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Apa (born Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa; 20 January 1960),[1] nicknamed "Super Sherpa",[2] is a Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer who, jointly with Phurba Tashionce held the record for reaching the summit of Mount Everest more times than any other person. As part of The Eco Everest Expedition 2011, Apa made his 21st Mount Everest summit in May 2011 then retired after a promise to his wife to stop climbing after 22 ascents.[3][4] He first summited Everest in 1990 and his last time to the summit was in 2011.[5]

Apa
Apa Sherpa.jpg
Born1960
NationalityNepalese
Other namesApa Sherpa
Appa Sherpa
Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa
Known for21 ascents of Mount Everest

Apa met Edmund Hillary many times, and was on the Expedition with his son Peter Hillary in 1990, which was the first summit for both of them.[6] Apa estimates he has been through the Khumbu Icefall about 1000 times and almost went with Rob Hall's ill-fated 1996 expedition.[7]

When questioned about stopping at 21, Apa stated: "Everyone says 21 is a good number. I have to make my family happy. Every time I go, they worry because Everest is very risky."[8] He was still the joint holder of the world record of Mount Everest summits as of 2017, with Phurba Tashi and Kami Rita Sherpa, but the record was broken in 2018 by Kami Rita Sherpa.[9]

Early lifeEdit

Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa was born in Thame, a village in the Everest region of Nepal, near the Chinese border. Following his father's death when he was 12 years old, Apa had to take up the responsibilities of his family, consisting of his mother, two sisters and three young brothers. He dropped out of school and earned money working as a porter for mountaineering groups. His climbing career began in 1985, and he worked as a kitchen boy and porter for various groups but was not given the opportunity to reach the summit until 1990.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

Apa married Yangjin, then also a resident of Thame, in 1988 and has two sons—Tenjing and Pemba—and a daughter Dawa. A fourth child died in 2004.[10] In December, 2006, the family moved to the United States with the help of his friend Jerry Mika to provide their children a better education and for business opportunities. They live in Draper, Utah.[11][12]

In April 2009, Apa founded the Apa Sherpa Foundation, dedicated to the improvement of education and economic development in Nepal.[13] Although he worked as a guide for years, he wants young people to have other career options. "The Sherpas do all the hard work and they were the only ones taken in this tragedy," he said in 2014 after 16 Sherpas died in an avalanche on 18 April.[14] (In 2015, 10 Sherpas died at the Everest Base Camp after the avalanches in the wake of the April 2015 Nepal earthquake. In total, 118 Sherpas have died on Everest between 1921 and 2018.)[15][16]) "They are doing this [mountain guiding and portering] because they have ... no other choice to make money. With an education they have a choice. Our goal is to give the younger generation a chance to go to school so they don't have to climb."[17]

When not on expeditions, Apa works for Diamond Mold, a precision machining and injection molding company in Salt Lake City, Utah that has also supported his foundation.[18][19][20]

Climbing careerEdit

Apa first reached the summit of Mount Everest on his fourth attempt, on May 10, 1990, with a New Zealand team led by climber Rob Hall along with Peter Hillary, son of Edmund Hillary.[21] He then began his career as Sirdar, or chief Sherpa, for many high altitude expeditions. Except for 1996 and 2001, he reached the summit every year between 1990 and 2011; all but three times have been in May. In 1992 he reached the summit twice.

Apa in his May 2010 Trek says that climbing to Everest has become tough due to the melting of ice and rock surfaces. He sees visible changes on the Everest summit due to global warming. [22][23]

After retirementEdit

After climbing Everest 21 times, he retired in 2011 and eventually moved to the Salt Lake City area of Utah but frequently travels to Nepal. In 2009, he co-founded The Apa Sherpa Foundation, a group striving to proved better education and an improved economy in Nepal.[24][25]

Ascents of Mount EverestEdit

Apa summitted Mount Everest a total of 21 times. Aside from these 21 ascents, Apa has also participated in unsuccessful attempts.

At one time, Apa held the world record with 21 ascents of Everest, which he then held jointly with Phurba Tashi and later, with Kami Rita Sherpa. In May 2018 however, the latter made his 22nd ascent on 16 May, 2018, putting Apa and Tashi in a tie for second.[26] In May 2019, Kami Rita Sherpa scaled Everest for the 23rd time, breaking his own record.[27]

# Date Expedition
1 May 10, 1990 International
2 May 8, 1991 Sherpa Support/American Lhotse
3 May 12, 1992 New Zealand
4 October 7, 1992 Everest International
5 May 10, 1993 American
6 October 10, 1994 Everest International
7 May 15, 1995 American On Sagarmatha
8 April 26, 1997 Indonesian
9 May 20, 1998 EEE
10 May 26, 1999 Asian-Trekking
11 May 24, 2000 Everest Environmental Expedition
12 May 16, 2002 Swiss Everest 50th Anniversary Expedition 1952–2002
13 May 26, 2003 American Commemorative Expedition
14 May 17, 2004 Dream Everest Expedition 2004
15 May 31, 2005 Climbing for a cure
16 May 19, 2006 Team No Limit
17 May 16, 2007 Super Sherpas
18 May 22, 2008 The Eco Everest Expedition
19 May 21, 2009 The Eco Everest Expedition
20 May 22, 2010 The Eco Everest Expedition
21 May 11, 2011 The Eco Everest Expedition

