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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne

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The Archdiocese of Cologne (Latin: Archidioecesis Coloniensis; German: Erzbistum Köln) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.

Archdiocese of Cologne

Archidioecesis Coloniensis

Erzbistum Köln
Wappen Erzbistum Köln.png
Coat of Arms of the Archdiocese of Cologne
Location
Country Germany
Ecclesiastical provinceCologne
MetropolitanCologne, North Rhine-Westphalia
Statistics
Area6,181 km2 (2,386 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2015)
Decrease 5,394,686
Decrease 2,038,000 (Decrease 37.8%)
Parishes527
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established2nd Century
CathedralCologne Cathedral
Patron saintSt. Joseph
Immaculate Conception
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
ArchbishopRainer Woelki Cardinal
Auxiliary BishopsDominik Schwaderlapp
Ansgar Puff[1]
Rolf Steinhauser
Vicar GeneralDominik Meiering
Emeritus BishopsKlaus Dick Auxiliary bishop emeritus
Manfred Melzer Auxiliary bishop emeritus
Map
Karte Erzbistum Köln.png
Website
erzbistum-koeln.de (German)
The archdioceses of Central Europe, 1500. The archdiocese of Cologne was larger than the Electorate of the same name and included suffragant dioceses. In Germany, the territory of the dioceses and archdioceses (spiritual) was usually much larger than the prince-bishoprics and archbishoprics/electorates (temporal), ruled by the same individual.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Electorate of Cologne—not to be confused with the larger Archdiocese of Cologne—was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. The city of Cologne as such became a free city in 1288 and the archbishop eventually moved his residence from Cologne Cathedral to Bonn to avoid conflicts with the Free City, which escaped his jurisdiction.

After 1795, the archbishopric's territories on the left bank of the Rhine were occupied by France, and were formally annexed in 1801. The Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 secularized the rest of the archbishopric, giving the Duchy of Westphalia to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt. As an ecclesial government, however, the archdiocese remained (more or less) intact: while she lost the left bank including the episcopal city itself, Cologne, to the new Diocese of Aachen established under Napoleon's auspices, there still remained a substantial amount of territory on the right bank of the Rhine. After the death of the last Elector-Archbishop in 1801, the see was vacant for 23 years, being governed by vicar capitular Johann Herrmann Joseph v. Caspars zu Weiss and, after his death, by Johann Wilhelm Schmitz. In 1821, the archdiocese regained Cologne and the right bank of the Rhine (though with a new circumscription reflecting the Prussian subdivisions) and, in 1824, an archbishop was established there again. It remains an archdiocese to the present day, considered the most important one of Germany.

FinancesEdit

Cologne, the largest (in terms of inhabitants non-Catholics included) and reportedly richest diocese in Europe, announced in October 2013 that "in connection with the current discussion about Church finances" that its archbishop had reserves amounting to 166.2 million Euro in 2012. It said the 9.6 million Euro earnings from its investments were, as in previous years, added to the diocesan budget of 939 million Euro in 2012, three-quarters of which was financed by the "church tax" levied on churchgoers.[2] In 2015 the archdiocese for the first time published its financial accounts, which show assets worth more than £2bn. Documents posted on the archdiocesan website showed assets of €3.35bn (£2.5bn) at the end of 2013. Some € 2.4 billion (£1.8bn) were invested in stocks, funds and company holdings. A further €646m (£475m) were held in tangible assets, mostly property. Cash reserves and outstanding loans amounted to about €287m (£211m).[3]

List of archbishops of Cologne since 1824Edit

The following is a list of the archbishops since the Archdiocese of Cologne was re-filled in 1824.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-30. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 50°56′29″N 6°57′30″E / 50.9413°N 6.9582°E / 50.9413; 6.9582