Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll
|Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll|
|Born||25 July 1658|
|Died||25 September 1703 (aged 45)|
|Children||John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Lady Anne Campbell|
|Family||Col. Hon. Charles Campbell|
The eldest son of Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll and Mary Stuart, daughter of James Stuart, 4th Earl of Moray, Campbell sought to recover his father's estates (by gaining King James VII's favour). However, after failing to do so, he supported William and Mary's quest for the throne; this important support led to the monarchs returning his father's estate. Also, he was made a Privy Councillor. He was William's chief Scottish advisor, and was colonel-in-chief of the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot, that was involved in the 1692 massacre of the MacDonalds of Glen Coe, but took no part in any of its field operations. He was made a duke in 1701.
On 12 March 1678, he married Elizabeth Tollemache (daughter of Elizabeth and Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet at Edinburgh, Scotland. Elizabeth's stepfather John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale was a dominant figure in Scottish politics of the era. They had four children, born at Ham House outside London:
- John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll (10 October 1680 – 4 October 1743)
- Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll (June 1682 – 15 April 1761)
- Lady Margaret Campbell (2 June 1690 - died bef 1703), not mentioned in father's will
- Lady Anne Campbell (12 Jan 1692 – 20 October 1736), m. James Stuart, 2nd Earl of Bute
The 1st Duke of Argyll is buried at Kilmun Parish Church.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1886). . Dictionary of National Biography. 8. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Lundy, Darryl. "Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
The Duke of Queensberry
| Captain and Colonel of the
Scots Troop of Horse Guards
The Duke of Argyll
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New creation|| Duke of Argyll
| Earl of Argyll|