Arad, Bahrain

Arad (Arabic: عراد‎) is a town in Bahrain, located on Muharraq Island. It was originally a small farming village inhabited by Baharna Shia, but later expanded to include new middle-class housing, which brought with it a large Sunni population.[1]

Arad

عراد
View of Arad Fort
View of Arad Fort
Arad is located in Bahrain
Arad
Arad
Location in Bahrain
Coordinates: 26°15′N 50°39′E / 26.250°N 50.650°E / 26.250; 50.650Coordinates: 26°15′N 50°39′E / 26.250°N 50.650°E / 26.250; 50.650
CountryBahrain
GovernorateMuharraq Governorate

GeographyEdit

Arad lies east of Muharraq City and northwest of the town of Hidd. It was originally a separate island (called Arad Island) but was joined to Muharraq over the course of the 20th century through land reclamation.[2]

HistoryEdit

The name Arad comes from the Greek word Arados, the Greek name for Muharraq island alongside Tylos for the main Bahrain island.[3] It was believed that Arados was originally a Phoenician settlement, as described by the Greek historian Strabo.[4]

The Arad Fort, the Al Muharraq Stadium, and the headquarters of the Islamic Society (Bahrain) are located in the town.

GovernanceEdit

The town is administered under the Muharraq Governorate.

EducationEdit

The Bahraini Ministry of Education operates government schools nationwide. Within the Arad area, they operate boys schools include Al Kawarzmi Primary Boys School, Al-Dair Primary Boys School, Arad Primary Boys School, and Arad Primary Intermediate Boys School. Girls schools include Al Oroba Primary Girls School, Arad Intermediate Girls School, and Arad Primary Girls School.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "BAHRAIN 2018 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT" (PDF). US Embassy Bahrain. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  2. ^ Holdich, Thomas Hungerford (1911), "Bahrein Islands" , in Chisholm, Hugh (ed.), Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 212
  3. ^ Rice, Michael (2002). The Archaeology of the Arabian Gulf. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-96792-6. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  4. ^ Al-Khalifa, Shaikh Abdullah Bin Khalid (1986). Bahrain Through the Ages: The Archaeology. Routledge. p. 400. ISBN 978-0-7103-0112-3. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Directory Archived 2009-09-02 at the Wayback Machine." Ministry of Education. Retrieved on 8 September 2009.