Archery at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Women's individual
The women's individual archery event at the 2016 Summer Olympics was held from 5 August to 13 August at Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. One of four archery events as part of the 2016 Olympic catalogue of sports, it was the twelfth time the women's individual competition was contested at the Games. Forty different nations qualified for the event, sending a total of sixty-four archers to compete. The defending Olympic champion was Ki Bo-bae of South Korea.
at the Games of the XXXI Olympiad
|Venue||Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí|
|Date||5–13 August 2016|
|Competitors||64 from 40 nations|
South Korea's three archers were tipped for success, the nation having won all but one of the event's gold medals since the 1984 Summer Olympics. Ki and her South Korean teammates Choi Mi-sun and Chang Hye-jin dominated the initial ranking round and secured the top three seeds for the elimination rounds, entering the knockout phase having also won gold medal in the women's team event. Choi, who entered ranked as the world's number one archer, was however eliminated in the quarter-finals by Alejandra Valencia of Mexico; world number two Tan Ya-ting of Chinese Taipei, another favourite for the gold medal, also fell at the same stage. Chang defeated Ki in the semi-finals, contesting the final with Germany's Lisa Unruh. Chang emerged victorious, winning her second gold medal of the Games, while Ki prevailed over Valencia in the bronze medal match, securing her fourth career Olympic medal.
Chang's gold medal victory continued South Korea's near-domination of the event. Archery became South Korea's most successful Olympic discipline, while Unruh's silver medal gave Germany its first Olympic archery medal in sixteen years.
The women's individual event has been held as part of every Summer Olympics archery programme since the 1972 Games in Munich. Since the 1984 Summer Olympics, archers from South Korea have been the most successful overall, with Ki Bo-bae's victory in 2012 claiming the nation's seventh gold medal in eight Olympic competitions. China are the only other nation to have won a gold medal since 1984, Zhang Juanjuan defeating defending Olympic champion Park Sung-hyun in the final in 2008.
An official test event, the Aquece Rio International Archery Challenge, was held over eight days at the Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí in September 2015. The purpose of the event was to evaluate the venue's preparations and give archers and coaches the chance to familiarise themselves with the location and schedule ahead of the Games the following year. South Korea's Choi Mi-sun emerged victorious in the women's individual event by defeating Tan Ya-ting of Chinese Taipei in the final, with Mackenzie Brown of the United States third and Japan's Kaori Kawanaka finishing in fourth.
Sixty-four places were available for the event with each National Olympic Committee (NOC) represented by a maximum of three archers.[note 1] As host nation Brazil qualified three places automatically; China, Colombia, Georgia, India, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, and Russia additionally entered the maximum berth of archers through qualifying for the women's team event via the 2015 World Archery Championships. Italy, Chinese Taipei, and Ukraine also qualified three archers as the three highest-placed teams in the Final Qualification Tournament held as part of the 2016 Archery World Cup in Antalya. The remaining 28 spots were filled through a mixture of qualification from continental-level tournaments (for example, the Asian Archery Championships), placement in the individual World Rankings, and as invitational places.
Two medalists from the 2012 Summer Olympics women's individual event, defending Olympic champion Ki Bo-bae and silver medalist Aída Román, were selected by their NOCs to return to defend their titles; 2012 bronze medalist Mariana Avitia failed to qualify in the Mexican national selection process. Ki also entered as the defending world champion after her gold medal success at the 2015 World Archery Championships. All archers ranked in the top ten in the World Archery rankings were selected to compete, Choi Mi-sun entering as the highest-ranked athlete at world number one. Australia's Alice Ingley was the lowest-ranked archer to take part at world number 353.:13 The most experienced Olympian in the field was Evangelia Psarra of Greece, who was taking part in her fifth consecutive Games. Zahra Nemati of Iran was the sole Paralympian to qualify, entering as the defending Paralympic champion from 2012 in the wheelchair event.
The women's individual was an outdoor recurve target archery event. Held under the World Archery-approved rules, archers shot at a 122cm-wide target from a distance of 70 metres. The competition consisted of three stages: an initial ranking round, five elimination rounds, and two finals matches deciding the medal placings. In the ranking round, each of the 64 archers entering the competition shot a total of 72 arrows. The total cumulative score of each archer was used to seed the archers into the following five-round single-elimination tournament, the highest-scoring archer receiving the number one seed. If two or more archers finished with the same total score, the number of arrows shot in the central 10-ring on the target was used as a tie-breaker. If two or more archers were still tied, then the number of arrows shot within the inner-10 ring determined the finishing positions. If the archers still could still not be separated then a disk toss was to be employed to decide the final order.:5
The elimination rounds used the Archery Olympic Round set system introduced at the 2012 Summer Olympics. Each match consisted of a maximum of five sets, with archers each shooting three arrows per set. The archer with the best score from their three arrows won the set, earning two points. The archer with the lowest score in each set received zero points. If the score was tied, each archer received one point. The first archer to six points was declared the winner. If the match was tied 5-5 after the maximum 5 sets were played, a single tie-breaker arrow was used with the closest to centre of the target winning.
