions), 10 Draws, 1 No Decision[15]
Res. Record Opponent Type Round Date Location Notes
Win 184–23–9   Mike DiBiase TKO 3 (10) 15/03/1963   Phoenix, Arizona, United States
Loss 183–23–9   Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) KO 4 (10) 15/11/1962   Los Angeles, California, United States See Cassius Clay vs. Archie Moore.
Draw 183–22–9   Willie Pastrano Draw 10 28/05/1962   Los Angeles, California, United States
Win 183–22–8   Howard King KO 1 (10) 07/05/1962   Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico
Win 182–22–8   Alejandro Lavorante TKO 10 (10) 30/03/1962   Los Angeles, California, United States Lavorante carried out on a stretcher.
Win 181–22–8   Pete Rademacher TKO 6 (10) 23/10/1961   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 180–22–8   Giulio Rinaldi UD 15 10/06/1961   New York, New York, United States Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 179–22–8   Buddy Turman UD 10 25/03/1961   Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Win 178–22–8   Buddy Turman UD 10 28/11/1960   Dallas, Texas, United States
Loss 177–22–8   Giulio Rinaldi PTS 10 29/10/1960   Rome, Lazio, Italy
Win 177–21–8   George Abinet RTD 3 (10) 13/09/1960   Dallas, Texas, United States
Win 176–21–8   Willi Besmanoff TKO 10 (15) 25/05/1960   Indianapolis, Indiana, United States Won American Heavyweight Title
Win 175–21–8   Yvon Durelle KO 3 (15) 12/08/1959   Montreal, Quebec, Canada Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 174–21–8   Sterling Davis TKO 3 (10) 09/03/1959   Odessa, Texas, United States
Win 173–21–8   Yvon Durelle KO 11 (15) 10/12/1958   Montreal, Quebec, Canada Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Draw 172–21–8   Howard King Draw 10 04/08/1958   Reno, Nevada, United States
Win 172–21–7   Howard King PTS 10 09/06/1958   Sacramento, California, United States
Win 171–21–7   Charley Norkus UD 10 26/05/1958   San Francisco, California, United States
Win 170–21–7   Howard King PTS 10 17/05/1958   San Diego, California, United States
Win 169–21–7   Willi Besmanoff SD 10 02/05/1958   Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Win 168–21–7   Bob Albright TKO 7 (10) 10/03/1958   Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Win 167–21–7   Bert Whitehurst TKO 10 (10) 04/03/1958   San Bernardino, California, United States
Win 166–21–7   Julio Neves KO 3 (10) 01/02/1958   Rio de Janeiro, Distrito Federal, Brazil
Win 165–21–7   Luis Ignacio PTS 10 18/01/1958   São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Win 164–21–7   Roger Rischer KO 4 (10) 29/11/1957   Portland, Oregon, United States
Win 163–21–7   Eddie Cotton PTS 10 05/11/1958   Seattle, Washington, United States
Win 162–21–7   Ralph Hooker TKO 5 (10) 31/10/1957   Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Win 161–21–7   Tony Anthony KO 7 (15) 20/09/1957   Los Angeles, California, United States Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 160–21–7   Alain Cherville TKO 6 (10) 02/06/1957   Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Win 159–21–7   Alain Cherville UD 10 01/05/1957   Essen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Loss 158–21–7   Floyd Patterson KO 5 (15) 30/11/1956   Chicago, Illinois, United States For vacant The Ring and Lineal World Heavyweight Titles.
