Anwar Hossain Manju
Anwar Hossain Manju (born 1 January 1944) is a Bangladeshi politician who is the incumbent Jatiya Sangsad member representing Pirojpur-2 constituency which consists of Kawkhali, Bhandaria and Zianagar upazilas. He was elected a member of Jatiya Sangsad a total of seven times. He is a former Minister of Water Resources, Minister of Communications as Communications Transport and Minister of Energy and Mineral Resource.
Anwar Hossain Manju
আনোয়ার হোসেন মঞ্জু
Manju in April 2016
|Member of Parliament|
|Assumed office |
5 January 2014
|Preceded by||Shah Alam|
28 October 2001 – 27 October 2006
|Preceded by||Tasmima Hossain|
15 April 1988 – 6 December 1990
14 July 1996 – 13 July 2001
|Preceded by||Shahjahan Omar|
|Minister of Water Resources|
3 January 2018 – 7 January 2019
|Preceded by||Anisul Islam Mahmud|
|Minister of Environment and Forest|
12 January 2014 – 3 January 2018
|Succeeded by||Anisul Islam Mahmud|
|Minister of Road Transport and Bridges|
23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001
|Preceded by||Abdul Matin Chowdhury|
|Succeeded by||Nazmul Huda|
27 March 1988 – 6 December 1990
|Preceded by||M. Motiur Rahman|
|Succeeded by||Oli Ahmad|
|Minister of Energy and Mineral Resource|
|Born||1 January 1944|
Pirojpur District, Bengal Presidency, British India
|Political party||Jatiya Party (JP-Manju)|
Manju was born in the present-day Pirojpur District of Bangladesh. He is a graduate of the University of Dhaka where he completed his honors in geography with physics and mathematics. He pursued further studies in international relations at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.
Manju was the minister of energy and mineral resource of Bangladesh from 1985 to 1988 under Hossain Mohammad Ershad. As Energy Minister, his achievements include the augmentation of energy generation from 700 to 2,500 megawatts, and the launching of the major public works project of the Jamuna Bridge. Hossain then served as Minister of Communications (1988–1990) for Ershad's government.
Manju was a vocal opponent of Ershad's introduction of religious references to the Constitution of Bangladesh. He objected to the declaration of Islam as the state religion of Bangladesh and warned that such an assault on secularism constitutes a slippery slope that would erode Bangladesh's successes as a progressive society. From 1996 to 2001, he served as Minister of Communications (1996–2001) in Sheikh Hasina's government. Hossain negotiated Jatiya Party's extension of support to Sheikh Hasina's party, the Awami League, to form a national government. He is Chairman of Jatiya Party (JP-Manju). He led the faction of the Jatiya Party that rejected the 1994 decision of the Party leader Ershad to align the Party with Khaleda Zia's Bangladesh National Party (BNP). He was a Presidium Member of Jatiya Party (1986–1994).
Manju's public service also include positions in the legislative branch of government. He served as Member of Parliament in Bangladesh for five consecutive terms. He was elected five times to Parliament in 1986, 1988, 1991, 1996, and 2001 to represent the Bhandaria-Kaukhali constituency in the district of Pirojpur in the National Parliament. The mandate of the last Parliament expired in 2006, putting into place a caretaker government (CTG).
Manju served as the editor and publisher of The Daily Ittefaq from 1972 to 2007. The newspaper is the first Bangla vernacular newspaper founded by Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani and Yar Mohammad Khan. Meanwhile, Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah worked as an editor. Following an agreement with the other shareholders of Ittefaq, Manju assumed the position of editor and publisher in July 2010. Manju is also a businessman. His enterprise positions include founder, the Aegis Holdings Group. He is also chairman of the board, MAST Packaging Ltd. & Zenith Packaging Ltd., one of the most notable packaging firms in Bangladesh with an international clientele including the British-American Tobacco Company.
Charges and sentencesEdit
In April 2007, as part of the caretaker government's anti-graft crackdown, National Board of Revenue (NBR) directed all the banks to submit transaction data of 71 individuals including Manju, his wife and his four daughters. According to NBR, Manju bought a BMW using the parliamentarian membership privilege of importing duty-free cars. 
On 24 March 2008, Manju and his wife were charged by Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) for amassing wealth illegally and concealing information in their wealth statement. According to the complaint filed in October 2007, Manju owned property worth Tk 17.1 crore which was disproportionate to his income and he also had concealed information of wealth worth Tk 4.22 crore in the statement submitted to the ACC. Manju's wife was made an accused in the case for abetting her husband.
On 26 June 2007, Manju was sentenced to five years of imprisonment and fined Tk 10,000 for possessing 21 bottles of liquor at his Dhanmondi residence. Manju was sent to jail on surrender in a graft case.
In August 2010, the High Court cleared the 13-year-jail term sentenced by the lower court and in November 2015, the Supreme Court upheld the decision.
Manju is married to Tasmima Hossain and has 4 daughters - Seema Hossain, Tareen Hossain, Anushay Hossain, and Maneeza Hossain.
- "Manju, his wife, Quader charged". The Daily Star. 24 March 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- "Constituency 128_11th_En". www.parliament.gov.bd. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- "EC BD" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2015.
- "No threat to Sundarbans". The Daily Star. 1 September 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "Anwar Hossain Manju gets environment and forest ministry". The Daily Ittefaq. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- মাননীয় মন্ত্রী. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (in Bengali). Archived from the original on 22 June 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "Rift in JP widens". The Daily Star. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- Chowdhury, Kamran Reza (3 June 2013). "Chumki paid huge price in politics". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "Yet another may withdraw candidature". The Daily Star. 23 February 2008. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "NBR seeks bank statement of 71". The Daily Star. 16 April 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- "NBR wants cancellation of duty-free car import by MPs". The Daily Star. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- "Manju, his wife, Quader charged". The Daily Star. 24 March 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- "Nadim, Millat sent to jail on surrender". The Daily Star. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- "SC upholds acquittal of Manju". The Daily Star. 16 November 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2020.