|Day 0||Friday 5 August 2016||13:00||Ranking round|
|Day 3||Monday 8 August 2016||09:00-17:45||1/32 & 1/16 Eliminations|
|Day 4||Tuesday 9 August 2016||09:00-17:45||1/32 & 1/16 Eliminations|
|Day 5||Wednesday 10 August 2016||09:00-18:55||1/32 & 1/16 Eliminations|
|Day 6||Thursday 11 August 2016||09:00-17:10||1/8 Eliminations|
|Bronze medal match|
|Gold medal match|
|All times are Brasília Time (UTC−03:00) |
- 70 metres - 72 arrow ranking round
|World record||Ki Bo-bae (KOR)||686||Gwangju, South Korea||4 July 2015|||
|Olympic record||Lina Herasymenko (UKR)||673||Atlanta, United States||28 July 1996|
The world record score for a 72-arrow round at the beginning of the Games was held by Ki Bo-bae and set during the women's individual recurve event at the 2015 Summer Universiade in Gwangju. Her score of 686 surpassed the previous highest tally set by compatriot Park Sung-hyun by four points, breaking the record that had stood for more than 10 years. The Olympic record score of 673 set by Ukraine's Lina Herasymenko at the 1996 Summer Olympics - and matched by Park at the 2008 Summer Olympics - remained unbroken going into the Games.
In the ranking round Choi was on course to beat Lina Herasymenko's Olympic record until the mid-point of the competition when a breeze developed and halted her progress. Nevertheless, she and her teammates locked out the top three seeds, Choi topping the table scoring 669 points, three more than teammate Chang Hye-jin, who was a further three ahead of Ki Bo-bae, delaying any match-ups between them until the semi-finals at the earliest.
The first elimination round saw the first upset of the competition, with 2012 silver medalist Román losing to Moldova's Alexandra Mîrca in five sets. Other early surprises included Alice Ingley, the lowest ranked archer in the competition, defeating seventh-seed Lucilla Boari of Italy in the 1/32 elimination round and Mackenzie Brown, the sole American entry, lose to San Yu Htwe of Myanmar, who was ranked 187 places lower than Brown, in the 1/16 round. Brazil's Ane Marcelle dos Santos achieved the host nation's highest ever finish in an Olympic archery competition, reaching the 1/8 elimination round and concluding the event in ninth place in the final standings. Naomi Folkard of Great Britain also achieved a personal best in reaching the quarter-finals for the first time on her fourth attempt. South Korea's Choi however was not able progress any further than the quarter-finals, losing in straight sets to eighth-seed Alejandra Valencia of Mexico in what was considered a major upset. Choi failed to recover after scoring only a five with her first arrow of the match, commenting afterwards that "I couldn't focus on myself today."
Choi's Korean teammates Chang and Ki met in the semifinals. As the defending champion Ki was the favourite to advance in her bid to become the event's first back-to-back gold medalist, but Chang overcame a poor start - which included scoring a three with her second arrow - to win in five sets and progress to the final. Chang was joined in the gold medal match by Lisa Unruh of Germany, the reigning World Archery Indoor Champion, who was a surprise finalist; Unruh later admitted she had had a disappointing ranking round in finshing 21st overall, but after three wins in the first three elimination rounds she defied expectations by defeating fourth-seed and world number two Tan Ya-ting in a quarter-final shoot-off and Alejandra Valencia in the semi-finals.
As the two losing semi-finalists, Ki met Valencia in the bronze medal match, the latter shooting for Mexico's first medal of the Games. Ki however prevailed in four sets to earn her fourth career Olympic medal, the second highest tally for a South Korean archer after Kim Soo-nyung's six medals won between 1988 and 2000. Valencia nevertheless earned her highest finishing position in an international competition to date with fourth overall.
In the gold medal final Chang and Unruh each started well, winning one of the opening two sets apiece. Chang won the third set after Unruh faltered by shooting a seven, claiming the fourth set shortly afterwards by scoring two tens and a nine that Unruh could not overcome, earning Chang the victory and her first Olympic medal. The Associated Press praised Chang as a "pillar of consistency" amid wind gusts that made aiming difficult.
