Apataki

Apataki[2] is a coral atoll in the South Pacific Ocean, territorially part of French Polynesia. It is one of the Palliser Islands, a subgroup of the Tuamotu Archipelago. Apataki is located approximately 370 kilometres (230 miles) northeast of the island of Tahiti, 17 km (11 mi) east of Arutua and 24 km (15 mi) northeast of Kaukura. The island is approximately rectangular; it is 34 km (21 mi) long and 24 km (15 mi) wide. It has a total area of approximately 706 km2 with a land area of approximately 21 km2 (8 sq mi). Two navigable passes enter its wide lagoon.

Apataki
Apataki.jpg
NASA picture of Apataki Atoll
Apataki is located in French Polynesia
Apataki
Apataki
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates15°26′57″S 146°19′45″W / 15.44917°S 146.32917°W / -15.44917; -146.32917Coordinates: 15°26′57″S 146°19′45″W / 15.44917°S 146.32917°W / -15.44917; -146.32917
ArchipelagoTuamotus
Area706 km2 (273 sq mi)  (lagoon)
21 km2 (8 sq mi) (above water)
Length34 km (21.1 mi)
Width24 km (14.9 mi)
Administration
France
Overseas collectivityFrench Polynesia
Administrative subdivisionTuamotus
CommuneArutua
Largest settlementNiutahi
Demographics
Population350[1] (2012)
Pop. density18/km2 (47/sq mi)
Location of Apataki Atoll

As of 2012, Apataki Atoll has 350 inhabitants, down from 492 in 2007. The main village is called Niutahi.

HistoryEdit

The first recorded European to sight Apataki Atoll was Dutch navigator Jakob Roggeveen in 1722. It was visited by James Cook in 1774. On 27 May 1902, while Paul Gauguin was living in the Marquesas Islands, the mail-boat Croix du Sud between Papeete and Atuona was shipwrecked at Apataki. leading to a three-month loss of supplies for the islanders.[3][4]

There is a domestic airfield in Apataki which was inaugurated in 1977. The island appears in some maps as "Hagemeister Island".[5]

AdministrationEdit

Administratively, Apataki Atoll is part of the commune of Arutua.

EconomyEdit

Apataki has an airport but no tourism industry. The only main industry of the island is cultured Tahitian (black) pearls. The coconut palm, which forms the basis for copra (dried coconut) production, used to be of special economic importance to the islanders. On a few islands, the residents cultivate vanilla. Agriculture is generally limited to simple subsistence. Pandanus leaves are traditionally woven together as roof thatch (although corrugated sheet metal is also used today), as well as for other items such as mats and hats.

Apataki's two large reef passes provide excellent diving and surfing, both of which are serviced by local boat-based charter companies. Land-based accommodations do not exist.

CuisineEdit

Fruit and vegetable staples include yams, taro, and breadfruit, as well as a wide range of tropical fruits.

Flora and faunaEdit

The sparse soil of Apataki cannot sustain a great variety of vegetation. The animal life on the islands consists mostly of seabirds, landcrabs, insects, and lizards. The underwater fauna, however, is rich and varied, making scuba diving a popular activity for tourists.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  2. ^ Young, J.L. (1899). "Names of the Paumotu Islands, with the old names so far as they are known". Journal of the Polynesian Society. 8 (4): 264–268. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  3. ^ Bengt Danielsson, Gauguin in the South Seas, 1965, George Allen and Unwin, pp. 252, 263
  4. ^ "Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand". theshipslist.com.
  5. ^ A Directory for the Navigation of the South Pacific Ocean, p. 579, at Google Books>

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit