Application Foundation Classes

The Application Foundation Classes (AFC) were a graphical framework for building Java-based graphical user interfaces (GUIs), developed by Microsoft and shipped as part of the Microsoft SDK for Java. AFC was based on the Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT), but its architecture made it easier to extend components to better fit user needs.

AFC components were announced to be cross-platform, but they worked better with Microsoft Java Virtual Machine,[1] and support on non-Windows platform was problematic.[2][3]


The release of AFC (along with J/Direct (instead of JNI), and WFC), was part of an effort by Microsoft to gain leadership on the growing Java community.[4]

With the release of Java Foundation Classes, interest for AFC dropped, and they later were no longer maintained.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Introduction to Web Programming". Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-14. There are actually two versions of the AFC. One works with Microsoft's Java Virtual Machine that comes as part of Microsoft Internet Explorer and JDK 1.1 and another that works with the JDK 1.02. The AFC is optimized to work with Microsoft's implementation of Java and should provide higher performance and less system resource use with Microsoft's own Java implementation.
  2. ^ "Upgrade to the Official Sun Java Platform". October 2003. Archived from the original on 14 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-14. Using technologies like J/Direct (instead of JNI), Windows Foundation Classes (WFC), and Application Foundation Classes (AFC), accessing any Microsoft Windows VM specific classes may require developers to substitute similar standard technologies.
  3. ^ "Microsoft Wants to Close the Door on Non-Windows Java Applications". 1997-09-26. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-14. AFC is currently a Windows-only solution, and like J/Direct, it locks Java developers into Windows.
  4. ^ "JFC; Microsoft declares war". 1997-08-01. Retrieved 2007-07-14.

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