Chang's win was her second gold medal of the 2016 Olympics following South Korea's success in the women's team competition earlier in the week; she became the eighth female South Korean archer to win an Olympic gold medal in an individual event. It was also South Korea's third gold medal of the Games and the nation's 22nd Olympic archery gold medal overall, overtaking the 21 gold medals earned in short-track ice skating at the Winter Olympics to become the country's most successful Olympic sport. Chang's two gold medals earned her the top female athlete prize at the 2016 Korea Woman Sports Awards.
|1||Choi Mi-sun (KOR)||334||335||669||32||16|
|2||Chang Hye-jin (KOR)||336||330||666||31||7|
|3||Ki Bo-bae (KOR)||329||334||663||33||14|
|4||Tan Ya-ting (TPE)||332||324||656||32||10|
|5||Tuyana Dashidorzhieva (RUS)||322||332||654||32||6|
|6||Wu Jiaxin (CHN)||325||328||653||25||10|
|7||Lucilla Boari (ITA)||325||326||651||27||11|
|8||Alejandra Valencia (MEX)||328||323||651||22||7|
|9||Lin Shih-chia (TPE)||326||325||651||21||6|
|10||Kaori Kawanaka (JPN)||319||331||650||27||7|
|11||Qi Yuhong (CHN)||327||322||649||25||5|
|12||Gabriela Bayardo (MEX)||323||325||648||25||6|
|13||Guendalina Sartori (ITA)||323||325||648||21||9|
|14||Taru Kuoppa (FIN)||316||327||643||24||10|
|15||Kang Un-ju (PRK)||327||316||643||22||8|
|16||Inna Stepanova (RUS)||322||321||643||19||8|
|17||Ksenia Perova (RUS)||315||326||641||24||5|
|18||Ana Rendón (COL)||326||315||641||23||7|
|19||Mackenzie Brown (USA)||321||320||641||22||9|
|20||Deepika Kumari (IND)||329||311||640||24||10|
|21||Lisa Unruh (GER)||315||325||640||24||7|
|22||Alexandra Longová (SVK)||318||322||640||19||8|
|23||Naomi Folkard (GBR)||322||317||639||25||8|
|24||Bombayla Devi Laishram (IND)||327||311||638||23||7|
|25||Yasemin Ecem Anagöz (TUR)||320||318||638||21||6|
|26||Ane Marcelle dos Santos (BRA)||329||308||637||24||7|
|27||Alexandra Mîrca (MDA)||321||315||636||23||8|
|28||Cao Hui (CHN)||325||306||631||16||6|
|29||Anastasia Pavlova (UKR)||319||311||630||24||6|
|30||Veronika Marchenko (UKR)||316||314||630||21||6|
|31||Lidiia Sichenikova (UKR)||319||311||630||21||2|
|32||Adriana Martín (ESP)||315||315||630||17||6|
|33||Le Chien-ying (TPE)||318||307||625||20||7|
|34||Khatuna Narimanidze (GEO)||314||311||625||20||6|
|35||Laura Nurmsalu (EST)||312||313||625||16||6|
|36||Luiza Saidiyeva (KAZ)||316||309||625||12||3|
|37||Olga Senyuk (AZE)||311||312||623||18||3|
|38||Aída Román (MEX)||313||310||623||15||7|
|39||Saori Nagamine (JPN)||313||308||621||18||4|
|40||Karina Lipiarska-Pałka (POL)||308||312||620||10||4|
|41||Laurence Baldauff (AUT)||313||306||619||16||3|
|42||Ika Yuliana Rochmawati (INA)||315||302||617||15||2|
|43||Laxmirani Majhi (IND)||306||308||614||13||3|
|44||Leidys Brito (VEN)||309||305||614||9||3|
|45||Kristine Esebua (GEO)||301||311||612||20||5|
|46||Claudia Mandia (ITA)||307||305||612||19||6|
|47||Christine Bjerendal (SWE)||305||306||611||11||3|
|48||Natalia Sánchez (COL)||314||295||609||16||6|
|49||Zahra Nemati (IRI)||305||304||609||12||4|
|50||Sarah Nikitin (BRA)||305||304||609||11||3|
|51||San Yu Htwe (MYA)||306||302||608||16||8|
