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Archibald Hill Carmichael (June 17, 1864 – July 15, 1947) was an American Democratic politician who represented Alabama's 8th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from November 1933 to January 1937.

Archibald Hill Carmichael
Archibald Hill Carmichael.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 8th district
In office
November 14, 1933 – January 3, 1937
Preceded byEdward B. Almon
Succeeded byJohn Sparkman
Member of the Alabama Senate
from the 31st district
In office
January 14, 1919 – January 10, 1923
Preceded byW. H. Key
Succeeded byJohn P. Middleton
Speaker of the Alabama House of Representatives
In office
January 12, 1915 – January 14, 1919
Preceded byEdward B. Almon
Succeeded byHenry P. Merritt
In office
February 26, 1907 – January 10, 1911
Pro tempore: February 26, 1907 – March 4, 1907
Preceded byWilliam L. Martin
Succeeded byEdward B. Almon
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives from Colbert County
In office
January 12, 1915 – January 14, 1919
Preceded byEdward B. Almon
Succeeded byW. H. Shaw
In office
January 8, 1907 – January 10, 1911
Succeeded byEdward B. Almon
Personal details
Archibald Hill Carmichael

(1864-06-17)June 17, 1864
Sylvan Grove, Alabama, U.S.
DiedJuly 15, 1947(1947-07-15) (aged 83)
Tuscumbia, Alabama, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Annie Sugg
Alma materUniversity of Alabama

Early lifeEdit

Archibald Hill Carmichael was born in Dale County, Alabama, near the community of Sylvan Grove. His father, Jesse Malcolm Carmichael, who fought in the Civil War and lost a hand at the Battle of Antietam, served as Alabama Secretary of State.[1] The younger Carmichael received his education in public schools and studied at the University of Alabama School of Law, graduating in 1886. He was admitted to the bar that same year and moved to north Alabama to practice law in Tuscumbia.[2] Carmichael married Annie Sugg in 1890.[3]

Political lifeEdit

Carmichael served four years (1890–1894) as solicitor for the 8th judicial district of Alabama. In 1901 he was a delegate to the Alabama state constitutional convention. It was this convention which drafted the Alabama constitution presently in use in Alabama today and which is one of the longest such documents in the world. Carmichael served in the Alabama House of Representatives from 1907 until 1911 and then again from 1915 until 1919. During those tenure's he served as the Speaker of the House in 1907 and 1911. Active in partisan politics Carmichael was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1916, 1928 and 1932.[2]

School boardsEdit

Carmichael was active in both state and local education issues. In fact, he held three elected positions at the same time. He was elected to the Alabama State Senate from 1919 to 1923; the Alabama State Board of Education from 1919 to 1947 and the local Tuscumbia Board of Education from 1920 to 1947. During that same period, he was appointed as a trustee of the University of Alabama from 1924 to 1947.[2]

U.S. CongressEdit

Carmichael's first election to the U.S. House of Representatives came on November 7, 1933 when he was elected to fill the unexpired term of Edward B. Almon who had died while in office. Carmichael was elected to a full term in the 74th Congress serving from 1935 to 1937. During this session, the Social Security Act became law. He did not seek re-election, returning, instead, to Alabama, where he continued to practice law until his death.[2]

Archibald Hill Carmichael died in Tuscumbia at the age of 83.



  1. ^ a b Welcome to the Alabama State Legislature Archived April 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d United States Congress. "CARMICHAEL, Archibald Hill (id: C000159)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Edward B. Almon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by
John J. Sparkman