Arabian Nights (1942 film)
Arabian Nights is a 1942 adventure film directed by John Rawlins and starring Sabu, Maria Montez, Jon Hall and Leif Erickson. The film is derived from The Book of One Thousand and One Nights but owes more to the imagination of Universal Pictures than the original Arabian stories. Unlike other films in the genre (The Thief of Bagdad), it features no monsters or supernatural elements.
|Directed by||John Rawlins|
|Produced by||Walter Wanger|
|Music by||Frank Skinner|
|Cinematography||W. Howard Greene|
Milton R. Krasner
William V. Skall
|Edited by||Philip Cahn|
Walter Wanger Productions
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
The film is one of series of "exotic" tales released by Universal Pictures during World War II. Others include Cobra Woman, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves and White Savage. This is the first film that Universal made using the three-strip Technicolor film process, although producer Walter Wanger had worked on two earlier Technicolor films for other studios: The Trail of the Lonesome Pine at Paramount and Walter Wanger's Vogues of 1938 for United Artists.
The story starts at a harem in Persia, where the elderly overseer bids his young charges to read the story of Haroun al-Rashid (Hall) and his wife Sherazade (Montez), unfolding the film's plot in the process.
Sherazade, a dancer in a wandering circus owned by Ahmad (Billy Gilbert) – whose troupe also includes Sinbad the Sailor and Aladdin, who have seemingly fallen on hard times - had captured the attention of Kamar (Erickson), the brother of caliph Haroun al-Rashid. In his infatuation with her, and because of a prophecy which names her as the future queen, Kamar had attempted to seize the throne, but was captured and sentenced to slow death by exposure. As Haroun visits his brother, for whom he feels pity, Kamar's men storm the palace and free their leader; outnumbered, Haroun is forced to flee. He manages to get near the plaza where Sherazade's circus is performing and is spotted by the young acrobat Ali Ben Ali (Sabu), who finds out his identity and decides to hide him in the circus, confiding only in Sherazade (though he does not tell her about the fugitive's true identity). Upon awakening from the wounds he had received in his flight, Haroun beholds Sherazade and instantly falls in love with her.
Meanwhile, Kamar, thinking that Haroun is dead, assumes the throne of Baghdad, but to his chagrin Sherazade is not to be found, and he orders the captain of his guard (Turhan Bey) to find her. But then the scheming Grand Vizier Nadan (Edgar Barrier) approaches the captain with the order to make Sherazade 'disappear', and upon finding them the captain decides to sell the troupe into slavery. But due to a witness the captain is exposed, and in order to preserve his plans, Nadan first gets him to confess and then murders him.
Haroun, Sherazade, and the acrobats manage to escape the slave pens and flee to the border, where they are found by Kamar's army and taken to a tent city in the desert. Kamar proposes to Sherazade, but she has in the meantime fallen in love with Haroun. Also, Nadan recognizes the caliph and his affection for Sherazade, and he uses this knowledge to blackmail Sherazade into helping him in his scheme: in exchange for Haroun's freedom, she is to poison Kamar during the wedding ceremony, upon which Nadan would assume rulership for himself. In secret, however, he plans to have Haroun killed once he has crossed the border.
Upon learning of this insidious scheme, Ali confides in his fellow performers, and they rush to free Haroun; then Haroun decides to free Sherazade with the help of the acrobats, while Ali is to summon the troops still loyal to him. Haroun and the others are quickly captured, and Sherazade and the retainers learn of his true identity. Kamar engages his brother in a sword fight, while Ahmad and the acrobats set the tents on fire; the arrival of Ali and the caliph's army triggers a massive battle with Kamar's men.
Finally, as Kamar prepares to deliver the deathstroke to Haroun, Nadan shows his true allegiance by assassinating Kamar personally. But as he prepares to finish Haroun, Ahmad and Ali interfere, forcing him to flee. But a spear thrown into his back stops him, and he dies in a burning tent; Haroun, Sherazade, their friends and the loyal subjects celebrate victory.