Win 158–20–7   Roy Shire TKO 3 (10) 08/09/1956   Ogden, Utah, United States
Win 157–20–7   James J Parker TKO 9 (15) 25/07/1956   Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Win 156–20–7   Yolande Pompey TKO 10 (15) 05/06/1956   Harringay, London, United Kingdom Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 155–20–7   Gene Thompson TKO 3 (10) 30/04/1956   Tucson, Arizona, United States
Win 154–20–7   Sonny Andrews KO 4 (10) 26/04/1956   Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Win 153–20–7   George Parmentier TKO 3 (10) 16/04/1956   Seattle, Washington, United States
Win 152–20–7   Willie Bean TKO 5 (10) 10/04/1956   Richmond, California, United States
Win 151–20–7   Howard King PTS 10 27/03/1956   Sacramento, California, United States
Win 150–20–7   Frankie Daniels UD 10 17/03/1956   Hollywood, California, United States
Win 149–20–7   Bob Dunlap KO 1 (10) 27/02/1956   San Diego, California, United States
Win 148–20–7   Howard King PTS 10 20/02/1956   San Francisco, California, United States
Loss 147–20–7   Rocky Marciano KO 9 (15) 21/09/1955   Bronx, New York, United States For The Ring and Lineal World Heavyweight Titles.
Win 147–19–7   Bobo Olson KO 3 (15) 22/06/1955   New York, New York, United States Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 146–19–7   Nino Valdes PTS 15 02/05/1955   Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
Win 145–19–7   Harold Johnson TKO 14 (15) 11/08/1954   New York, New York, United States Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 144–19–7   Bert Whitehurst TKO 6 (10) 07/06/1954   New York, New York, United States
Win 143–19–7   Bob Baker TKO 9 (10) 09/03/1954   Miami Beach, Florida, United States
Win 142–19–7   Joey Maxim UD 15 27/01/1954   Miami, Florida, United States Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 141–19–7   Dogomar Martinez PTS 10 12/09/1953   Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal, Argentina
Win 140–19–7   Rinaldo Ansaloni TKO 4 (10) 22/08/1953   Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal, Argentina
Win 139–19–7   Joey Maxim UD 15 24/06/1953   Ogden, Utah, United States Retained The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 138–19–7   Frank Buford TKO 9 (10) 30/03/1953   San Diego, California, United States
Win 137–19–7   Al Spaulding KO 3 (10) 17/03/1953   Spokane, Washington, United States
Win 136–19–7   Nino Valdes UD 10 11/03/1953   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 135–19–7   Sonny Andrews TKO 5 (10) 03/03/1953   Sacramento, California, United States
Win 134–19–7   Leonard Dugan TKO 8 (10) 16/02/1953   San Francisco, California, United States
Win 133–19–7   Toxie Hall KO 4 (10) 27/01/1953   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 132–19–7   Joey Maxim UD 15 17/12/1952   St. Louis, Missouri, United States Won The Ring and Lineal World Light Heavyweight Titles.
Win 131–19–7   Clinton Bacon TKO 4 (10) 25/07/1952   Denver, Colorado, United States
Win 130–19–7   Clarence Henry UD 10 26/06/1952   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 129–19–7   Bob Dunlap KO 6 (10) 19/05/1952   San Francisco, California, United States
Win 128–19–7   Jimmy Slade UD 10 27/02/1952   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 127–19–7   Harold Johnson UD 10 29/01/1952   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Loss 126–19–7   Harold Johnson UD 10 10/12/1951   Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Win 126–18–7   Chubby Wright TKO 7 (10) 29/10/1951   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 125–18–7   Harold Johnson UD 10 24/09/1951   Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Win 124–18–7   Embrel Davidson KO 1 (10) 05/09/1951   Detroit, Michigan, United States
Win 123–18–7   Alfredo Lagay KO 3 (10) 17/08/1951   Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Win 122–18–7   Rafael Miranda TKO 4 (10) 05/08/1951   Comodoro Rivadavia, Chubut, Argentina
Win 121–18–7   Americo Capitanelli KO 3 (10) 28/07/1951   San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán, Argentina
