Apostle Islands Lighthouses
There are several historic lighthouses on Lake Superior on or near the Apostle Islands in Wisconsin. Six of these lighthouses, all in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, were listed as a group on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 under the name Apostle Islands Lighthouses.
Apostle Islands Lighthouses
The original Michigan Island light, one of the six lighthouses listed
|Nearest city||Bayfield, Wisconsin|
|Architect||U.S. Lighthouse Service|
|NRHP reference No.||77000145 |
|Added to NRHP||March 8, 1977|
The lighthouses are generally located at the edge of the group of islands, as beacons to guide shipping through and around the islands. The need for guidance increased in 1855 when the Soo Locks opened, connecting Lake Superior to the St. Lawrence Seaway to the east. Shipping also increased as Duluth-Superior grew, and with the opening of Ashland's first ore dock in 1886.
The Apostle Islands lighthouses are popular among tourists. Lighthouse historian Terry Pepper has described them as "one of the more interesting geographically centered collection of [lighthouse] structures" in the United States. Another lighthouse historian, F. Ross Holland, has called them "the largest and finest single collection of lighthouses in the country."
The following lighthouses were included in the 1977 National Register listing:
- Michigan Island Lighthouse 1857 (Two lighthouses located at this site)
- Raspberry Island Lighthouse 1862
- Outer Island Lighthouse 1874
- Sand Island Light 1881
- Devils Island Lighthouse 1891
Other lighthouses are in the area, but are not included in the Apostle Islands Lighthouses listing:
- La Pointe Lighthouse and Chequamegon Point Lighthouse (listed together as the La Pointe Light Station, #83003366)
- Ashland Harbor Breakwater Lighthouse - In the vicinity, but not technically in the Apostle Islands.
- Gull Island Light, Gull Island
Major restoration projects were initiated at several of the lighthouses of the Apostle Islands in 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "Lighthouses of the Apostles". Apostle Islands National Lakeshore. National Park Service. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- Herschel L.D. Parnes (1976-05-26). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Apostle Islands Lighthouses". National Park Service. Retrieved 2018-04-15. With 12 photos.
- Jones, Meg (September 21, 2013). "$7 million project keeps Apostle Islands lighthouses shining". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
- "Michigan Island Light". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
- "Raspberry Island Light". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
- "Outer Island Light". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
- "Sand Island Light". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
- "Devil's Island Light". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
- NPS - Inventory of Historic Light Stations - Wisconsin
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Northern Wisconsin". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Wisconsin". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01.
- Pepper, Terry. "Seeing the Light: Lighthouses on the western Great Lakes". Archived from the original on 2008-01-30.
- Busch, Jane (2008) People and Places: A Human History of the Apostle Islands. National Park Service.
- Havighurst, Walter (1943) The Long Ships Passing: The Story of the Great Lakes, Macmillan Publishers.
- Oleszewski, Wes, Great Lakes Lighthouses, American and Canadian: A Comprehensive Directory/Guide to Great Lakes Lighthouses, (Gwinn, Michigan: Avery Color Studios, Inc., 1998) ISBN 0-932212-98-0.
- Wright, Larry and Wright, Patricia, Great Lakes Lighthouses Encyclopedia Hardback (Erin: Boston Mills Press, 2006) ISBN 978-1-55046-399-6.