Archery at the 1904 Summer Olympics – Women's double National round

The women's double National round event was part of the archery programme at the 1904 Summer Olympics. The competition was held on Tuesday, 20 September 1904. Six archers, all from the host United States, competed. The event was won by Matilda Howell, the second of her three gold medals in the 1904 archery competitions.[1] Emma Cooke and Jessie Pollock earned silver and bronze, respectively.[1] The three women had finished in the same positions a day earlier in the double Columbia round event.[2]

Women's double National round
at the Games of the III Olympiad
Francis Field 1904.jpg
Contemporary photograph of Francis Field, where the event took place
VenueFrancis Field
Date20 September
Competitors6 from 1 nation
1st place, gold medalist(s) Matilda Howell  United States
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Emma Cooke  United States
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Jessie Pollock  United States
1908 →


This was the first appearance of the event; it would be held only once more, in 1908.[2] The 1904 Olympic archery events were part of the 26th Grand Annual Target Meeting of the National Archery Association, with competition open to international competitors though none actually competed.[3] It was thus largely an American national championship,[3] though the International Olympic Committee recognizes the winners as Olympic medalists.[1] Medals were also given out for the best score at each range, though these medals are not recognized as Olympic.[3]

Howell was a strong favorite. She won 17 national championships in 20 appearances from 1883 to 1907.[2]

Competition formatEdit

A National round consisted of 24 arrows at 60 yards and 12 arrows at 50 yards. The total number of arrows for the double round was 72. The result was based on points. A total of 8 points were available. One point was awarded to the archer scoring the highest score at each distance as well as one point for the most hit on target at each distance. Two points were awarded to the archer scoring the highest total score as well as two points for the most total targets hit. Ties were broken on total score, and then on total targets hit.[2]


The double National round event was held on the second day of the three-day archery tournament, along with the men's double York round.[3]

F Final
Event 19 Sep 20 Sep 21 Sep
Men's double American round F
Men's double York round F
Men's team round F
Women's double Columbia round F
Women's double National round F
Women's team round F


Howell, like the day before in the double Columbia round event, dominated this competition. Her total score was 201 points more than that of the other two medalists. She earned 7.5 of the 8 possible points (2 for most total score, 2 for most total hits, 1 for best score at 60 yards, 1 for most hits at 60 yards, 1 for best score at 50 yards, and 0.5 for tying Cooke for most hits at 50 yards). Cooke earned silver with her 0.5 point from the tie for most hits at 50 yards. Pollock, who had the same score as Cooke for the second straight event, was the best among the 0-point archers and received bronze.[2]

Rank Archer Nation Points Score
  Matilda Howell   United States 7.5 620
  Emma Cooke   United States 0.5 419
  Jessie Pollock   United States 0 419
4 Laura Woodruff   United States 0 234
5 Mabel Taylor   United States 0 160
6 Leonie Taylor   United States 0 159


  1. ^ a b c "St. Louis 1904 Archery Double National Round 60Y 50Y Women Results". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Double National Round, Women". Olympedia. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d "Archery at the 1904 Summer Olympics". Olympedia. Retrieved 27 August 2021.