Win 120–18–7   Victor Carabajal KO 3 (12) 26/07/1951   Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina
Win 119–18–7   Vicente Quiroz RTD 6 (10) 14/07/1951   Cine Boston, Montevideo, Uruguay
Win 118–18–7   Alberto Santiago Lovell KO 1 (12) 07/07/1951   Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal, Argentina
Draw 117–18–7   Karel Sys Draw 12 23/06/1951   Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal, Argentina
Win 117–18–6   Abel Cestac RTD 9 (12) 09/06/1951   Buenos Aires, Distrito Federal, Argentina
Win 116–18–6   Art Henri TKO 4 (10) 14/05/1951   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 115–18–6   Herman Harris KO 4 (10) 26/04/1951   Flint, Michigan, United States
Win 114–18–6   Abel Cestac UD 10 13/03/1951   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 113–18–6   Jimmy Bivins TKO 9 (10) 21/02/1951   New York, New York, United States
Win 112–18–6   John Thomas KO 1 (10) 28/01/1951   Panama City, Panama
Win 111–18–6   Billy Smith TKO 8 (10) 02/01/1951   Portland, Oregon, United States
Win 110–18–6   Vernon Williams KO 2 (10) 31/07/1950   Chicago, Illinois, United States
Win 109–18–6   Bert Lytell UD 10 31/01/1950   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 108–18–6   Leonard Morrow KO 10 (15) 13/12/1949   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 107–18–6   Charley Williams KO 8 (10) 06/12/1949   Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Win 106–18–6   Phil Muscato KO 6 (10) 24/10/1949   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 105–18–6   Bob Amos PTS 10 04/10/1949   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 104–18–6   Esco Greenwood TKO 2 (10) 29/07/1949   North Adams, Massachusetts, United States
Win 103–18–6   Bob Sikes TKO 3 (10) 27/06/1949   Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Loss 102–18–6   Clinton Bacon DQ 6 (10) 13/06/1949   Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Win 102–17–6   Harold Johnson UD 10 26/04/1949   Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Win 101–17–6   Jimmy Bivins KO 8 (10) 11/04/1949   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 100–17–6   Dusty Wilkerson TKO 6 (10) 23/03/1949   Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Win 99–17–6   Alabama Kid KO 3 (10) 04/03/1949   Columbus, Ohio, United States
Win 98–17–6   Bob Satterfield KO 3 (10) 31/01/1949   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 97–17–6   Alabama Kid KO 4 (10) 10/01/1949   Toledo, Ohio, United States
Win 96–17–6   Charley Williams KO 7 (10) 27/12/1948   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 95–17–6   Bob Amos UD 10 06/12/1948   Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Win 94–17–6   Henry Hall UD 10 15/11/1948   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Loss 93–17–6   Lloyd Gibson DQ 4 (10) 01/11/1951   Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Loss 93–16–6   Henry Hall PTS 10 15/10/1948   New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Win 93–15–6   Billy Smith KO 4 (10) 20/09/1948   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 92–15–6   Ted Lowry UD 10 02/08/1948   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 91–15–6   Jimmy Bivins MD 10 28/06/1948   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Loss 90–15–6   Leonard Morrow KO 1 (12) 02/06/1951   Oakland, California, United States
Win 90–14–6   Billy Smith UD 10 05/05/1948   Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Win 89–14–6   Charley Williams KO 7 (10) 19/04/1948   Newark, New Jersey, United States
Win 88–14–6   Dusty Wilkerson TKO 7 (10) 12/04/1948   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Loss 87–14–6   Ezzard Charles KO 8 (15) 13/01/1948   Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Win 87–13–6   George Fitch TKO 6 (10) 10/11/1947   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 86–13–6   Jimmy Bivins TKO 8 (10) 08/09/1947   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 85–13–6   Bobby Zander PTS 12 30/07/1947   Oakland, California, United States Won California Light Heavyweight Title
