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Ap Lei Chau (Chinese: 鴨脷洲), formerly Aberdeen Island, is an island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island, next to Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel, with an area of 1.30 square kilometres (0.50 sq mi).[2] Administratively, it is part of Southern District. Ap Lei Chau is the second most densely populated island in the world.

Ap Lei Chau
鴨脷洲
Ap Lei Chau 1.jpg
Ap Lei Chau viewed from Hong Kong Trail Stage 2, in the Hong Kong Island, across Aberdeen Harbour. (2008)
Ap Lei Chau location map.svg
Location of Ap Lei Chau within Hong Kong
Geography
Location South of Hong Kong Island
Coordinates 22°14′30″N 114°9′20″E / 22.24167°N 114.15556°E / 22.24167; 114.15556Coordinates: 22°14′30″N 114°9′20″E / 22.24167°N 114.15556°E / 22.24167; 114.15556
Area 1.3 km2 (0.50 sq mi)
Highest elevation 196 m (643 ft)
Highest point Yuk Kwai Shan (玉桂山)
Administration
District Southern District
Demographics
Population 86,782 (2007[1])
Pop. density 66,755 /km2 (172,895 /sq mi)
Ap Lei Chau
Traditional Chinese 鴨脷洲
Simplified Chinese 鸭脷洲
Literal meaning Duck tongue island
Ap Lei Chau viewed from Ap Lei Chau Bridge in 2016
Ap Lei Chau Bridge Road on Ap Lei Chau.

Contents

HistoryEdit

On a map dating from the Ming dynasty, the island is shown, together with a village with the name "Heung Kong Tsuen", the literal meaning of which in Chinese is "Fragrant Harbour Village" (香港村). This is probably the origin of the name "Hong Kong".

Before the First Opium War, Ap Lei Chau was essentially a fishing village. As a consequence of the Treaty of Nanking, it was in 1841 ceded to the British together with Hong Kong Island.

Since then, little attention had been paid to this small island, although Ap Lei Chau does shelter Aberdeen Harbour, creating an excellent natural typhoon shelter.

In 1968, Hongkong Electric opened a power station on Ap Lei Chau to provide electricity for the whole of Hong Kong Island. In 1980 and 1994, a bridge was constructed to connect the island to the Hong Kong Island, and this created momentum for rapid economic development. Public housing estates were built to accommodate people, including some who had suffered in a fire in the Aberdeen shelter.

In 1989, the generators of the power station were relocated to Lamma Island, and the old power station was demolished. The site was re-developed into the South Horizons residential area, with the addition of some land reclaimed from the sea.

Geography and demographicsEdit

 
Mount Johnston on Ap Lei Chau, viewed from Ocean Park.

Ap Lei Chau was named after the shape of the island, which resembles the tongue of a duck. Ap means duck, Lei means tongue, and Chau means island. The northern part has the highest population, while the southern part of the island is less densely populated.

The highest point on the island is Yuk Kwai Shan (玉桂山; aka. Mount Johnston), with an altitude of 196 metres (643 ft).

It comprises four main residential estatesLei Tung Estate, Ap Lei Chau Main Street, South Horizons and Ap Lei Chau Estate, each of which comprises several highrise towers. There is an industrial estate on the southern tip of the island.

The population of Ap Lei Chau is 86,782 as of 2007,[3] and its area is 1.30 square kilometres (0.50 square miles), giving it a population density of 66,755 people / km², and making it the second most densely populated island in the world.[4]

Ap Lei Chau also lends its name to the Ap Lei Chau geologic formation, which covers most of Hong Kong Island.[5]

Places of interestEdit

 
Shui Yuet Temple on Ap Lei Chau.

The Hung Shing Temple located on Hung Shing Street, off Main Street, Ap Lei Chau, is a notable site. Dating back to 1773, it is the oldest temple in the Aberdeen and Ap Lei Chau areas[6] and is a declared monument.

The Shui Yuet Temple aka. Kwun Yum Temple is located at No. 181 Main Street, Ap Lei Chau. Dedicated to Guan Yin, it was built at the end of the 19th century[7] and is a Grade III historic building. The temple site is adjacent to the site of the former Aberdeen Police Station. Clearly chosen for its feng shui, the superior dragons were seen as being protection from the 'threat of the tiger's jaw' from the police station. Although the police station has now been demolished, the dragons are still present and seen as enduring feng shui guards.

TransportationEdit

 
Ap Lei Chau Bridge.

Ap Lei Chau and Hong Kong Island are connected by the four lane Ap Lei Chau road bridge. Opened in 1983, it originally only had two lanes, and was widened to four in 1994.

Buses are the main form of transport for the residents in Ap Lei Chau. There are five bus termini in total on the island:

  • Ap Lei Chau Estate
  • Ap Lei Chau Industrial Estate
  • Ap Lei Chau Main Street
  • Lei Tung Estate
  • South Horizons

Green minibuses and taxis are available.

There is a regular sampan service running between Ap Lei Chau Main Street and Aberdeen. (Service hours: 6am-12am)

The MTR South Island Line opened on December 28, 2016 links Admiralty of Hong Kong Island to Ap Lei Chau by Aberdeen Channel Bridge. There are two stations on the island: Lei Tung (for Lei Tung Estate and Ap Lei Chau Main Street) and South Horizons (for South Horizons, Ap Lei Chau Estate and Ap Lei Chau Industrial Estate) serving the development of the same name.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ District Council Election 2007 - Southern Archived August 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. The sum of the population in constituency areas D02 to D07
  2. ^ Survey and Mapping Office, Lands Department: Hong Kong geographic data sheet
  3. ^ District Council Election 2007 - Southern Archived August 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. The sum of the population in constituency areas D02 to D07
  4. ^ Island Superlatives
  5. ^ Ap Lei Chau Formation Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Chinese Temples Committee website - Hung Shing Temple, Ap Lei Chau Archived December 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Chinese Temples Committee website - Shui Yuet Temple, Ap Lei Chau Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit