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Aranđelovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Аранђеловац, pronounced [ǎraːndʑeloʋats] (About this soundlisten)) is a town and a municipality located in the Šumadija District of central Serbia. As of 2011, the municipality has a population of 46,225 inhabitants, while the town has 24,797 inhabitants.

Aranđelovac

Аранђеловац
Aranđelovac- collage of image (Prince Mihailo's summer residence, The Main Square in Aranđelovac, Orthodox Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul in Aranđelovac, Monument of Karađorđe in front of school in Orašac near Aranđelovac, Monument of sphinx in the park of Bukovička Banja Spa, Hotel ,,Source")
Aranđelovac- collage of image (Prince Mihailo's summer residence, The Main Square in Aranđelovac, Orthodox Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul in Aranđelovac, Monument of Karađorđe in front of school in Orašac near Aranđelovac, Monument of sphinx in the park of Bukovička Banja Spa, Hotel ,,Source")
Coat of arms of Aranđelovac
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Aranđelovac within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Aranđelovac within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°18′N 20°34′E / 44.300°N 20.567°E / 44.300; 20.567Coordinates: 44°18′N 20°34′E / 44.300°N 20.567°E / 44.300; 20.567
Country Serbia
RegionŠumadija and Western Serbia
DistrictŠumadija
Settlements19
Area
 • Town8.43 km2 (3.25 sq mi)
 • Municipality375.69 km2 (145.05 sq mi)
Elevation
257 m (843 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
24,797
 • Town density2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
 • Municipality
46,225
 • Municipality density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
34300
Area code+381(0)34
Car platesAR
Websitewww.arandjelovac.rs

It is situated beneath the mountains Bukulja and Venčac,[3] at about 255 metres (837 ft) above sea level, 75 kilometres (47 miles) away from Belgrade. The municipality encompasses two towns and 18 village communities. Also, "Bukovička Banja" Spa is located in the town.

EtymologyEdit

Most of the town territory used to belong to the village of Vrbica, today its suburb. Since prince Miloš Obrenović often resided in the Bukovička Banja, he decided to build a church in Vrbica in 1858 (one of his "repentance churches"), and dedicated it to St. Archangel Gabriel.

By the prince's decree, the growing community surrounding the church was proclaimed the town of Aranđelovac ("The town of Archangel (Angel)") in 1859, occupying major parts of territories of villages Vrbica and Bukovik. By the same decree, the prince ordered establishment of the spa of Bukovička Banja.[3]

HistoryEdit

PrehistoryEdit

Though the town itself is a 19th-century settlement, the area has been inhabited for a long time. The Paleolithic site of Risovača Cave is located at the entrance of the town. On the eastern slope of the Venčac mountain there is a locality of Dizljak, which belongs to the Neolithic Vinča culture.[4]

Roman periodEdit

The remains from the Roman period were discovered on the Mali Venčac peak. They included ceramics, glass cups and dishes, jugs, jewelry (earrings, ornamental pearls, fibulas), cloths (belts, buckles) and coins. As the area is made of limestone, artifacts corroded significantly, except for the glass remains which are exceptionally preserved. The jewelry is made of copper and silver.[4]

In the summer of 2017, further Roman remains were unearthed on the Great Venčac, the highest peak of the mountain, some 500 m (1,600 ft) away from the Little Venčac. The remains included graves, bones, glass and ceramics. The necropolis is dated between the 4th and the 6th century and by August 2018, 23 graves were discovered, including one of a child. Four skeletons were placed in the east-west direction and the others in the northwest-southeast one. The graves are spreading in the direction of the highest peak itself, but there are no sufficient funding to explore the top of the mountain itself.[4]

It was previously believed that this was a military outpost, but with the new discoveries, it is now believed that this was a fully developed and systematically built settlement. In the late 20th century, the probing of the terrain indicated that the dwelling units are located below the ground. The anthropological survey of the bones is planned in order to confirm that the civilians also lived in the settlement. One of the problems is the local quarry as archaeologists believe that the decades-old digging on the mountain destroyed most of the remains.[4]

Middle AgesEdit

In the 2010s, the remains of the 14th-century church in the Dvorine locality were discovered, while in the 16th the area was a domain of Pavle Bakić, the last Despot of Serbia.

ClimateEdit

Aranđelovac has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), that's very close to an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb).