Win 84–13–6   Bert Lytell UD 10 14/07/1947   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 83–13–6   Curtis Sheppard UD 10 16/06/1947   Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Loss 82–13–6   Ezzard Charles MD 10 05/05/1947   Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Win 82–12–6   Rusty Payne PTS 10 11/04/1947   San Diego, California, United States
Win 81–12–6   Jack Chase KO 9 (10) 18/03/1947   Los Angeles, California, United States
Draw 80–12–6   Jack Chase Draw 10 06/11/1946   Oakland, California, United States
Draw 80–12–5   Billy Smith Draw 12 23/10/1946   Oakland, California, United States California Light Heavyweight Title
Win 80–12–4   Jimmy O'Brien TKO 2 (10) 09/09/1946   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 79–12–4   Buddy Walker KO 4 (10) 19/08/1946   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Loss 78–12–4   Ezzard Charles UD 10 20/05/1946   Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Win 78–11–4   Vern Escoe TKO 7 (10) 02/05/1946   Orange, New Jersey, United States
Win 77–11–4   George Parks KO 1 (10) 05/02/1946   Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Win 76–11–4   Curtis Sheppard UD 12 28/01/1946   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 75–11–4   Holman Williams TKO 11 (12) 26/11/1945   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 74–11–4   O'Dell Riley KO 6 (10) 12/11/1945   Detroit, Michigan, United States
Loss 73–11–4   Holman Williams MD 10 22/10/1945   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 73–10–4   Cocoa Kid KO 8 (10) 17/09/1945   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Loss 72–10–4   Jimmy Bivins KO 6 (10) 22/08/1945   Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Win 72–9–4   Lloyd Marshall TKO 10 (10) 26/06/1945   Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Win 71–9–4   George Kochan TKO 6 (10) 18/06/1945   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 70–9–4   Lloyd Marshall UD 10 21/05/1945   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 69–9–4   Teddy Randolph TKO 9 (10) 23/04/1945   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 68–9–4   Nate Bolden UD 10 02/04/1945   Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Win 67–9–4   Napoleon Mitchell KO 6 (8) 12/02/1945   Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Win 66–9–4   Bob Jacobs TKO 9 (10) 29/01/1945   New York, New York, United States
Win 65–9–4   Joey Jones TKO 2 (8) 11/01/1945   Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Win 64–9–4   Nate Bolden KO 9 (10) 18/12/1944   New York, New York, United States
Win 63–9–4   Battling Monroe KO 6 (10) 01/09/1944   San Diego, California, United States
Win 62–9–4   Jimmy Hayden KO 5 (10) 18/08/1944   San Diego, California, United States
Win 61–9–4   Louis Mays KO 3 (10) 11/08/1944   San Diego, California, United States
Win 60–9–4   Kenny LaSalle PTS 10 19/05/1944   San Diego, California, United States
Loss 59–9–4   Charley Burley PTS 10 21/04/1944   Hollywood, California, United States
Win 59–8–4   Roman Starr TKO 2 (10) 24/03/1944   Hollywood, California, United States
Loss 58–8–4   Eddie Booker TKO 8 (10) 21/01/1944   Hollywood, California, United States
Win 58–7–4   Amado Rodriguez KO 1 (10) 07/01/1944   San Diego, California, United States
Win 57–7–4   Jack Chase MD 10 26/11/1943   Hollywood, California, United States
Win 56–7–4   Kid Hermosillo TKO 5 (10) 04/11/1943   San Diego, California, United States
Loss 55–7–4   Aaron Wade PTS 10 16/08/1943   San Francisco, California, United States
Loss 55–6–4   Jack Chase UD 15 02/08/1943   San Francisco, California, United States California Middleweight Title
Win 55–5–4   Eddie Cerda KO 3 (10) 28/07/1943   San Diego, California, United States
Win 54–5–4   Big Boy Hogue TKO 5 (10) 22/07/1943   San Diego, California, United States
Win 53–5–4   Jack Chase UD 15 08/05/1943   San Diego, California, United States California Middleweight Title
Win 52–5–4   Jack Chase KO 9 18/03/1943   Los Angeles, California, United States
