Anton Olmstead Myrer (November 3, 1922–January 19, 1996) was a United States Marine Corps veteran and a best-selling author of American war novels that accurately and sensitively depict the lives of United States Army officers while in combat and in peace time. His 1968 novel, Once An Eagle, written at the peak of the Vietnam War, is required reading for all Marines and is frequently used in leadership training at West Point. The novel, considered a classic of military literature and a guide to honorable conduct in the profession of arms, has been compared favorably to Leo Tolstoy's magnum opus War and Peace. Ten years after publication, Once an Eagle was made into a television mini-series starring Sam Elliott. Glenn Ford played a supporting character.
|Born||November 3, 1922|
Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
|Died||January 19, 1996 (aged 73)|
Saugerties, New York, United States
|Alma mater||Boston Latin High School|
Phillips Exeter Academy
|Spouse||Patricia Schartle Myrer (1923–2010)|
Myrer wrote eight other novels, of which The Big War (1957) was adapted for a movie in 1958 and The Last Convertible (1978) was made into a television mini-series in 1979. Once An Eagle (1968) and The Last Convertible (1978) became international best-sellers and were translated in 19 languages.
The United States Army War College Foundation celebrates October 14 every year as Anton Myrer Army Leader Day to discuss leadership issues at the strategic level. This day serves as the capstone event for the U.S. Army War College's strategic leadership course. The United States Army War College also presents an award called the Anton Myrer Strategic leadership Writing Award annually on graduation day.
Early years and military serviceEdit
Born in Worcester, Massachusetts, on November 3, 1922, to Raymond Lewis and Angele E. Myrer, Myrer grew up in Boston, graduating from Boston Latin High School in 1940. He prepared at Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire before entering Harvard College in September 1941 with the Class of 1945. Myrer's studies were interrupted, however, after the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Soon after the attack, he, like many of his college peers, sought to enroll in the Army Reserve but was rejected. In 1942, he enlisted and was accepted by the United States Marine Corps. Myrer participated in the Battle of Guam and the occupation of the remaining Mariana Islands afterwards. He was wounded in Guam and was promoted to the rank of corporal before being discharged in 1946.
Education, marriage, and writingEdit
He returned to Harvard and graduated magna cum laude with an A.B. in May 1947, two years after his original classmates.
In August 1947, he married artist Judith Rothschild and relocated to Rosemead, California. Random House published his first novel Evil Under the Sun in 1951. To support his family, he continued to work a number of low-paying, unskilled jobs. In 1957, his novel The Big War, published by Appleton-Century-Crofts, was financially and critically successful, resulting in the 1958 film screenplay he wrote with Edward Anhalt re-titled In Love and War, starring Robert Wagner and Bradford Dillman.
In 1960, the Myrers moved back to the Northeast to a country home in Saugerties, New York, and a summer home on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Little, Brown published The Violent Shore (1962) and The Intruder: A Novel of Boston (1965).
He separated from his wife and divorced her in 1970. Soon afterward he married Patricia Schartle (May 21, 1923 – June 26, 2010).
Anton Myrer died on January 19, 1996, of leukemia at the age of 73. He was survived by his widow. The couple had no children. On February 20, 1996, Patricia Myrer wrote a letter to her close friend, popular Chicago radio personality Art Hellyer, informing him that Anton had suffered from acute leukemia for nine months prior to his death and had been in isolation in a local hospital. She thanked Art Hellyer for the mix tapes that he had sent and said that Anton had died in her arms. On the receipt of Patricia Myrer's letter, Art Hellyer dedicated a four-hour radio show to Anton Myrer.
In March 1997, Anton's widow, Patricia, donated $25,000 to the New York Society Library in memory of her husband who had received books from the library by mail at his home in Saugerties in upstate New York. The donation was used to purchase and preserve quality fiction published until the death of Henry James (1916), and serious literary criticism. A special book-plate was designed to be placed in all volumes bought or rebound from the donated funds. Patricia Myrer also donated case leather-bound volumes of six of his eight novels to the library.
In 1997, Patricia Myrer donated funds to the United States Army War College Foundation and the republication rights to her husband's novel Once An Eagle. The Army War College reprinted the book with citations from the Army War College commandant, Maj. Gen. Robert H. Scales; General John William Vessey, Jr.; and the US Marine Corps commandant General Charles C. Krulak. The book has remained in print ever since and is required reading at the United States Army War College.
In Anton Myrer's honor, the Department of Command, Leadership, and Management of the U.S. Army War College held its first annual Anton Myrer Leadership Symposium at Carlisle Barracks over three days January 26–28, 1999. The department also nominated October 14 every year as Anton Myrer Army Leader Day to provide an opportunity for academics, military and corporate leaders, journalists, and other invited guests to focus attention on leadership issues at the strategic level. It serves as the capstone event for the U.S. Army War College's strategic leadership course. The United States Army War College Foundation presents an award called the Anton Myrer Strategic leadership Writing Award annually on graduation day.
