Open main menu

The Apple A12 Bionic is a 64-bit ARM-based system on a chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc.[7] It first appeared in the iPhone XS, XS Max, XR, and 2019 versions of the iPad Air and iPad Mini.[7][4] It has two high-performance cores which are claimed to be 15% faster and 50% more energy-efficient than the Apple A11 and four high-efficiency cores which are claimed to use 50% less power than the energy-efficient cores in the A11.[7][6]

Apple A12 Bionic
Apple A12.jpg
ProducedFrom September 12, 2018 to present
Designed byApple Inc.
Common manufacturer(s)
Max. CPU clock rateto 2.49 GHz[2] 
Min. feature size7 nm[3][4]
Instruction setA64
MicroarchitectureARMv8‑A-Compatible
Product codeAPL1W81[5]
CoresHexa-core (2× high performance Vortex + 4× high efficiency Tempest)[3][6]
L1 cache128 KB instruction, 128 KB data
L2 cache8 MB
PredecessorApple A11
SuccessorApple A13
GPUApple-designed 4 core, internal name Apple G11P[3][6]
ApplicationMobile
VariantApple A12X

DesignEdit

The A12 features an Apple-designed 64-bit ARMv8.3-A six-core CPU, with two high-performance cores running at 2.49 GHz called Vortex and four energy-efficient cores called Tempest.[3][4] The Vortex cores are a 7-wide decode out-of-order superscalar design, while the Tempest cores are a 3-wide decode out-of-order superscalar design. Like the Mistral cores, the Tempest cores are based on Apple's Swift cores from the Apple A6.[8]

The A12 also integrates an Apple-designed four-core graphics processing unit (GPU) with 50% faster graphics performance than the A11.[3][7] The A12 includes dedicated neural network hardware that Apple calls a "Next-generation Neural Engine."[9] This neural network hardware has eight cores[6] and can perform up to 5 trillion 8-bit operations per second.[3][4] Unlike the A11's Neural Engine, third party apps can access the A12's Neural Engine.[10]

The A12 is manufactured by TSMC[1] using a 7 nm[4] FinFET process, the first to ship in a consumer product,[3][1] and it contains 6.9 billion transistors.[1] The die size of the A12 is 83.27 mm2, 5% smaller than the A11.[11] It is manufactured in a package on package (PoP) together with 4 GiB of LPDDR4X memory in the iPhone XS[5] and XS Max[11] and 3 GB of LPDDR4X memory in the iPhone XR, the iPad Air (2019), and the iPad mini (2019).[12] The ARMv8.3 instruction set it supports brings a significant security improvement in the form of pointer authentication, which mitigates exploitation techniques such as those involving memory corruption, Jump-Oriented-Programming, and Return-Oriented-Programming.[13]

Die Block Comparison (mm²)[14]
SoC A12 (7 nm) A11 (10 nm)
Total Die 83.27 87.66
Big Core 2.07 2.68
Small Core 0.43 0.53
CPU Complex (incl. cores) 11.90 14.48
GPU Core 3.23 4.43
GPU Total 14.88 15.28
NPU 5.79 1.83

Products that include the Apple A12 BionicEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Summers, Nick (September 12, 2018). "Apple's A12 Bionic is the first 7-nanometer smartphone chip". Engadget. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  2. ^ "iPhone XS Benchmarks - Geekbench Browser". Geekbench. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Smith, Ryan (September 12, 2018). "Apple Announces the 2018 iPhones: iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max, & iPhone XR". AnandTech. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e "iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max bring the best and biggest displays to iPhone" (Press release). Apple. September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "iPhone XS and XS Max Teardown". iFixit. September 21, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "A12 Bionic". Apple. September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d "Apple introduces iPhone XR" (Press release). Apple. September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  8. ^ Frumusanu, Andrei. "The iPhone XS & XS Max Review: Unveiling the Silicon Secrets". AnandTech. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  9. ^ "iPhone XS - Technical Specification". Apple Inc. September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  10. ^ Frumusanu, Andrei. "The iPhone XS & XS Max Review: Unveiling the Silicon Secrets". AnandTech. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  11. ^ a b Yang, Daniel; Wegner, Stacy (September 21, 2018). "Apple iPhone Xs Max Teardown". TechInsights. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  12. ^ "iPhone XR Teardown". iFixit. October 26, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  13. ^ Levin, Jonathan (September 15, 2018). "iPhone Xs, Xr... And, one more thing..." NewOSXBook.com. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  14. ^ Frumusanu, Andrei. "The iPhone XS & XS Max Review: Unveiling the Silicon Secrets". AnandTech. Retrieved February 2, 2019.