April 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

April 20 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 22

All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 4 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For April 21, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 8.

SaintsEdit

Pre-Schism Western saintsEdit

Post-Schism Orthodox saintsEdit

New martyrs and confessorsEdit

Other commemorationsEdit

Icon galleryEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Alexandra (Ἀλεξάνδρα).
  3. ^ His relics are enshrined in the church of San Pietro in Oliveto in Brescia.
  4. ^ Born in Wales, he founded monasteries at Llanfeuno in Herefordshire and Llanymynech. His name is chiefly connected with Clynnog Fawr in Gwynedd.
  5. ^ A monk at St Comgall's monastery at Bangor, who went to Iona. He afterwards founded a church at Applecross on the north-west coast of Scotland.
  6. ^ A disciple of St Medericus (Merry), he became a monk at St Martin's in Autun in France, from where he was driven by the Saracens and he settled in Barjon.
  7. ^ "The Monk Jakov (James) of Stromynsk was a disciple of the Monk Sergei of Radonezh (Comm. 25 September). He was hegumen of the Stromynsk monastery in the Name of the Life-originating Trinity. The Monk Sergei himself founded this monastery in 1380 at the request of Great Prince Dimitrii Donskoi (1363-1389) in memory the victory of Kulikovo Pole (Field). At this monastery there was as hegumen also the Monk Savva of Svenigorod (1381-1392, Comm. 3 December). The Monk Jakov was buried in the monastery church."[21]
  8. ^ See also: (in Polish) Bazyli Martysz. (Polish Wikipedia).
  9. ^ Among the Martyrs of Chełm and Podlasie is St. Basil Martysz, who served for more than a decade in several locations throughout America and Canada. (The commemoration of the Martyrs of Chełm and Podlasie was set for the day of the Zaleszańska Icon of the Mother of God, that is, the last Saturday of July.)[24]
  10. ^ Commemorated on April 21, August 15 and on the Prepolovenie – Mid-Pentecost.
    "The Mozdok Icon of the Mother of God, a copy of the Iversk icon, was sent in the XIII Century by the holy empress Tamara as a gift to the newly-enlightened Christians of the Ossetian aul (village) of Mar'yam-Kadu. In 1768 this icon appeared remarkably on the banks of the Terek, not far from Mozdok. Bishop Gaii built a chapel for the icon. In 1796-1797 there was built at the place of the chapel a church in honour of the Uspenie (Dormition or Repose) of the Most Holy Mother of God, along which was soon founded a women's monastery (abolished together with the Mozdok diocese in 1799). At the end of the XIX Century the inhabitants of Mozdok built a splendid church in honour of the Mozdok-Iversk icon of the Mother of God. The Mother of God has repeatedly rendered speedy aid to the believing through Her holy icon."[26]
  11. ^ See also: (in Russian) Феодор Санаксарский. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n April 21 / May 4. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m May 4 / April 21. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  3. ^ Hieromartyr Theodore of Perge in Pamphylia, with his Mother. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  4. ^ a b c d e (in Greek) Συναξαριστής. 21 Απριλίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἀλεξάνδρα ἡ βασίλισσα καὶ οἱ θεράποντες αὐτῆς Ἀπολλώ, Ἰσαάκιος καὶ Κοδράτος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 21 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Martyr Isaac of Nicomedia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  7. ^ a b The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 111-112.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἰανουάριος, Πρόκλος, Σῶσσος, Φαῦστος, Δησιδέριος, Ἀκούτιος καὶ Εὐτύχιος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 21 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Hieromartyr Januarius the Bishop of Benevento, and his companions, at Pozzuoli. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μαξιμιανὸς Ἐπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως. 21 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ St Maximian the Patriarch of Constantinople. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀναστάσιος ὁ Ὁμολογητής ὁ Σιναΐτης. 21 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ (in Greek) Ο ΑΓΙΟΣ ΚΑΡΟΛΟΣ μάρτυρας. Εoρτάζοντες την 21ην του μηνός Απριλίου. ΗΜΕΡΟΛΟΓΙΑΚΟ ΕΟΡΤΟΛΟΓΙΟ (pigizois.net).
  14. ^ Άγιος Κάρολος ο μάρτυρας. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  15. ^ a b c d April 21. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  16. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 173-176.
  17. ^ Very Rev. John O'Hanlon. "ARTICLE I.—ST. MAELRUBIUS, OR MAOLRUBHA, OF BANGOR, COUNTY OF DOWN, AND OF APPLECROSS, SCOTLAND. [SEVENTH AND EIGHTH CENTURIES.]." In: Lives of the Irish Saints: With Special Festivals, and the Commemorations of Holy Persons. VOL. IV. Dublin, 1875. pp. 255-266.
  18. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόδωρος ὁ Μάρτυρας ὁ Φιλόσοφος. 21 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰάκωβος. 21 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 30.
  21. ^ The Monk Jakov (James) of Stromynsk. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  22. ^ a b c d e (in Russian) 21 апреля (ст.ст.) 4 мая 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  23. ^ (in Russian) Святого Василия, священника-мученика (Martysz) Archived 2014-04-09 at the Wayback Machine. православной епархии Люблин-Хелм. Retrieved 08 April, 2014.
  24. ^ Polish Church adds 30 names to Synaxis of Chełm and Podlasie Martyrs. Orthodox Christianity. Warsaw, October 31, 2019.
  25. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Σύναξις Ὑπεραγίας Θεοτόκου ἐν Μοζντὸκ τῆς Ρωσίας. 21 Απριλίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. ^ The Mozdok Icon of the Mother of God. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).

SourcesEdit

Greek Sources

Russian Sources

  • (in Russian) 4 мая (21 апреля). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  • (in Russian) 21 апреля (ст.ст.) 4 мая 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).