- Sabu – Ali Ben Ali
- Jon Hall – Haroun-Al-Raschid
- Maria Montez – Sherazade
- Leif Erickson – Kamar (as Leif Erikson)
- Billy Gilbert – Ahmad
- Edgar Barrier – Nadan
- Richard Lane – Corporal
- Turhan Bey – Captain of the Guard
- John Qualen – Aladdin
- Shemp Howard – Sinbad
- William 'Wee Willie' Davis – Valda
- Thomas Gomez – Hakim
- Jeni Le Gon – Dresser / Dancer's Maid
- Robert Greig – Eunuch
- Charles Coleman – Eunuch
- Emory Parnell – Harem Sentry
Walter Wanger had just joined Universal for whom he had made Eagle Squadron. Looking for a follow up he noted the box office success of The Thief of Bagdad which starred Sabu, who was under contract to Universal. The studio announced they would make the film on 24 March 1942. Montez, Hall and Sabu were always meant to star.
John Rawlins was assigned to direct and filming started in June. Even before filming began Universal announced the trio of leads would appear in a follow up Cobra Woman. Shortly after that the studio said they would appear in another film White Savage.
The movie was the first shot in colour on the Universal lot in 12 years.
Bosley Crowther of The New York Times panned Arabian Nights, complaining that it "bears just about as much resemblance to the body of stories generally known by that name as a pulpwood fiction resembles Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales ... It is not the story of Sinbad, the fabulous sailor, nor of Aladdin and his lamp, nor does it contain a Magic Carpet nor even a Flying Horse. It is just a conventional fiction, dressed up in flashy costumes..." Variety liked the film better, calling it "a colorful and actionful entertainment in tune with present audience requirements ... script and direction keep things moving at consistently fast clip, with dialog crisp throughout." Harrison's Reports called it "an exciting, fast-moving extravaganza" though "hampered by a weak story." Film Daily wrote: "The film captures with tremendous success all the riotous color and excitement of Araby of the story books ... [Wanger] must have spent a fortune in costumes and sets and has dressed the whole production in a show of color that has never been equalled on the screen." David Lardner of The New Yorker called the film "muddled" and suggested that Hollywood had been experiencing difficulty finding new roles for Sabu ever since Elephant Boy.
It was one of the most popular films in France in 1946 with admissions of 4,498,985.
Arabian Nights was nominated for four Academy Awards: Best Score, Best Cinematography, Best Sound Recording (Bernard B. Brown) and Best Art Direction (Alexander Golitzen, Jack Otterson, Russell A. Gausman and Ira S. Webb).
- "Arabian Nights". American Film Institute. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
- Matthew Bernstein, Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent, Minnesota Press, 2000 p441
- Article on Arabian Nights at Turner Classic Movies accessed 10 January 2014
- Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES. (Mar 24, 1942). "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: 'Arabian Nights,' Next Walter Wanger Film, to Star Jon Hall, Maria Montez and Sabu 'THE INVADERS' HELD OVER To Continue for Fourth Week at Capitol -- Double-Feature Bill at New York Theatre". New York Times. p. 25.
- Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES. (June 3, 1942). "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: Metro Buys 'A Thousand Shall Fall' -- Charles Brackett an Associate Producer NEW PICTURE AT CRITERION ' Remember Pearl Harbor' Is Arrival -- 'Take a Letter, Darling' Held Over". New York Times. p. 27.
- Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES. (June 4, 1942). "SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: Mariene Dietrich, John Wayne and Randolph Scott to Be Co-Starred in 'Pittsburgh' FOUR NEW FILMS ARRIVE ' Mrs. Miniver,' 'Ten Gentlemen From West Point,' 'Broadway' and 'Almost Married'". New York Times. p. 23.
- Schallert, Edwin (July 13, 1942). "DRAMA: Ann 'Oomphs' to Piano; Exotic Trio to Sail On". Los Angeles Times. p. 8.
- D'Arc, James V. (2010). When Hollywood came to town: a history of moviemaking in Utah (1st ed.). Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. ISBN 9781423605874.
- Crowther, Bosley (December 26, 1942). "Movie Review – The Arabian Nights". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
- "Film Reviews". Variety. New York: Variety, Inc. December 23, 1942. p. 8.
- "'Arabian Nights' with Jon Hall, Maria Montez and Sabu". Harrison's Reports: 207. December 26, 1942.
- "Reviews". Film Daily. New York: Wid's Films and Film Folk, Inc.: 6 December 23, 1942.
- Lardner, David (January 2, 1943). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. p. 46.
- "Top Grossers of the Season", Variety, 5 January 1944 p 54
- French box office of 1946 at Box Office Story
- "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
- "Arabian Nights". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2008-12-14.