Draw 51–5–4   Eddie Booker Draw 12 11/12/1942   San Diego, California, United States California Middleweight Title
Win 51–5–3   Jack Chase PTS 10 27/11/1942   San Diego, California, United States
Win 50–5–3   Tabby Romero KO 2 (10) 06/11/1942   San Diego, California, United States
Win 49–5–3   Shorty Hogue TKO 2 (10) 30/10/1942   San Diego, California, United States
Win 48–5–3   Jimmy Casino TKO 5 (10) 18/03/1942   Oakland, California, United States
Win 47–5–3   Al Globe TKO 2 (10) 27/02/1942   San Diego, California, United States
Win 46–5–3   Bobby Britt KO 3 (10) 28/01/1942   Phoenix, Arizona, United States
Draw 45–5–3   Eddie Booker PTS 10 20/02/1941   San Diego, California, United States
Loss 45–5–2   Shorty Hogue PTS 10 31/01/1941   San Diego, California, United States
Win 45–4–2   Clay Rowan KO 1 (10) 17/01/1941   San Diego, California, United States
Win 44–4–2   Pancho Ramirez KO 5 (10) 18/10/1940   San Diego, California, United States
Win 43–4–2   Ron Richards PTS 12 11/07/1940   Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Win 42–4–2   Fred Henneberry TKO 7 (12) 27/06/1940   Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Win 41–4–2   Frank Lindsay (alias tommy Jordan)[16] KO 4 (12) 27/05/1940   Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Win 40–4–2   Joe Delaney KO 2 (12) 18/05/1940   Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Win 39–4–2   Atilio Sabatino TKO 5 (12) 09/05/1940   Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Win 38–4–2   Ron Richards TKO 10 (12) 18/04/1940   Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Win 37–4–2   Jack McNamee TKO 4 (12) 30/03/1940   Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Loss 36–4–2   Shorty Hogue PTS 6 29/12/1939   San Diego, California, United States
Win 36–3–2   Honey Boy Jones PTS 10 07/12/1939   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 0–10   Billy Day KO 1 (10) 27/11/1939   Phoenix, Arizona, United States
Draw 35–3–2   Freddie Dixon Draw 8 13/11/1939   Phoenix, Arizona, United States Fight called a technical draw in the eighth round after Dixon was struck with a low blow and could not continue. Phoenix Athletic Commission's rules stated that no fighter could win or lose a fight due to a foul.
Win 35–3–1   Bobby Seaman KO 7 (10) 22/09/1939   San Diego, California, United States
Win 34–3–1   Jack Coggins PTS 10 01/09/1939   San Diego, California, United States
No Contest 33–3–1   Jack Coggins NC 8 21/07/1939   San Diego, California, United States
Loss 33–3–1   Teddy Yarosz PTS 10 20/04/1939   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 33–2–1   Marty Simmons UD 10 16/03/1939   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 32–2–1   Domenico Ceccarelli KO 1 (10) 02/03/1939   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 31–2–1   Jack Moran KO 1 (10) 20/01/1939   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 30–2–1   Bob Turner KO 2 (8) 07/12/1938   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 29–2–1   Ray Lyle KO 2 (10) 22/11/1938   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 28–2–1   Bobby Yannes TKO 2 (10) 19/10/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Win 27–2–1   Tom Henry TKO 4 (6) 27/09/1938   Los Angeles, California, United States
Win 26–2–1   Frank Rowsey TKO 3 (10) 16/09/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Win 25–2–1   Johnny Romero KO 8 (10) 02/09/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Win 24–2–1   Lorenzo Pedro PTS 10 05/08/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Win 23–2–1   Johnny Sikes KO 1 (10) 22/07/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Loss 22–2–1   Johnny Romero PTS 10 24/06/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Win 22–1–1   Ray Vargas KO 3 (10) 27/05/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Win 21–1–1   Jimmy Brent KO 1 (6) 20/05/1938   San Diego, California, United States
Win 20–1–1   Karl Lautenschlager KO 2 (6) 07/01/1938   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 19–1–1   Sammy Jackson KO 8 (10) 01/12/1937   Jackson, Missouri, United States