Climate data for Aranđelovac
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
6.0
(42.8)
11.5
(52.7)
16.3
(61.3)
21.1
(70.0)
24.4
(75.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
23.0
(73.4)
17.4
(63.3)
9.8
(49.6)
4.7
(40.5)
15.9
(60.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
2.2
(36.0)
6.5
(43.7)
10.9
(51.6)
15.6
(60.1)
18.9
(66.0)
20.5
(68.9)
20.4
(68.7)
17.0
(62.6)
12.2
(54.0)
6.1
(43.0)
1.7
(35.1)
11.0
(51.8)
Average low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.5
(34.7)
5.6
(42.1)
10.1
(50.2)
13.5
(56.3)
14.6
(58.3)
14.3
(57.7)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
6.1
(43.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51
(2.0)
47
(1.9)
49
(1.9)
58
(2.3)
81
(3.2)
88
(3.5)
76
(3.0)
54
(2.1)
54
(2.1)
48
(1.9)
61
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
733
(28.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org [5]

SettlementsEdit

Aside from the town of Aranđelovac, the municipality comprises the following settlements:

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
194832,584—    
195335,338+1.64%
196138,562+1.10%
197142,122+0.89%
198146,803+1.06%
199147,618+0.17%
200248,129+0.10%
201146,225−0.45%
Source: [6]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Aranđelovac has a population of 46,225 inhabitants.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[7]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 44,581
Romani 382
Montenegrins 186
Macedonians 60
Yugoslavs 49
Croats 38
Romanians 25
Muslims 18
Hungarians 17
Bulgarians 15
Russians 14
Others 840
Total 46,225

EconomyEdit

 
Vineyards outside Arandjelovac

Being a spa resort, tourism and hospitality industry is one of the main economy activity in the town. Arandjelovac has number of hotels, including Staro zdanje, Šumadija, and Izvor,[8] as well as many smaller boutique hotels, and guest houses. In addition the streets of town are littered with many cafés, bars, restaurants and shops. Rural and eco-tourism is also popular in the villages around the town.

The most known company hailing from Aranđelovac is Knjaz Miloš, which produces the widely popular mineral water, as well as juices, pop, and energy drinks. The naturally carbonised mineral water is extracted from the wells over 100 metres (330 feet) deep, lying under famous white marble of the Vencac mountain. Marble is exploited by Venčac company. This quality material from Venčac is used to build many statues displayed in the town sprawling central park built by number of international sculptors. Company Šamot produces high temperature materials from the local deposits of aluminosilicates, while Elektroporcelan produces electrical and thermal insulation ceramics. Company Peštan specializes in PVC products. Kubršnica is the well known brick and building material factory.

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):[9]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 28
Mining 100
Processing industry 3,834
Distribution of power, gas and water 81
Distribution of water and water waste management 274
Construction 295
Wholesale and retail, repair 2,038
Traffic, storage and communication 388
Hotels and restaurants 364
Media and telecommunications 99
Finance and insurance 133
Property stock and charter 25
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 310
Administrative and other services 153
Administration and social assurance 313
Education 869
Healthcare and social work 742
Art, leisure and recreation 137
Other services 178
Total 10,362

TourismEdit

 
The Main Square in Aranđelovac.

Bukovička BanjaEdit

Aranđelovac is well known for the springs of remedial sparkling mineral water. Dositej Obradović, author, educator and a leader of the Serbian Enlightenment movement, brought the springs to the public spotlight by frequenting the spa in the late 18th and early 19th century. In 1809 he wrote that "he sleeps good when he drinks the Bukovik mineral water". Folklorist Vuk Stefanović Karadžić mentioned two sources of "sour (or acid) water" (which is a Serbian name for carbonated mineral water) in Serbia: "one sour at Asan-paša Palanka" and one "sour again, in Bukovik".[3]

By personal request of prince Miloš Obrenović, the water from Bukovik mineral springs was transported and used at his court, so the villagers began to transport the water to Belgrade by the bullock carts. The caravan travelled 9 hours to Kragujevac and 13 hours to Belgrade. After the railroad was constructed through Belgrade in 1884, the water was shipped to Budapest, Vienna, London, etc. Hand-bottling of the mineral water for commercial use began at the beginning of the 20th century, and through the decades to come to receive the highest international honors for quality, including the fairs in Brussels (1906) and London (1907), when it was declared the mineral water of highest quality. A promotional photo of guys and girls in a boat on the lake of mineral water became famous throughout Europe.[3][10]

