Anton Uesson

Anton Uesson (12 January 1879 – 13 April 1942)[1] was an Estonian politician and engineer.

Anton Uesson
Born(1879-01-12)12 January 1879
Died13 April 1942(1942-04-13) (aged 63)
OccupationEngineer, architect, politician
Years active1912–1940
Spouse(s)Julie Uesson (née Halliku)

Early life and careerEdit

Born in Haimre Parish, Kreis Wiek, Governorate of Estonia (now Rapla County, Estonia),[2] he was the son of Jaan Uesson and Ann Uesson (née Mänd). He was one of eight siblings. Uesson graduated from the Theological Seminary in Riga, present-day Latvia in 1902. In 1910, he finished his studies at the Riga Polytechnic Institute, graduating cum laude with a degree as a civil engineer.[2] He began his career as an architect and engineer by constructing many of Tallinn's Jugendstil buildings in the 1910s, working for Tallinn's then-mayor Voldemar Lender. By the spring of 1912, Uesson was constructing over 40 houses in the capital city.[3]


In 1917 Uesson was a founding member and member of the board of trustees of the Estonian Technical Society.[4] In 1919, Anton Uesson was elected the Deputy Mayor of Tallinn; a post which he held until 1934, when he became deputy mayor, which post was renamed mayor since 1 May 1938.

In 1928, when the Tallinn city government learned that Herbert Hoover had been elected the United States president, Anton Uesson sent Hoover a congratulatory telegram. Hoover had previously, in 1920, been elected an Honorary Citizen of Tallinn. On 4 December Vaba Maa reported on President-elect Hoover's gracious response to Uesson from California.[5]


In 1940, during the Soviet invasion of Estonia in World War II, Uesson was arrested by Soviet authorities, along with many other prominent Estonian politicians and intellectuals. He was sent to a gulag in Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk oblast and executed by gunshot on 13 April 1942.[1]


  • 1917, Estonian Engineering Society, a founder and first chairman.
  • 1918–1919, Founding member of the Tallinn Technical School and a member of the board of trustees.
  • 1920–1922, I EV Riigikogu.
  • 1920–1940, The Paramilitaries Endowment Committee Chairman.
  • 1920–1940, Chair of the Board of the Association of Estonian Cities.[6]
  • 1935–1940, Engineering's Chairman Committee.
  • 1937, Member of the Estonian National Assembly (Rahvuskogu).
  • 1938–1940, National Council (Riiginõukogu) member.



The stronger the control of local governments, the better the local government representatives and leaders have managed these governments.

– Anton Uesson, 1938[7]


  1. ^ a b Mati Unt and Eric Dickens: Brecht at Night. p. 161. Dalkey Archive Pr; First English Translation edition 14 July 2009. ISBN 1-56478-532-7
  2. ^ a b Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli Raamatukogu (Tallinn Technical School) Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Estonian Art 1' 1999
  4. ^ (in Estonian)
  5. ^ Herbert Hoover Comes to Tallinn Archived 27 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Estonica:Local Self-government: Definition, its Position in Public Administration and Historical Development[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ [1] Oviir, Mihkel: Juridica International: Extension of the National Audit Office’s Powers to Audit of Local Governments: Limitation or Constitutional Protection of Local Democracy? pp. 116–124. 2007

External linksEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Linnapea A. Uesson 60-aastane. Uus Eesti, 12 January 1939, no. 11. pp 6.
Political offices
Preceded by
Aleksander Hellat
Deputy Mayor of Tallinn
Succeeded by
Gottlieb Ast
Preceded by
Gottlieb Ast
Mayor of Tallinn
Succeeded by
Jaan Soots