Win 18–1–1   Sammy Christian PTS 5 16/11/1937   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 17–1–1   Chuck Vickers KO 2 (10) 09/11/1937   Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States
Win 16–1–1   Charley Dawson TKO 5 (5) 17/09/1937   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 15–1–1   Sammy Slaughter PTS 10 09/09/1937   Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Loss 14–1–1   Billy Adams PTS 8 01/09/1937   Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Win 14–0–1   Al Dublinsky KO 3 (6) 19/08/1937 unknown
Win 13–0–1   Frank Hatfield KO 1 (8) 26/04/1937   Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Win 12–0–1   Karl Martin TKO 1 (8) 23/04/1937   Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Win 11–0–1   Charley Dawson PTS 8 09/04/1937   Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Win 10–0–1   Ham Pounder KO 2 (8) 23/03/1937   Ponca City, Oklahoma, United States
Win 9–0–1   Joe Huff KO 3 (6) 02/02/1937   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Draw 8–0–1   Sammy Jackson Draw 8 29/01/1937   Quincy, Illinois, United States
Win 7–0–1   Johnny Davis KO 4 (8) 18/01/1937   Quincy, Illinois, United States
Win 6–0–1   Dynamite Payne KO 1 (8) 05/01/1937   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 5–0–1   Sammy Jackson PTS 5 09/10/1936   St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Win 4–0–1   Murray Allen KO 2 (6) 30/09/1936   Keokuk, Iowa, United States
Draw 3–0–1   Sammy Christian Draw 6 04/08/1936   Quincy, Illinois, United States
Win 3–0   Murray Allen PTS 6 14/07/1936   Quincy, Illinois, United States
Win 2–0   Kid Pocahuntas KO 3 (8) 31/01/1936   Hot Springs, Arkansas, United States
Win 1–0   Billy Simms KO 2 (4) 03/09/1935   Poplar Bluff, Missouri, United States Pro Debut

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "BoxRec Boxing Records – World, male, P4P". Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  2. ^ Moore, Archie (1960). The Archie Moore Story (pre-ISBN First ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. p. 150.
  3. ^ Heller, Peter (1973). In This Corner! (Dell Paperback first printing, 1974 ed.). New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, Inc. p. 314.
  4. ^ Kessler, Harry (1982). The Millionaire Referee (First ed.). St. Louis, MO: Harkess Publishing. pp. 331–333, 336–337. ISBN 0-9608600-0-2.
  5. ^ "Archie Moore". Boxrec.com. 1960-10-25. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  6. ^ "The Knockout- Boxing\'s Homerun | Jose Corpas". Fightbeat.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  7. ^ Thomas W. Collins, Jr. (February 2000). "Archie Moore". American National Biography Online. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  8. ^ The New York Times, December 11, 1998
  9. ^ "Women's Boxing -History's First on events in female boxing". Womenboxing.com. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  10. ^ "San Diego Hall of Champions Sports Museum » Archie Moore". Sdhoc.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-02. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  11. ^ "Archie Moore". Ibhof.com. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  12. ^ St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". Stlouiswalkoffame.org. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  13. ^ "IBRO Ratings". Ibroresearch.com. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
  14. ^ "AP Fighter of the Century list". Statis.espn.go.com. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
  15. ^ "Archie Moore". BoxRec. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
  16. ^ "Fight:20381". BoxRec. Retrieved 2017-03-21.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Achievements
Preceded by
Joey Maxim
World Light Heavyweight Champion
17 December 1952 – 12 May 1962
Abandons title
Succeeded by
Harold Johnson
Records
Preceded by
Bob Fitzsimmons
Oldest world champion
December 17, 1952 – April 18, 2013
Succeeded by
Bernard Hopkins