- Evil Under the Sun (1951) – The story of a group of artists, literary figures and locals during a summer on post-war Cape Cod. Prejudices, lingering war trauma, and frustration about the state of post-war America lead to violence. Not to be confused with the Agatha Christie novel of the same name.
- The Big War (1957) – The story of Marines in the Pacific in World War II. It depicts the actual experience of warfare was like for a desperate group of Marines trapped in some of the worst fighting conditions of the war.
- The Violent Shore (1962) – This novel is set just prior to, and during World War II, centering about an extremely neurotic, witty and beautiful young woman, Sally Marcheson, whose compulsive behavior molds the lives of several others.
- The Intruder: A Novel of Boston (1965) – The wife of a prominent architect is assaulted by an unknown intruder in her suburban home in Boston. The incident changes the family's life completely.
- Once An Eagle (1968) – The story of two army officers, one a ruthless, career-obsessed schemer, the other his opposite, and their often intermingled personal and professional lives from the end of World War I to the beginning of the Vietnam War. This novel is reportedly well known among American career military officers for its portrayal of leadership ideals and failures. The book is on the Marine Corps commandants' reading list and the United States Army War College uses it in leadership training. West Point cadets are assigned the book in classes and seminars. It was made into a television miniseries in 1976.
- The Tiger Waits (1973) – The story of one man's rise to academic and then political prominence in an administration, his love-hate relationship with Boston society, and how he discovers and handles a plot that threatens war.
- The Last Convertible (1978) – The story of five Harvard men and their coming-of-age during World War II through the early 1960s New Frontier/Camelot/John F. Kennedy era. The elegant "last convertible" of the title is seen by them as the symbol of their romantic youth. In 1979, the novel was made into a television miniseries.
- A Green Desire (1981) – The story of two brothers from western Massachusetts, the sons of an irresponsible adventurer and the wife he abandoned and left in poverty, one cold, manipulative and selfish, raised in Boston by a wealthy maternal aunt, the other good-hearted, responsible and resourceful, staying with his mother and pulling himself up by his own bootstraps, and the Portuguese-American woman they spent their lives fighting over. Set against the backdrop of the American financial world and the United States' rise to global dominance from the 1910s to just after World War II.
Film and television adaptationsEdit
- "Anton Myrer; Author of 'Once an Eagle' and 'The Last Convertible'". "Los Angeles Times. January 26, 1996. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Mel Gussow (January 23, 1996). "Anton Myrer, 73, Whose Novels Focused on War and Nostalgia". New York Times. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Myrer, Anton. Once an Eagle. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-008435-9.
- In Love and War (1958) on IMDb
- "Anton Myrer from HarperCollins". Harper Collins. Archived from the original on 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2007-06-14.
- Art Hellyer (September 10, 2008). The Hellyer Say. Art Hellyer Productions. p. 336. ISBN 0615243371. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Art Hellyer (September 10, 2008). The Hellyer Say. Art Hellyer Productions. p. 337. ISBN 0615243371. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Barbara H. Stanton (June 1997). "Gift in Memory of Anton Myrer" (PDF). New York Society Library Newsletter Vol.4, #3. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Charles G. Berry (June 2007). "Annual Report June 2006 – May 2007". New York Society Library Newsletter. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Maj. Gen. Robert Scales, U.S. Army (Ret.) (December 18, 2013). "O! The damage 'Once an Eagle' has done to my Army -- and yes, it is partly my fault". Foreign Policy. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Robert Stone (October 5, 2000). "Battle Hymn of the Republic". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Lloyd J. Matthwes, Editor (October 2000). "Building and Maintaining Healthy Organizations: The Key to Future Success; Preface". Department of Command, Leadership, and Management, U.S. Army War College. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Army Leader Day, Honoraria at the United States Army War College". Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Tom Zimmerman (TRADOC) (October 19, 2009). "Army leadership discusses wide range of issues with USAWC students". United States Army. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Public Affairs staff report (October 14, 2010). "Army leadership discusses today's issues with Army War College students". United States Army War College Community, Carlisle, PA. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Army leaders discuss challenges, solutions with War College students". U.S. Army War College Public Affairs. United States Army. October 18, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Tyler Davis (June 9, 2012). "2012 Writing and Research Student Award Winners". United States Army War College Community, Carlisle, PA. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Becker, Elizabeth, "Military Goes by the Book, but It's a Novel", New York Times, August 16, 1999". The New York Times. August 16, 1999.
- Thomas, Evan, "McChrystal's War", Newsweek, October 5, 2009.
- Once an Eagle (1976) TV Mini-Series on IMDb
- The Last Convertible (1979) TV Mini-Series on IMDb