Pavilion of Prince MilošEdit

In 1907 the Pavilion of Prince Miloš was built atop one of the oldest discovered springs. The pavilion was projected by architect Branko Tanazević and was the one of the first buildings in Serbia made with reinforced concrete. It was built in the Vienna Secession style and consisted of three sections. The mineral water spring was in the central part, bottling facility was in the northern wing, while there was a pastry shop in the southern wing. The southern wing was originally a veranda with a colonnade. Later, it was walled in order to enlarge the indoors of the building, and to mimic the opposing, northern wing.[10]

In the mid 1960s, the pavilion was adapted into an art gallery. After the pavilion was damaged during the 2014 Southeast Europe floods it was renovated from September 2015 to June 2016. The aim of the project was not just the reconstruction and moist and water protection, but the restoration of the original appearance of the edifice. As no original plans survived, the object was re-measured and the old postcards were used. During the reconstruction of the floor, the original staircase with the ceramic tiles was discovered. It leads to the original bottling location, as all the springs used to be 1.5 to 2 m (4 ft 11 in to 6 ft 7 in) below the surface. Today they are all on the ground level. The old staircase, not being included in the project as no one knew about it, was covered again. The southern wing was restored to the original veranda look, but it was glassed with transparent glass. The mineral water is still available in the central part, only now it is conducted from all neighboring springs. Southern wing still hosts the gallery and a small museum of Bukovička Banja. The reconstruction project was awarded the 2018 Europa Nostra Award, European Union prize for cultural heritage.[10]

ParkEdit

 
The park of Bukovička Banja Spa in Aranđelovac.

The beautiful park of Bukovička Banja Spa shares the popularity with Aranđelovac mineral water. It encompasses the area of 21.5 ha with the permanent exhibition of marble figures of the most eminent domestic (ex-Yugoslavian) and foreign authors, a product of the 30-year tradition of the festival Mermer i zvuci. All the events take place in the summer open scene in the park, or in the Sala Kneževa, in the Staro Zdanje hotel. This 150-year-old hotel is situated in the park itself, and its original purpose was the summer residence for the Obrenović dynasty. The Pavilion of Prince Miloš and several mineral water springs are also situated in the park. The mineral water is used in the Spa together with clay from the local area in curing diseases of the gastrointestinal system, the liver and the biliary system, respiratory diseases, and locomotor organs. The flag-bearer of the tourism in the town, the luxurious hotel and spa resort Izvor[11] is located adjacent to the park. In addition to accommodation for its guests, the hotel offers congress, SPA & wellness services.

OtherEdit

The Aranđelovac municipality area also bears historical importance. First Serbian Uprising against the Turks in 1804 started in the village of Orašac (6 km (3.73 mi) from the town). A complex in Marićevića Jaruga in Orašac memorizes the location where the rebellion started. February 15, the day of uprising, is celebrated as the day the modern Serbian state is founded.

10 km (6.21 mi) away from Aranđelovac is the accumulation Lake Garaši, Aranđelovac’s supply of water. The lake encompasses 65 hectares (160 acres), its deepest point is at 22 metres (72 feet), it is rich in fish and it is the town’s anglers' favourite fishing location. Aranđelovac Museum[12] has a permanent exhibition of various items from the Neolith Risovačka Cave, which is located at the very entrance of the town.

GalleryEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Aranđelovac is twinned with:

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ a b c d Miroslav Stefanović (25 February 2018). "Mesto za predah kraljeva i ustanika" [Respite location for kings and rebels]. Politika-Magazin, No. 1065 (in Serbian). pp. 20–21.
  4. ^ a b c d Lj.Stojanović (10 August 2018). "Rimljani ostavili trag na venčačkoj "kruni"" [Romans left mark on the Venčac's "crown"]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 12.
  5. ^ "Climate: Aranđelovac, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  6. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  8. ^ a-hotel-izvor.com
  9. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  10. ^ a b c Marija Đorđević (2 June 2018). "Павиљон кнеза Милоша на европском трону" [Pavilion of Prince Miloš on European throne]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 07.
  11. ^ a-hotel-izvor.com
  12. ^ "muzej-arandjelovac.org". Archived from the original on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2019-05-25.

External linksEdit