May 2009 ascentEdit

Apa broke his own record by reaching the summit of Everest for the nineteenth time on May 21, 2009. He was a member of The Eco Everest Expedition, led by Bill Burke, whose purpose was to raise awareness about climate change. The team spent half an hour at the top of the mountain, unfurling a banner that said "Stop Climate Change".[28] The team brought down five tonnes of mountain trash that includes parts of a crashed helicopter, tin cans and climbing material.[2] On this expedition, a friend and fellow Sherpa, Lhakpa Nuru, was swept away in an avalanche on May 7, 2009, and died.[29][30]

May 2011 ascentEdit

Apa again broke his own record by reaching the summit of Everest for the twenty-first time on May 11, 2011.[3]

Great Himalayan TrailEdit

On April 2012, he successfully led the first expedition to complete the Great Himalaya Trail, a 1,700-kilometre (1,050-mile) trek spanning the entire length of the Nepalese Himalayas.[31] The Great Himalaya Trail is considered to be one of the world's most difficult treks.[31] Sherpa and three companions set off in January on the Climate Smart Celebrity Trek, an expedition promoting tourism and highlighting the effects of climate change.[31] The adventurers set out from the shadow of the world's third-highest peak, Mount Kanchenjunga, in the east and finished at Nepal's border with Tibet in the west, 20 days ahead of schedule.[31] Along the way they traversed some of the world's most rugged landscapes, ascending beyond 6,000 metres (19,600 feet).[31] Dawa Steven Sherpa, a member of the expedition who has climbed Everest twice, said the group found mountain communities that rely on subsistence farming were suffering the effects of climate change.[31]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Sherpas of Everest Series: Apa Sherpa". EverestHistory.com. Archived from the original on 2009-06-25. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  2. ^ a b "The world's most renowned Sherpa talks Mt. Everest". Washington Post. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  3. ^ a b "World Record: Apa Sherpa's Everest summit no 21".
  4. ^ Clash, Jim. "Meet The Man Who Has Been To The Top Of Everest A World Record 21 Times". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  5. ^ Clash, Jim. "Meet The Man Who Has Been To The Top Of Everest A World Record 21 Times". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  6. ^ Clash, Jim. "Meet The Man Who Has Been To The Top Of Everest A World Record 21 Times". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  7. ^ Clash, Jim. "Meet The Man Who Has Been To The Top Of Everest A World Record 21 Times". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  8. ^ Clash, Jim. "Meet The Man Who Has Been To The Top Of Everest A World Record 21 Times". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  9. ^ "Nepalese Kami Rita Sherpa scales Mount Everest for record 21 times". The Financial Express. 2017-05-27. Retrieved 2017-05-27.
  10. ^ Fahys, Judy (2007-01-19). "Utah's own sherpa to set record on Everest". The Salt Lake Tribue.
  11. ^ "Sixteen summits later:Everest climber begins a new life in Utah". The Santa Fe New Mexican. 2006-12-28.
  12. ^ Gorrell, Mike. "Climber from Nepal reaches for personal summit in SLC". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 18 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  13. ^ "World record holder Apa Sherpa to create new foundation". Archived from the original on 9 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  14. ^ https://archive.sltrib.com/article.php?id=57877542&itype=CMSID
  15. ^ http://www.alanarnette.com/blog/2018/05/22/everest-2018-wave-9-recap-more-sherpa-deaths-with-summits/
  16. ^ https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/05/150513-everest-climbing-nepal-earthquake-avalanche-sherpas/
  17. ^ https://archive.sltrib.com/article.php?id=57877542&itype=CMSID
  18. ^ [1] Archived November 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ [2][dead link]
  20. ^ Howe, Steve. "The Porters' Progress". Backpacker. Archived from the original on 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  21. ^ "Another man conquers highest peak". Aiken Standard. 10 May 1990.
  22. ^ "WWF - Climate Witness: Apa Sherpa, Nepal". Wwf.panda.org. 2009-10-15. doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9555-9. Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  23. ^ "Climate change making Everest more dangerous: Sherpa". Physorg.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  24. ^ http://www.thamesherpafund.org/about-1
  25. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/mount-everest-world-record-climbs-sherpa-kami-rita-latest-nepal-kathmandu-a8298926.html
  26. ^ "Kami Rita Sherpa scales Mt Everest for record 22 times". The Himalayan Times. 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  27. ^ https://www.chicagotribune.com/nation-world/ct-sherpa-climber-mount-everest-record-20190515-story.html
  28. ^ "Utahn Apa Sherpa tops Everest for the 19th time". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  29. ^ "Sherpa swept away in Mount Everest avalanche". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  30. ^ "Appa summits Everest for 19th time". Republica. Archived from the original on 23 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  31. ^ a b c d e f "Nepal's 'Super Sherpa' crosses the Himalayas". AFP. Retrieved 25 April 2012.

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