Open main menu

The Antonov An-28 (NATO reporting name Cash) is a twin-engined light turboprop transport aircraft, developed from the Antonov An-14M. It was the winner of a competition against the Beriev Be-30, for use by Aeroflot as a short-range airliner.[1] It first flew in 1969. A total of 191 were built and 16 remain in airline service as at August 2015.[2] After a short pre-production series built by Antonov, it was licence-built in Poland by PZL-Mielec. In 1993, PZL-Mielec developed its own improved variant, the PZL M28 Skytruck.

PZL-Mielec An-28, Chaika Avia Company AN1414321.jpg
Antonov An-28
Role Short-range airliner
Manufacturer WSK PZL Mielec
Design group Antonov
First flight September 1969
Introduction 1986
Status Operational
Primary user Aeroflot (former)
Produced 1975–1993
Number built 191
Developed from Antonov An-14
Variants PZL M28
Developed into Antonov An-38



The An-28 is similar to the An-14 in many aspects, including its wing structure and twin rudders, but features an expanded fuselage and turboprop engines, in place of the An-14's piston engines. The An-28 first flew as a modified An-14 in 1969. The next preproduction model did not fly until 1975. In passenger carrying configuration, accommodation was provided for up to 15 people, in addition to the two-man crew.[3] Production was transferred to PZL-Mielec in 1978. The first Polish-built aircraft did not fly until 1984. The An-28 finally received its Soviet type certificate in 1986.


The original Antonov designation for an enlarged, twin-turboprop version of the An-14.
Twin-engined short-range utility transport aircraft, three built.
An-28RM Bryza 1RM
Search and rescue, air ambulance aircraft.
An-28TD Bryza 1TD
Transport version.
Variant with Pratt & Whitney engines first flown 22 July 1993.


Civil operatorsEdit

An-28 on USSR postal stamp

Major operators of the 16 Antonov An-28 aircraft remaining in airline service include:


Former operatorsEdit

  • Blue Wing Airlines (formerly operated five with three lost in crashes on 3 April 2008, 15 October 2009, and 15 May 2010)

Military operatorsEdit


Former military operatorsEdit


Former operatorsEdit

  Soviet Union

Notable accidents and incidentsEdit

Specifications (An-28)Edit

Comparison of the An-14 and the An-28

Data from[1]

General characteristics


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Lundgren, Johan (1996–2006). "The Antonov/PZL Mielec An-28". AirNav Systems LLC. Archived from the original on 18 June 2006. Retrieved 1 July 2006.
  2. ^ Morrison, Murdo; Fafard, Antoine (31 July 2015). "World Airliner Census 2015". Flightglobal Insight. Flight International (Flightglobal, published 11 August 2015)
  3. ^ Green, W. 1976. The Observer's Book of Aircraft. (25th ed.) Frederick Warne & Co. pp. 254. ISBN 0-7232-1553-7
  4. ^ Hoyle 2016, p. 35.
  5. ^ Hoyle 2016, p. 48.
  6. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 28 ES-NOV Kärdla".
  7. ^ "Accident description". Aviation safety network. Archived from the original on 30 October 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  8. ^ "9Q-CUN? Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  9. ^ "RA-28715 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  10. ^ "10 dead in An-28 plane crash in Russia's Far East". Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  • Hoyle, Craig (6–12 December 2016). "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International. Vol. 190 no. 5566. pp. 22–53. ISSN 0015-3710.

External linksEdit