Anton Josef Gruscha

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Anton Josef Gruscha, S.T.D. (3 November 1820, Vienna – 5 August 1911, Schloss Kranichberg, Lower Austria) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and was Archbishop of Vienna.

His Eminence

Anton Josef Gruscha
Cardinal, Archbishop of Vienna
Anton Joseph Gruscha.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic
Installed6 July 1890
Term ended5 August 1911
PredecessorCölestin Josef Ganglbauer
SuccessorFranz Xaver Nagl
Other postsCardinal-Priest of Santa Maria degli Angeli
Ordination4 May 1843
Consecration28 April 1878
Created cardinal1 June 1891
by Leo XIII
Personal details
Born(1820-11-03)3 November 1820
Vienna Austrian Empire
Died5 August 1911(1911-08-05) (aged 90)
Kirchberg am Wechsel Austro-Hungarian Empire
Previous postBishop of the Military Ordinariate of Austria (1878–1890)
Coat of armsAnton Josef Gruscha's coat of arms
Styles of
Anton Josef Gruscha
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

He was born in Vienna, Austria. He received minor orders on 31 October 1839, the subdiaconate on 9 July 1842, the diaconate 15 July 1842. He was ordained on 4 May 1843. He attended the University of Vienna, where he earned a doctorate in theology in 1849.

After his ordination he worked in the Archdiocese of Vienna in the parish of Saint Leopold. He was also a professor of religion in the gymnasium of the Theresian Academy, a preacher in the metropolitan cathedral, and a professor of pastoral theology in the university. He was created Privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness.


Pope Leo XIII appointed him titular bishop of Carre and an Auxiliary Bishop of Vienna on 28 March 1878. He was promoted to the metropolitan see of Vienna on 23 June 1890.


He was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria degli Angeli in the consistory of 1 June 1891 by Pope Leo. He participated in the conclave of 1903 that elected Pope Pius X and refused to issue the veto of Emperor Franz Josef I against Cardinal Rampolla; however, that veto was issued by Cardinal Puzyna. Cardinal Gruscha died in 1911.


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Cölestin Josef Ganglbauer, O.S.B
Archbishop of Vienna
23 June 1890 – 5 August 1911
Succeeded by
Franz Xaver Nagl
Preceded by
François-Marie-Benjamin Richard
Oldest living Member of the Sacred College
28 January 1908 - 5 August 1911
Succeeded by
Alfonso Capecelatro