|52||Carolina Aguirre (COL)||299||306||605||13||4|
|53||Shamoli Ray (BAN)||303||297||600||11||4|
|54||Marina Canetta (BRA)||303||296||599||14||2|
|55||Evangelia Psarra (GRE)||313||283||596||12||4|
|56||Reem Mansour (EGY)||300||296||596||12||3|
|57||Yuliya Lobzhenidze (GEO)||306||288||594||12||4|
|58||Alice Ingley (AUS)||304||289||593||9||1|
|59||Yuki Hayashi (JPN)||298||293||591||7||5|
|61||Georcy-Stéphanie Picard (CAN)||297||288||585||11||1|
|62||Shehzana Anwar (KEN)||290||289||579||9||2|
|63||Lusitania Tatafu (TGA)||276||283||559||10||3|
|64||Yessica Camilo (DOM)||275||250||525||5||1|
|1/32 eliminations||1/16 eliminations||1/8 eliminations||Quarter-finals|
|1||M-s Choi (KOR)||6||28||27||28|
|64||Y Camilo (DOM)||0||20||23||25|
|1||M-s Choi (KOR)||6||29||28||29||27|
|33||C-y Le (TPE)||2||29||26||28||27|
|33||C-y Le (TPE)||6||25||28||27||27|
|32||A Martín (ESP)||2||27||26||25||26|
|1||M-s Choi (KOR)||7||27||27||28||28||28|
|16||I Stepanova (RUS)||3||26||29||27||28||27|
|17||K Perova (RUS)||6||26||25||28||27||24|
|48||N Sánchez (COL)||4||25||29||19||27||24|
|17||K Perova (RUS)||3||25||27||24||29||26|
|16||I Stepanova (RUS)||7||26||26||30||29||27|
|49||Z Nemati (IRI)||2||21||28||26||26|
|16||I Stepanova (RUS)||6||28||27||28||27|
|1||M-s Choi (KOR)||0||23||26||27|
|8||A Valencia (MEX)||6||25||29||29|
|9||S-c Lin (TPE)||6||28||26||25|
|56||R Mansour (EGY)||0||17||21||17|
|9||S-c Lin (TPE)||2||24||24||27||26|
|24||BD Laishram (IND)||6||27||27||26||28|
|41||L Baldauff (AUT)||2||27||23||23||24|
|24||BD Laishram (IND)||6||24||28||27||25|
|24||BD Laishram (IND)||2||26||26||27||23|
|8||A Valencia (MEX)||6||28||23||28||25|
|25||YE Anagöz (TUR)||6*||26||23||22||30||26|
|40||K Lipiarska-Pałka (POL)||5||22||23||23||27||27|
|25||YE Anagöz (TUR)||5||28||26||28||28||26|
|8||A Valencia (MEX)||6*||28||28||28||27||26|
|57||Y Lobzhenidze (GEO)||4||28||28||26||27||27|
|8||A Valencia (MEX)||6||25||27||27||28||29|
|1/32 eliminations||1/16 eliminations||1/8 eliminations||Quarter-finals|
|5||T Dashidorzhieva (RUS)||7||26||28||26||27||28|
|5||T Dashidorzhieva (RUS)||4||28||25||28||25||29|
|28||H Cao (CHN)||6||28||29||27||27||29|
|37||O Senyuk (AZE)||1||23||25||23||26|
|28||H Cao (CHN)||7||28||25||24||27|
|28||H Cao (CHN)||2||27||26||29||26|
|21||L Unruh (GER)||6||28||29||28||29|
|21||L Unruh (GER)||6||28||27||22||27||27|
|44||L Brito (VEN)||4||25||25||24||28||24|
|21||L Unruh (GER)||6||29||27||26||25||28|
|12||G Bayardo (MEX)||4||27||26||27||27||26|
|53||S Ray (BAN)||0||27||23||25|
|12||G Bayardo (MEX)||6||28||28||28|
|21||L Unruh (GER)||6*||25||28||27||28||26|
|4||Y-t Tan (TPE)||5||27||26||28||26||26|
|13||G Sartori (ITA)||6||29||27||28|
|52||C Aguirre (COL)||0||24||23||25|
|13||G Sartori (ITA)||2||27||26||26||27|
|20||D Kumari (IND)||6||24||29||28||28|
|45||K Esebua (GEO)||4||26||29||27||29||29|
|20||D Kumari (IND)||6||27||29||30||27||29|
|20||D Kumari (IND)||0||27||26||27|
|4||Y-t Tan (TPE)||6||28||29||30|
|29||A Pavlova (UKR)||6||28||29||29|
|36||L Saidiyeva (KAZ)||0||22||26||24|
|29||A Pavlova (UKR)||0||26||27||25|
|4||Y-t Tan (TPE)||6||27||29||29|
|61||G-S Picard (CAN)||1||27||25||26||24|
|4||Y-t Tan (TPE)||7||29||26||26||28|
