Anton Vratuša (born Vratussa Antal;[A] 21 February 1915 – 30 July 2017) was a Slovenian politician and diplomat who was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 1978 to 1980, and Yugoslavia's ambassador to the United Nations.
Anton Vratuša (2009)
|8th President of the Executive Council of Slovenia|
9 May 1978 – July 1980
|Preceded by||Andrej Marinc|
|Succeeded by||Janez Zemljarič|
|Born||21 February 1915|
(today Dolnji Slaveči, Slovenia)
|Died||30 July 2017 (aged 102)|
|Political party||League of Communists of Yugoslavia|
|Alma mater||University of Ljubljana|
|Civilian awards||Order of Merits for the People (I rank)Order of Brotherhood and Unity (II rank)|
|Years of service||1941–45|
|Battles/wars||World War II in Yugoslavia|
|Military awards||Order of the Partisan Star (II rank)Commemorative Medal of the Partisans of 1941|
Vratuša was born in Alsócsalogány, Austria-Hungary, today Dolnji Slaveči, Slovenia. His parents were Vratussa Antal and Anna Bokán. He passed the exam for becoming a teacher of stenography. He defended his Doctorate Thesis in the field of Slavistics at the Faculty of philosophy in Ljubljana in the year 1941.
After the outbreak of the World War II in Yugoslavia, Vratuša joined the Yugoslav Partisans, but was interned in the Italian concentration camps of Gonars, of Treviso, of Padova and of Rab from February 1942 to September 1943. After the concentration camp at Rab was liberated by the Partisans, Vratuša was named Deputy Commander of their Rab battalion, made up of camp survivors. He was also the head of the Yugoslav Partisans' delegation at the National Liberation Committee, the Italian Partisans' underground political entity during the German occupation of Italy in the last years of World War II.
After the war, he pursued an academic and diplomatic career. He was Chief of Staff to Edvard Kardelj (1953–65) and Yugoslavia's ambassador to the United Nations (1967–69). From April 1978 to July 1980, he was the Prime Minister of the Yugoslav Socialist Republic of Slovenia. He was also a member of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
He helped to found the International Center for Promotion of Enterprises, formerly known as the International Center for Public Enterprises in Developing Countries, and later served as the Honorary President of its Council.
Vratuša's published works include The Commune in Yugoslavia (1965) and Prospects of the Non-Aligned Movement (1981). From 1985 until 1988, he wrote various UN publications, especially in the fields of the law of the sea and politics in developing countries.
- Vilko Novak (2004) (in Slovene, Hungarian). Zgodovina iz spomina/Történelem emlékezetből. [History From Memory]. Založba ZRC. Ljubljana. 2004, p. 99. ISBN 961-6500-34-1.
- Ivan Jerič (January 2001) (in Slovene). Zgodovina madžarizacije v Prekmurju. [History of Magyarisation in Prekmurje]. Murska Sobota. Pg. 15.
- "V 103. letu starosti se je poslovil akademik in politik Anton Vratuša".
- Születettek és házasultak nyakönyve, Vízlendva 1860–1935
- Dervarič, Tadeja (April 2010). "Dr. Anton Vratuša" (PDF). Občina Grad: Informativno glasilo Občine Grad [Municipality of Grad: The Informative Bulletin of the Municipality of Grad] (in Slovenian). XI (28). pp. 14–15.[permanent dead link]
- (in Slovene) Vratuša, Anton – Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti, sazu.si]
- "Text at vratusa.doc" (PDF) (in Slovenian).[permanent dead link]
- Vratusa, Anton (1 January 1981). "Prospects of the Non-Aligned Movement". International Studies. 20 (1–2): 67–79. doi:10.1177/002088178102000106.
- https://www.prlekija-on.net, Dejan Razlag. "Umrl je priznani akademik, dr. Anton Vratuša".
- "Umrl je Anton Vratuša".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anton Vratuša.|
- on YouTube
- "Survivors of war camp lament Italy's amnesia" (dead link)
- Biography at the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (in Slovene)
| Chairmen of the Executive Council of Slovenia
9 May 1978 – July 1980