|1/32 eliminations||1/16 eliminations||1/8 eliminations||Quarter-finals|
|3||B-b Ki (KOR)||7||26||26||26||27|
|62||S Anwar (KEN)||1||24||23||26||26|
|3||B-b Ki (KOR)||6||29||27||29||29|
|30||V Marchenko (UKR)||2||27||27||29||25|
|35||L Nurmsalu (EST)||0||22||23||21|
|30||V Marchenko (UKR)||6||27||25||26|
|3||B-b Ki (KOR)||6||27||29||29|
|51||SY Htwe (MYA)||0||26||17||27|
|19||M Brown (USA)||6||26||29||28||28||28|
|46||C Mandia (ITA)||4||27||29||26||28||22|
|19||M Brown (USA)||3||26||26||26||26||25|
|51||SY Htwe (MYA)||7||26||28||30||25||27|
|51||SY Htwe (MYA)||7||26||26||26||27||27|
|14||T Kuoppa (FIN)||3||25||28||26||25||25|
|3||B-b Ki (KOR)||6||28||25||27||29|
|6||J Wu (CHN)||2||27||28||22||26|
|11||Y Qi (CHN)||7||28||27||28||30|
|54||M Canetta (BRA)||1||25||27||25||26|
|11||Y Qi (CHN)||6||29||28||27|
|22||A Longová (SVK)||0||27||26||24|
|43||L Majhi (IND)||1||25||26||26||24|
|22||A Longová (SVK)||7||27||28||26||27|
|11||Y Qi (CHN)||5||25||27||28||27||28|
|6||J Wu (CHN)||6*||26||29||28||26||27|
|27||A Mîrca (MDA)||6||27||25||28||26||27|
|38||A Román (MEX)||4||25||29||25||26||27|
|27||A Mîrca (MDA)||0||25||23||24|
|6||J Wu (CHN)||6||26||25||27|
|59||Y Hayashi (JPN)||1||22||24||25||27|
|6||J Wu (CHN)||7||22||28||27||28|
|1/32 eliminations||1/16 eliminations||1/8 eliminations||Quarter-finals|
|7||L Boari (ITA)||1||25||25||22||20|
|58||A Ingley (AUS)||7||25||28||23||24|
|58||A Ingley (AUS)||0||23||24||24|
|26||AM dos Santos (BRA)||6||25||26||26|
|39||S Nagamine (JPN)||3||28||25||19||25||19|
|26||AM dos Santos (BRA)||7||27||29||24||25||22|
|26||AM dos Santos (BRA)||2||25||27||25||20|
|23||N Folkard (GBR)||6||27||27||25||25|
|23||N Folkard (GBR)||6*||28||27||29||24||27|
|42||IY Rochmawati (INA)||5||27||25||29||26||28|
|23||N Folkard (GBR)||6||26||28||29|
|10||K Kawanaka (JPN)||0||22||26||26|
|55||E Psarra (GRE)||3||25||26||27||25||25|
|10||K Kawanaka (JPN)||7||25||29||26||26||29|
|23||N Folkard (GBR)||1||25||27||27||27|
|2||H-j Chang (KOR)||7||26||27||28||28|
|15||U-j Kang (PRK)||6||25||25||27|
|50||S Nikitin (BRA)||0||24||23||22|
|15||U-j Kang (PRK)||6||25||26||25||27|
|47||C Bjerendal (SWE)||2||26||25||23||25|
|47||C Bjerendal (SWE)||6||25||25||26||28|
|18||A Rendón (COL)||2||27||24||24||27|
|15||U-j Kang (PRK)||2||27||24||27||27|
|2||H-j Chang (KOR)||6||27||28||29||27|
|31||L Sichenikova (UKR)||7||25||25||27||28|
|34||K Narimanidze (GEO)||1||25||24||24||27|
|31||L Sichenikova (UKR)||2||27||28||28||25|
|2||H-j Chang (KOR)||6||28||29||26||28|
|63||L Tatafu (TGA)||0||23||15||23|
|2||H-j Chang (KOR)||6||28||27||27|
|Semi-finals||Gold medal match|
|8||Alejandra Valencia (MEX)||2||26||26||25||26|
|21||Lisa Unruh (GER)||6||27||28||23||27|
|21||Lisa Unruh (GER)||2||26||28||26||27|
|2||Chang Hye-jin (KOR)||6||27||26||27||29|
|3||Ki Bo-bae (KOR)||3||25||24||24||26||26|
|2||Chang Hye-jin (KOR)||7||19||27||27||26||28||Bronze medal match|
|8||Alejandra Valencia (MEX)||4||25||29||25||27||25|
|3||Ki Bo-bae (KOR)||6||26||28||26||21||30|
- Places are assigned to the NOCs, which decide on the archers who will represent the nation at the event.
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